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Marsh hibiscus and care


Hibiscus is a plant that belongs to the Malvov family and grows in the subtropics and tropics. The leaves are light green and slightly petiolate. Plant height can be up to 2 meters if planted in open ground.

Hibiscus is common in many countries around the world, which is why it has several names. In Ukraine and Russia, it can also be called a tea rose. In Hawaii, hibiscus has a great name - "the flower of beautiful women." It is also called the "Chinese rose". At the moment, there are about 200 varieties of only marsh hibiscus, so it cannot be ruled out that not all the names of this plant are listed above.

Content:

  • Reproduction and planting
  • Swamp hibiscus care
  • Pests and diseases

Reproduction and planting

There are two ways to breed marsh hibiscus:

  • Cuttings
  • Seeds

Propagation by cuttings is one of the simplest and most common methods. Even in the summer, the gardener cuts cuttings and processes them with means to stimulate growth. At the next stage, the cuttings are placed in a special mixture (from peat and sand), where over time the cutting will take root. To do this, it must be watered with warm water and do not keep the pot in a cold place.

Seed propagation is also a fairly simple procedure and in some ways less labor intensive.

Seeds are sown from January to March. Planting takes place in the soil of peat and sand. In order for the seeds to start, the container is closed with a special glass so that the temperature for the plant does not drop below 25 degrees. Periodically, the plant needs to be ventilated and fertilized to accelerate growth. As soon as the leaves are visible in the pot, they are immediately dived into separate containers. The downside of this reproduction is that the plant will bloom no earlier than after 3 years.

Swamp hibiscus care

Hibiscus plants are not whimsical. They do not require a lot of sunlight, but not in dim lighting they may not bloom. Also, the flower does not like direct sunlight. That is why western or eastern windows would be ideal. It may also be on the south side, but then it may be necessary to protect against ultraviolet radiation, depending on how much the sun's rays affect the flowerpot.

The room temperature must reach the markings of at least 24 degrees. If the flowerpot is planted in the ground, this figure may be slightly lower. If the temperature reaches over 30 degrees, you need to shade the plants with additional means.

The soil for hibiscus should be loose and saturated with humus. It is advisable to feed hibiscus from spring to autumn once a week. In winter, once a month is enough.

In the warm season, you need to water the flower often and abundantly. In winter, moderate watering is enough. Water must be at room temperature and settled. If there is not enough water for the hibiscus, then it will begin to lose leaves and disappear.

Pests and diseases

If the care of the plant is correct, then perhaps the gardener will not recognize such problems as pests and diseases. Hibiscus is not prone to all sorts of diseases. But the possibility of breeding parasites cannot be ruled out.

The most common are aphids and mites. In order to get rid of them, it is best to transplant the plant by working it out with a special solution. The main thing to remember is that the drug should not have an oil base, since the plant cannot always withstand such treatment without consequences in its growth.

Due to a lack of nutrients or watering, the leaves of the hibiscus will curl and the flowers will not be able to bloom. If the leaves dry and fly around the base of the flowerpot, then it is sick with chlorosis, that is, it is oversaturated with chlorine and calcium.

The best prevention against any disease is proper watering and temperature conditions, as well as a moderate amount of feeding at any time of the year.

Marsh hibiscus is primarily a beautiful plant, therefore it is most often used for the interior of the garden or for creating home comfort. It will decorate any home and, with proper care, can please the eye for several decades.

In some eastern countries, hibiscus is used as a herb, on the basis of which various medicinal and common teas are made. Hibiscus tea is made from hibiscus in Ukraine and Russia.

In cosmetology, hibiscus flowers are used to create oils and products for skin rejuvenation. Not only the flowers of herbal hibiscus, but also its root are successfully used in medicine. It is one of the best anti-inflammatory agents in the body, as well as antipyretic.

As you can see from the above, marsh hibiscus is not just a beautiful and unpretentious plant, but also very useful. Every gardening enthusiast should have it in his collection.

Video about the correct sowing of marsh hibiscus seeds:


Watch the video: Care and Maintenance of Red Rose Mallow Hibiscus (January 2022).