Wild peony is a perennial herbaceous shrub with single red flowers and deep green stems.
This is a flower with bright red or dark purple petals, and with a light openwork doubleness along the edges of the petals and with a bright yellow core, the foliage of wild peonies of a delicate wormwood shade, from a distance resembling pine needles or fern stems. The population of the wild peony in single localities varies from one to one hundred individuals.
The shoot of a wild peony grows from 10 to 40-50 cm in height, a cylindrical bush, at the top of which a bright raspberry-red medium-sized flower (8-10 cm in diameter) blooms. Like all peonies, the wild peony does not bloom for long, only a few days, but blooms several months earlier than some of its decorative garden counterparts.
The plant is highly poisonous! Not recommended for ingestion!
- Distribution and habitat of the wild peony
- Cultivation of wild peony
- Wild peony in landscape design
Distribution and habitat of the wild peony
- Russia (European part, Caucasus)
It grows in open steppe areas, forest edges, open steppe places, preferring sufficient sunlight for life. Sometimes found growing on calcareous slopes. Wild peonies are frost-resistant, moreover, they need a cold period for future flowering.
Peony blooms usually in mid-late May, its flowering period is short, it lasts only a few days, but is unusually bright. After the end of a short flowering period, seed pods are formed on the stems, with seeds ripe in them. A characteristic feature of peony seeds is that they lose their germination in a very short time, so it is recommended to sow them immediately or store them in the refrigerator for planting in the autumn.
The legend of his origin of peonies
There is a beautiful legend about the appearance of the peony flower. Once upon a time, in ancient times, there lived a healer Peian, who knew how to heal any disease with herbs. And people stopped turning to the gods for salvation, they went to the doctor. For this, the gods were angry with the doctor and wanted to eliminate him, but one of the gods took pity on him and hid him, turning him into a peony flower.
The peony is wild and indeed has medicinal properties. The parts of the peony most used for medicinal purposes are rhizomes and foliage, fresh leaves are rich in vitamin C, the peony contains (in all its parts) flavonoids and tannins.
In folk medicine of the North Caucasus, an infusion of this flower is used to treat anemia and lung diseases, but it must be remembered that the plant is poisonous, and strictly observe the dosage and method of making medicines from this flower.
Cultivation of wild peony
In nature, the wild peony is found less and less, so it is listed in the Red Book as an endangered plant. But now the fashion is spreading by gardeners for the cultivation of wild peony. The thin-leaved peony has been cultivated since the end of the 18th century, but it is still most popular in Europe and America, although its popularity began to grow in the Russian garden market.
The wild peony is usually propagated by dividing the bush, transplanting is traditionally recommended in August-September, since in peonies, as you know, it is in the fall that the process of root formation takes place. The soil is preferable black earth, necessarily non-acidic, more alkaline, enriched in carbonate - calcium. Excess nitrogen in the soil can lead to plant disease and shoot lodging.
Disease Care and Prevention
The most common garden form of wild peony is P. tenuifolia (laziniata), there are also the most popular cultivated varieties of fine-leaved peony. Wild peony is resistant to diseases, but does not tolerate high humidity, with increased humidity, roots can be trapped, besides, the peony is a very light-loving plant ...
Significant harm from aphids raised by black ants is possible. One of the serious diseases that can destroy the plant is gray rot. The stems are affected by these ailments at the time of emergence from the ground in early spring, this leads to breaking off the stems.
To prevent the death of shoots, it is recommended to saturate the soil with ash or dolomite flour, to maintain the alkali level in the ground, it is also recommended to use potassium permanganate or copper-containing preparations.
Wild peony does not require special conditions for growth, it is recommended to water it no more than three times a week during dry periods, however, you should attend to feeding the soil. Fertilize with ammonium nitrate and complex mineral fertilizer during the flowering period.
Wild peony in landscape design
With its spread in garden variations, it became possible to use the wild peony in landscape design. Experts recommend using this type of peony in combination with cereals, broom bushes, eremurus and perennial flax.
Looks great in the alpine slides. Planting of different varieties of peonies with different flowering periods will look spectacular, so the early species of peonies will bloom first - Mlokosevich's peony, then Maryin Root, followed by a wild peony, then milky-flowered peonies. The wild peony will look good in slides and rocky gardens, in imitation of mountain landscapes.
As already mentioned, cattle grazing, plowing of the steppes, fires and the eternal human desire to bring home freshly picked flowers led to the fact that the wild peony has become an endangered plant species. It was listed in the Red Book back in the 60s of the twentieth century, and is protected in the Central Chernozem Reserve, but still needs additional conservation. Therefore, the factor of breeding wild peonies in gardens and parks is especially important, this will undoubtedly contribute to the conservation and distribution of the species.
The festival is timed to the beginning of the flowering of the wild peony, watch the video: