Forgotten benefits of turnips, fresh and cooked

Today, many turnips are familiar only from old tales and sayings. The benefits of turnip, both in daily nutrition and in the treatment of many diseases, have been known for a very long time. Everyone remembers the fairy tale about "About tops and roots" and the saying about steamed turnips, we will try to figure out thanks to what properties turnips benefit the body.


  • Turnip, garden plant
  • Nutritional value and benefits of turnips
  • Turnip in cooking
  • Turnip in folk medicine

Turnip, garden plant

Turnip is a herbaceous plant from the genus Cabbage or Cruciferous. It has been cultivated by man as a garden culture for several millennia. Asia is considered the homeland of the plant, although it was widespread in the Mediterranean countries. For many peoples of Europe, turnip has been used in food since ancient times, both fresh and cooked. In Russia, until the 18th century, it was the main vegetable for the garden, until it was crowded by imported potatoes.

The turnip gained such popularity because of its thick, expanded root. It is formed in the first year after sowing the seeds. The ground part of the plant is represented by:

  • rosette of root leaves
  • stem
  • stem leaves
  • inflorescence

The plant blooms, as a rule, in the second year of life. Inflorescence - umbrella, consists of small, lemon-yellow flowers. The fruit is a pod with dark brown seeds. The ground parts are used in folk medicine, and the thick, fleshy turnip root is also used for food.

Nutritional value and benefits of turnips

The benefits of turnips are primarily due to the high content of various vitamins:

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In terms of vitamin C content, it can even be compared with lemon.

Turnip also has a rich set of useful micro- and macroelements:

  • gland
  • potassium
  • manganese
  • calcium
  • sulfur
  • phosphorus
  • magnesium
  • iodine

In addition, 100 grams of turnip contains:

  • protein 1.5 g
  • fat 0.1 g
  • carbohydrates 6 g
  • dietary fiber 1.9

The calorie content of fresh turnips is 28 kcal / 100 g.

Due to its low calorie content and high content of vitamins and minerals, turnip can be a complete substitute for potatoes. First of all, it will be useful for people who suffer from the following diseases:

  • obese
  • diabetes mellitus
  • rickets
  • avitominosis

It is worth choosing turnips of medium-sized, sweet or slightly spicy varieties for food. It can be consumed both after heat treatment and fresh.

Turnip in cooking

Turnips can be eaten fresh, added to salads. Turnip tops can also be used in fresh salads. Healthy, vitamin, low-calorie turnip salads are obtained in combination with:

  • carrots
  • leek
  • beets
  • stalked celery
  • apples
  • garlic
  • sorrel
  • eggs
  • cheese

Ideal dressings for turnip salads are olive oil and lemon juice. All salads are good for a variety of diets and have a positive effect on sugar and cholesterol levels.

Cooking fried turnips with honey and hot pepper according to an old recipe will not take more than a few minutes. You just need to boil the chopped turnips in boiling water for three minutes and fry it with red hot pepper in oil for the same amount of time, add a spoonful of honey at the end. This dish perfectly strengthens the immune system in winter.

In any first course, turnip can completely or partially replace potatoes, this will reduce:

  • calorie content of meat dishes
  • soups
  • rassolnikov
  • borscht

And of course, nothing is easier than making steamed turnips. To do this, select four sweet turnips, peel, cut into slices and put in a saucepan, salt and add a few tablespoons of water. Simmer over low heat for 50-60 minutes. Fill with oil. It is worth saying that turnip dishes are useful not only for adult men and women, but also perfectly complement the nutrition of children, being a folk prophylactic against the development of rickets. Turnip leaves and root are used in folk medicine and for many other diseases.

Turnip in folk medicine

For the treatment and prevention of many diseases, both the leaves and the root of the turnip are used. Turnip contains the chemical sulforaphane glucoraphanin, which helps fight serious diseases such as cancer and diabetes.

Once in the human body, this substance has:

  • antibacterial effect
  • breaks down fats
  • removes toxins
  • lowers sugar levels
  • stabilizes heart rate

To improve vision, it is enough to eat a few spoons of grated turnip daily. In addition, it will improve the condition of the skin, hair, nails and normalize the microflora in thrush and in the gastrointestinal tract.

For colds and heart diseases, turnip juice with honey helps. This remedy has a particularly good effect in the treatment of pulmonary diseases:

  • tuberculosis
  • asthma
  • bronchitis

Steamed turnips can be used to make compresses for joint diseases, salt deposits, and various pain manifestations. When rinsing the mouth with a decoction of turnip, not only the gums are strengthened, their bleeding decreases, but also a beneficial effect on the enamel of the teeth.

For skin diseases, you can take baths with a decoction of turnip leaves. In addition, it is an excellent remedy for:

  • sleep disorders
  • nervous excitability
  • urolithiasis
  • anemia

Despite the widespread use of turnip in cooking and medicine, there are cases when it must be used with caution, or completely excluded from the menu.

Restrictions on the use of turnips

With any use of turnips, it is important to observe the measure, because sometimes it is not the product itself that causes harm, but its excessive use. It is worth adhering to the dosages recommended in folk recipes and take into account that boiled turnips are softer than raw ones.

It is completely worth giving up turnips during an exacerbation of such diseases as:

  • stomach ulcer
  • duodenal ulcer
  • erosive gastritis
  • hepatitis
  • cholecystitis
  • pyelonephritis

With diabetes mellitus, it is necessary not only to comply with the norm, but also to give preference to non-sweet varieties. It is also worth giving up turnips in case of individual intolerance to this vegetable. Despite the presence of contraindications, the benefits of turnips deserve its return to the family menu.

Informative video about the benefits of turnips: