Succulents are plants that can store water for a long time and do not require frequent watering, unlike other home flowers. They are not whimsical to care for, most importantly, they need a lot of sunlight. If your windows face south and you want to place a beautiful flower on the windowsill, a succulent plant is a good choice.
- What are succulents
- How to properly care for succulents
- Reproduction of succulents
- Pests and diseases
What are succulents
The most common succulents are:
- Echeveria (stone flower)
- Crassula (fat woman)
- Sedum (sedum)
- Aloe (agave)
- Epiphyllum (cactus)
In nature, succulents grow in the tropics: in South America, Africa, Madagascar. At home, they adapt quite well.
How to properly care for succulents
Home care for succulents in warm or cold weather is different. In the spring, plants need to be transplanted into new soil. The soil for succulents is selected nutritious, it consists of sand, bark and earth. It is important that this mixture is airtight and waterproof.
In the summer, regular watering is needed, and additional feeding is also needed. In winter, watering is reduced, as little light comes in. It is better to put the flower close to the glass itself, here it is much lighter and cooler. You can not water it at all in winter, a succulent is able to survive for a long time without water. If the wilting of the flower is noticeable, then you can water it a little, it is, as it were, left for hibernation until spring.
These plants need, like air to people, sunlight, succulents cannot develop normally without light. Other flowers in the bright sun can simply burn out, and succulents have protective elements from excessive light, so they are not afraid of even the scorching heat. As a result, many species exhibit an additional color or pattern on the leaves.
It is better to put the pot on the windowsill, in the summer you can put it on the balcony.
If the owner had a desire to make a beautiful composition out of succulents, then it was decided to put it on a coffee table near the window, then this should be done for no more than a month. Then be sure to put it back on the windowsill. With a lack of light, the plant may die.
Succulents do not like water, so they do not require frequent watering. In summer - 2 times a week, and in winter - 2 times a month. By their nature, succulent plants are very thrifty, retaining liquid in their thick leaves in order to survive in drought.
Succulents are able to withstand temperature changes. But frost is treated badly. Also in the summer, you should not close the window tightly, air circulation is important. Observing a few simple rules for caring for succulents, beautiful unpretentious flowers will grow in your home, and will also delight the eye.
Reproduction of succulents
The breeding process is simple. Many succulents sprout fallen leaves. For some plants, you can simply cut off the lateral sprout, then plant it in the ground. You cannot put sprouts or leaves in water, they will rot. The shoots must first be dried for three days on the window, then planted. In a couple of weeks, the young flower will already take root. It is important to use complementary foods and special rooting stimulants, so the plant will take root faster.
With leaf propagation, the leaf is completely broken off, placed side by side on the ground. Also, the flower has the ability to shed leaves and multiply on its own. Without additional actions from the owner, the leaf will take root by itself. You just need to add a little fresh earth. Roots will sprout in two weeks, then buds will form.
Some succulents turn into a full-fledged adult plant in two months, others need a year to fully mature.
Some types of succulents can multiply not from a whole leaf, but from a part, such as Kalanchoe, Gasteria, Hawrotia. The dried leaf fragment is planted vertically one centimeter into the ground. Gasteria and Hawrotia grow for a very long time - about a year. Kalanchoe can grow in a couple of months, and the leaf must be laid horizontally, pressed with something to the ground, the sprouts will go around the perimeter, it looks very original and beautiful.
It is better to breed succulents in spring - summer. Rooting is easy, the flower grows rapidly. In autumn and winter, reproduction is not recommended, because the plant receives little light, growth is slowed down.
There are varieties of succulents that multiply by seed. It is necessary to add coal to the soil and when planting seeds, keep the pot under a hood, provide light. The first shoots should appear in a week. The flower will become adult in a year or two.
Succulents are one of the many plants that are easy to reproduce. You do not need to wait for weeks for the appearance of shoots.
Pests and diseases
Succulents can be damaged by mealybugs, thrips, mites. For the worm and thrips, special insecticides are used. The plant is sprayed with the agent, the soil is watered. There are also systemic drugs, they soak the entire flower from the inside, and its juice becomes poison for the pest.
Insecticides do not save ticks. Ticks have a slightly different metabolism than insects. Acaricides are used to control ticks:
Diseases of domestic succulents can lead to plant death. Mostly rot appears, they arise from excessive watering. Fungal rot appears when the flower is cool, develops slowly. Bacterial rot occurs with excessive heat, it affects the plant quickly, it can die in a couple of days.
Finding spots or mold on the flower leaves, you need to immediately cut off the affected leaves. If the stem is sick, then it is necessary to cut off the plant to a healthy place. Most often, the problem is noticed when it is already completely impossible to save the plant, you have to use surgical methods.
It would be most correct to take preventive measures:
- The high moisture content of the soil should not be allowed; it should be allowed to dry out.
- When replanting, add coal to the soil.
- Be sure to provide drainage at the bottom of the pot.
- Observe the correct watering regime in winter.
- Propagate only in spring, and let the cuttings dry before planting.
- Place in a well-lit place.
Succulents are easy to care for, such plants are suitable for lazy owners who do not want to do the daily watering of flowers, the most important thing is to expose the pot to the light.
See how to make a decorative composition from succulents in the video: