A completely unsightly plant in the summer, with hanging light green branches, with the arrival of winter, turns into a beautiful flower. By the Christmas holidays, the tips of the Decembrist leaves release buds, which eventually bloom, turning into delicate pink or reddish flowers of extraordinary beauty. They crown all the hanging edges of the branches and create the impression of summer in the middle of winter.
But in order for the plant to bloom on time and have an attractive appearance, proper care for the Decembrist flower must be carried out. If this is done incorrectly, he may not only not release the color, but even die altogether.
- Caring for flowers by the Decembrists
- What are the diseases of the flowers of the Decembrists
- How Decembrists reproduce and transplant flowers
- How to water and feed the Decembrists
Caring for flowers by the Decembrists
The Decembrist belongs to the cactus family, but caring for him is slightly different from the maintenance of thorny plants. In appearance, our Decembrist is not very similar to a cactus, but you cannot call it an ordinary deciduous flower. The plant is not entirely whimsical, but there are still some nuances.
Secrets of caring for the Decembrist:
- You should not place the plant in direct sunlight or on windows through which the sun beats down. The stems of the flower will begin to dry out, and its growth will slow down significantly. Sometimes the extremity of cuttings dies off, which pulls late flowering with it or it will not be at all.
- For the summer of the Decembrist, it is recommended to take it out into the street, a loggia or a balcony, if it is cool there and there are no scorching rays. Sometimes they are even buried in the ground in the shady part of the garden plot. Thus, the plant will be enriched with useful substances and will well endure the winter.
- If the plant remains at home, then the best place for it will be a darkened window or a partial shade created by a curtain or blinds. The temperature regime does not exert much pressure on the Decembrist, he can survive both heat and cold (from +4 to +35 degrees). But the flower grows and develops better when the lower edge is +18 degrees, and the upper one, +24.
- Correct formation of the crown of a plant allows you to improve its appearance and obtain abundant flowering. They do this in mid-June, unscrewing the curves and dried extreme cuttings. It is by unscrewing, and not cutting off, then the damaged areas heal and recover faster.
- If, while routinely replanting the plant, you notice that the roots are damaged or rotten, they should be rinsed with hot water + 36 degrees. After that, remove all damage and transplant into new soil.
Proper care of the Decembrist flower will allow you to contemplate the beauty on your windowsill every year. The flower itself is a long-lived plant and can live for over 20 years. Of course, the older he gets, the more care he requires.
What are the diseases of the flowers of the Decembrists
Like all indoor plants, the Decembrist is sometimes sick. Diseases of the inhabitants of domestic green spaces mean all deviations in the appearance and life of the plant.
What hurts the Decembrist?
- Fungal diseases
- Harmful insects
- Improper watering
- Not on time top dressing
Often, after transplanting a plant, fungal infections are introduced into new soil: phytiums, phytophthora or fusarium. Leaves become pale and lethargic, even with heavy watering. In this case, it is necessary to treat the flower with an appropriate preparation and transplant it into a new, disinfected soil.
When struck by a spider mite, the Decembrist becomes covered with rusty stains, these are scanty insects, brownish, yellowish and even dark red. Plant infection occurs as a result of very dry indoor air.
Small white lumps on the plant indicate the appearance of such a pest as mealy blackneck. From it, as well as from a spider mite, they get rid of it by spraying with special means.
The death of the root system of the plant also belongs to the diseases of the Decembrist flower. Hanging twigs lose energy, become lethargic and lifeless, and the bush itself moves easily in the ground, which means that the roots have died off. This happens if an overheated plant is watered with cold water or overcooled, as well as with an overdose of fertilizers. This state of the flower is saved by transplanting into a new soil.
The disease-causing conditions also include the Decembrist not releasing color. This happens due to the violation of the feeding periods, as well as due to excessive watering in October and November. During these months, it is unnecessary to fertilize the plant, and the dose of watering should be reduced as much as possible, only from the beginning of December, the flower must be saturated with moisture as much as possible. And by the end of December it will be possible to get the long-awaited flowering.
How Decembrists reproduce and transplant flowers
Flowers are propagated by the Decembrists, by cuttings, by plucking 2 - 3 segments from the edge of the branch. Then the cuttings are allowed to rest for a couple of days and are planted in the prepared soil, covered with a plastic glass on top.
The land for planting is harvested in advance, taking in equal proportions sod land, peat, sand and leaf humus. The pot is filled one quarter with drainage so that the root system does not rot when water stagnates, and there is air access. The planted plant is placed in the shade, often ventilated and watered constantly. Cuttings root better at a temperature of +18 - +20 degrees.
Plant transplantation, like cuttings, is carried out at the end of winter or in spring, after the Decembrist has faded. Drainage and good quality soil must be prepared in advance and decontaminated. The superficial rhizome allows the use of shallow pots for the Decembrists. It is recommended to replant young plants every year, while mature flowers can succumb to this every 3-4 years.
How to water and feed the Decembrists
Decembrists should be watered in moderation so that the water does not stand and the earth around the flower is not constantly wet. If the room temperature is lower than +14 degrees, it is often not recommended to moisten the soil. When the flower overheats, it should not be moistened with cold water, this can deplorably affect the root system.
The procedure is carried out with pre-separated water at room temperature. In summer, it is recommended to alternate watering with spraying. Regularly wash away dust from flower branches by irrigation, covering the ground with plastic wrap.
Top dressing of the Decembrist is carried out relative to the schedule. It should be carried out in the summer, as well as at the beginning of September, one procedure per month. After that, all complementary foods end, and the plant is given the opportunity to "fall asleep" before flowering. During this period, watering is also limited. At the beginning of December, the flower is placed in a lighter place, they begin to water more intensively and feed them. Thus, "waking up" the Decembrist, you will receive flowering even before the new year.
With proper care, your Decembrist flower will always be healthy and attractive. Remember that he loves moderate watering, moist air, spraying and root dressing. It does not tolerate extreme heat and direct sunlight, its root system is afraid of cold watering. Our winter handsome does not like sudden changes in temperature and transferring the pot to another place during the period of tying buds and flowering itself.
Video guide to proper care for the Decembrist: