A delicate and very fragile flower - a snowdrop pleases our eyes for a very short time. It blooms only once a year, from the beginning of March to the beginning of April, during the period when the snow exposes the ground, warming it up with the first rays of the sun.
The plant, numbering in nature about 20 species, has recently been successfully grown in suburban areas in the garden. Florists, who began breeding, planting and observing the growth of snowdrop at home, came to the conclusion that the best flower variety for suburban areas in our climatic conditions is the snow-white snowdrop - G. nivalis.
- All about the snow-white snowdrop
- Preparing the soil for planting
- Planting a white snowdrop
- Secrets of growing snowdrop
All about the snow-white snowdrop
The leaves of the flower are of different shades - from light green to dark saturated shades with gray narrow longitudinal stripes. The flower takes on a different color and shape depending on the region in which it grows. European snowdrops have a darker green leaf color, flat in shape, slightly pointed towards the top of the leaf. The Caucasian flower has a delicate light green leaf color, three leaves instead of two, and a somewhat elongated stem.
The snow-white snowdrop got its name in 1735 from the famous Swedish naturalist - Karl Linnaeus. The European snowdrop is called differently in different countries. The Germans - with a snow-white bell, the Spaniards - with a "white snowflake", and the British - with a "snow earring". But wherever the snowdrop grows, it blooms in the same way, bewitching absolutely everyone watching it.
The two palms of the bract, as if tightly squeezing and protecting the snowdrop, are opened as soon as the flower breaks into the light. The bud is released and sent to the sky by the tips of the petals. Then the snowdrop blooms, turning into a delicate flower on a curved fragile leg.
Preparing the soil for planting
To get beautiful large flowers of white snowdrop, you need to prepare the soil before planting. If the soil in a suburban area is dense due to the recent construction of a house or due to its hydrological characteristics, then several measures should be taken to improve it.
- The soil has a dusty structure
- After watering, the ground is covered with a small dense crust.
- The soil is infertile
Planting a white snowdrop
It is better to acquire and plant a snowdrop when the plant is in a state of complete dormancy. This period falls from mid-July to early September. In warm regions, the planting period can be extended until early October if the weather is dry and warm, and the soil has not yet been exposed to the first frost. The basic requirements for planting a white snowdrop are as follows:
- It is necessary to plant the plant with bulbs, since the already existing small green leaves indicate that this snowdrop will feel uncomfortable, taking root in the ground and will most likely quickly weaken before it can rise. Even after taking root, such plants rarely bloom in their first spring, while still continuing to collect in the soil all the elements necessary for their vital activity.
- A prerequisite for planting a bulb is its moisture content. It should not be overdried, and by the day of disembarkation it should not have been outdoors for more than 1 month.
- If you purchased the plant earlier, sprinkle the seedlings with a layer of sawdust to retain moisture in them. Such seedlings must be stored in a dark and cool place.
- The bulb is planted in loosened soil to a depth of two bulbs. If the black soil in the garden is dense, the depth can be reduced to one bulb.
- Reproduction can be carried out with the help of seeds, however, in this case, flowering plants should not be expected earlier than in 3-4 years.
When caring for a white snowdrop, you need to remember one more rule - the final cut of the leaves of a flower should be carried out only after their complete withering away. During the growth period, you can feed the snowdrop with inorganic fertilizers. Experienced growers say that for this plant the best fertilizers are only liquid, enriched with potassium and phosphates.
Secrets of growing snowdrop
White snowdrop reproduces vegetatively, forming 1-2 bulbs from one plant. It is best to plant the flower in rows or in groups of 10-20 bulbs. The landing site is chosen in advance.
Of course, a group planting in a round flower bed will look more spectacular and more organic, resembling the chaotic growth of a flower in natural conditions. The area for snowdrop growth should be well loosened, well drained and well lit.
White snowdrop is a very "smart" plant, and even if you do not guess with the depth of its planting, having determined the bulb deep enough, the flower will give another bulb on top of it, from where the stem will develop.
For the winter, the planted snowdrop bulbs are mulched with rotted humus or peat. After the flower emerges from the ground and begins to grow, composting is highly undesirable. To strengthen the growth of a flower, it must be transplanted to another place every 5-6 years.
Snowdrops are moisture-loving plants, therefore, for active growth and early flowering, they need abundant watering.
Video about the flowering of snowdrops: