But, in order to embody this idea, first you need to learn all the subtleties of the work. Special feeding and a certain temperature, fresh air and the necessary lighting - this is just a small list of what you need to know first.
If you want to start growing, you need to know some nuances. One of the most important rules is a properly built greenhouse. According to experienced flower growers, good flower care and the right approach will help you cover your investment almost three times!
- Daffodils and violets - delicate flowers
- Dahlias are very fond of shade, and roses are expensive flowers!
- Asters, peonies and tulips are the easiest to grow
Daffodils and violets - delicate flowers
Florists who have been cultivating various types of flowers for a long time are advised to grow a variety of plant varieties, since a perfectly folded bouquet of different flowers always costs a little more than selling the same plants separately. Therefore, the best option would be 10-15 varieties of plants in one greenhouse.
Daffodils cannot be overlooked, as their yellow-orange color constantly attracts the attention of buyers. In order to breed this variety in your own greenhouse, you need to know a few rules that will lead you to success. These flowers should be planted in the fall, but only before the first frost occurs. In the greenhouse, frost occurs somewhat later. Only after the vegetables have been harvested can you start growing flowers.
Your task is to slightly cool the flower bulbs before planting them, otherwise the plants will not bloom. After the bulbs have been well cooled, you can start planting them. The bulbs should be planted no more than 15 centimeters deep when the air temperature has not dropped below 9 degrees. In order for the flowers not to die from frost, they need a “blanket” of straw to cover the ground. 4 kg per square meter will be sufficient.
In order for the flower bulbs to be well preserved, they must be kept in a box at a temperature of 7-9 degrees. The room must be well ventilated and dry.
There is another way to grow daffodils. They can be grown in plastic pots and stored in the same way at temperatures no higher than 9 degrees. These pots can be stacked one-on-one to save space in your greenhouse.
Violets have always been very popular and expensive. These flowers should be planted with cuttings, which you can purchase at your specialty store. Remember, violets do not like crowdedness very much, so you only need to grow them for a variety. The best varieties of this plant are considered:
- "Doctor Faust"
Also, these plants can be divided into several groups according to their color and a certain structure of flowers:
- The first group can include one-color as well as two-color flowers, where there is one eye in the center of each petal. For this group, the following varieties are distinguished: "Doctor Faust" and "Albilura".
- The second group includes violets, which have three eyes on their petals. These include the Cardinal and Adonis varieties.
- The third group often includes those varieties of violets that have a bright corolla color.
- The fourth group includes such varieties of violets, which have a mixed color.
- The fifth group contains violets, which have corrugated or wavy petals.
Yes, there are a lot of types of violets. Such plants can be propagated not only by cuttings, but also with the help of seeds. The flower itself is very fond of fertilizers, so it must be planted in moist soil, previously fertilized.
Remember! Violets don't like crowding, so don't scatter it too much.
If you want to plant violets with cuttings, then they must first be prepared for this. Select the end shoots that have 2-3 nodules in them. These cuttings usually take root within a month. As for fertilizers, the flowers should be fed with superphosphate and nitrate. Each fertilizer should be applied at 25-30 per square meter. At this point, the special care is over. All that remains for you is frequent watering and loosen the soil itself.
Dahlias are very fond of shade, and roses are expensive flowers!
Such flowers look very gorgeous and attractive in a combined bouquet, so it is for them that you should allocate a place for growing in your greenhouse. The flowers themselves can be completely different in color, which fascinates, looking at them. Dahlias, just like violets, can be divided into several subgroups:
In the first subspecies, large double inflorescences are distinguished, which can be of various shades. The varieties that include: "For Peace", "Marianna" and "Lakhta".
The chrysanthemum subgroup also has large flowers, but they bloom with long and curved flowers wrapped in tubes. For such a subgroup, "White Lady" and "Evening" are distinguished.
Such flowers can be propagated both by seeds and by cuttings and root tubers. These plants are very fond of when the soil is well fertilized. For fertilizers, manure is suitable, which must be applied at 4 kg per planting site. As for mineral fertilizers - ammonium sulfate and the hall needs to be applied 8-10 grams, superphosphate - 45 grams. Dahlias are very capricious plants, so they need to be planted in a checkerboard pattern. After that, fertilize the soil with humus or peat.
It is important to know that these flowers love shade, so they need to be planted in such a way that there will be minimal sun exposure. In order to solve this problem, special caps are needed, which should be worn on dahlias in the afternoon, and removed the next day at dawn.
Roses are among the most expensive flowers. They can be bred with scions and grafting. For the first case, you should pick up the strongest shoots that grow on the side. Plant each process in pits, the depth of which should not exceed 8 centimeters. The ends of these shoots should be constantly on the surface, since 10 shoots can be removed from each bush that you plant, which can be successfully planted in exactly the same way.
The second case is the grafting of rose hips with the help of "sleeping" eyes. The most optimal time is the end of July. These flowers are good because they can give their "fruits" for many years in a row, even without a transplant.
Asters, peonies and tulips are the easiest to grow
Asters are both annuals and perennials. The flowers of the aster are quite large. There are several of the best and most beautiful varieties, which are "Alpine aster" and "European aster".
Alpine aster is a fairly large flower basket of various colors, where the stem reaches 20 centimeters and does not have a lot of leaves. As for the second grade, this is a bush that has a lot of branches with a lot of baskets. Such a bush can bloom all spring and even summer.
Such flowers are completely unpretentious in their care for them. For them, it will be enough to fertilize the ground with a small amount of humus and add a little mineral fertilizers. It is important to know that to prepare the ground in your greenhouse for growing such flowers, you will need 7 kg of humus per square meter, 45-50 grams of superphosphate, the same amount of nitrophosphate and, of course, wood ash - 600 grams. Then, all this should be very well dug up and covered with a layer of humus about 2 centimeters.
All that is required of you in caring for peonies is to loosen the soil and do not forget to water these plants. After the peonies begin to grow, they should be fertilized 2 times a month. For fertilizers, diluted tincture of chicken manure along with mineral fertilizers is well suited.
In order to choose suitable varieties of peonies that will bloom perfectly, you need to remember their names:
- "Keluis Gloris"
In order to grow beautiful and large tulips, you should only select large bulbs. It is these bulbs that will germinate well, and the flowers will also be quite large.
Before planting tulips, you need to thoroughly dig up the soil and fertilize it with wood ash and a minimum amount of minerals. At the end of summer, the tulip bulbs should be dug out of the open ground, dried thoroughly, and then left in the basement.
In the first month of winter, you should warm up the greenhouse a little so that the air temperature is +2 degrees, and then plant the bulbs. This temperature in the greenhouse should be kept for two months, after which you should gradually increase it at the end of January. To begin with, raise the temperature to 8 degrees, then to 15 and to 22. As soon as you see green bores, immediately turn on the artificial light, which should shine at least 6 hours a day. After such courtship, your first tulips will appear by March 8.
These types of flowers are completely unpretentious in cultivation and are sold with a bang.
Informative video about growing roses in greenhouses: