The name of the plant, summer white flower, speaks for itself. It has close relatives, one of which, the spring white flower blooms along with snowdrops in early spring, and the other, the autumn white flower, blooms accordingly in the fall. It should be said that the summer white flower is not only a wonderful decoration of the garden, but also a valuable medicinal raw material.
- Botanical description
- Cultivation of summer white flower in the garden
- Diseases and pests
- Medicinal use
Summer white flower is a bulbous plant common in Europe and Asia, it can be found in:
- Of Italy
In natural conditions of Russia, it is found in the Crimea, Krasnodar Territory.
Summer white flower has a small, up to 4 - 5 cm, slightly elongated bulb, from which up to five dark green, narrow, 20 to 60 cm high leaves emerge. The flower arrow has a wing and a peduncle. White, drooping flowers are collected in an inflorescence - an umbrella. One umbrella can have up to 10 flowers. The tops of the flower petals are pointed, folded back and have a green spot.
The budding stage occurs in May, and in June the plant begins to bloom. Flowering lasts three to four weeks. After that, the fruits are tied - fleshy boxes with black seeds and an easily detachable shell.
Some species of white flowers are endangered and are listed in the Red Book.
Prefers to grow in meadows, foothills and coastal dunes. Due to its unpretentiousness, graceful appearance, the flower is used in gardens, parks, grown in the local areas.
Cultivation of summer white flower in the garden
Thanks to its delicate white flowers, reminiscent of large lilies of the valley, the plant has gained popularity among amateurs - flower growers. Currently, several varieties adapted for growing in gardens and flower beds have been bred.
For planting summer white flower bulbs in the garden, the garden bed is prepared at the end of summer. It is better to choose a place for her in partial shade. Add to the soil in advance:
- well-rotted manure
- leafy land
If the soil is highly acidic, then it must be "acidified" and lime added. The best time to plant is late summer, autumn. It is required to close the onion to a depth not exceeding two to three of its sizes. It is better to leave the distance between the bulbs at least 30 cm, since the plant quickly grows into a powerful bush, due to the fact that not only the bulb grows, but also arbitrary sowing of seeds is possible. Although the white flower is quite frost-resistant and calmly withstands frost of 30 degrees, it is still better to cover the garden in the first year of planting.
In the spring, during the period of active budding, the plant needs to be fed with organic and complex mineral fertilizers. Preference is given to phosphorus-potassium rather than nitrogen-containing mixtures. If bulb activities such as dividing and replanting are envisaged, then they should be planned for the time following flowering when the plant is dormant. If you need to store the bulbs for several months, then you must remember that they dry out easily and it is better to store them in perforated bags with a moistened filler.
In one place, without transplanting, the white flower grows up to seven years, after which the bulbs are dug up, disassembled into daughter bulbs and planted in a new place.
- rocky gardens
- mixed plantings
- reservoir design
- near-trunk spaces
Diseases and pests
Bulbous nematode is a dangerous pest for the summer white flower. The main means of prevention from it is the acquisition of healthy planting material. If a pest is found, it is better to remove diseased bulbs completely, and fill the surviving ones with warm water, up to 40-45 degrees, and hold for several hours. After that, plant it in a new place where bulbous cultures did not grow before.
Thrips are no less dangerous, very small, no more than 2 mm pests living between the scales of the bulbs. For the destruction of a rapidly propagating pest, preparations are suitable:
You can use decoctions of tobacco, mustard for processing bulbs.
Fusorium rot damages the bulb of the plant. The mycelium grows between the scales and causes its death. Using fungicides and replanting to a new location can stop the spread of rot.
White streak is a viral disease that affects leaves, causing them to die off completely. There are no effective control measures, only the complete removal and destruction of diseased plants.
The leaves of the plant contain various alkaloids:
- nervous disorders
- cerebral palsy
- facial nerve lesions
- opium poisoning (antidote)
In folk medicine, a decoction of the leaves is used for:
- nervous excitability
The plant is quite poisonous and it is worth remembering not only when taking its tincture inside, but also taking precautions when handling it in the garden.
Admire the flowering of the white flower in the video: