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Where, when and how to plant blackberries


Blackberry is a high-yielding and unpretentious plant, therefore, more and more often it can be found in summer cottages. She has a two-year development cycle, that is, in the first year, buds are laid, and in the second they are already bearing fruit.

Content:

  • Planting and shaping
  • Preparing for winter
  • Reproduction by layering

Planting and shaping

When determining for yourself how to plant a blackberry, it must be borne in mind that this plant loves places protected from cold winds and well warmed up by the sun.

Blackberries are planted in spring and autumn. In the spring, you should do this as early as possible, while the buds have not yet begun to grow. And in autumn, the best option would be the end of September - the beginning of October, before frosts come. Otherwise, blackberries are not whimsical and can live on almost any soil.

It must also be remembered that the fertility of the berries is influenced not only by how to plant the blackberry, but also how correctly the fruiting branches and the growing ones are separated. The simplest way of separate placement, that is, fruiting shoots are directed in one direction, and growing in the other.

  • Fan shaped

When choosing a fan-shaped method, the fruiting branches are fanned out to the right or left, and new ones grow in the center.

  • Forming with ropes

If you decide to use the rope-forming method, fruiting shoots are located along the wire, and new ones, in the same way as in the previous way, remain in the center.

  • Wave shaping

There is also an option to form shoots in waves: shoots with berries are directed in waves along the lower rows, and young ones - along the upper ones.

Preparing for winter

In our conditions, blackberries are still a covering culture. Preparation for winter is carried out depending on the belonging of the bushes to the kumanik or dewweed group, since they can withstand a different temperature range, and also due to the fact that the strength of the development of shoots is different. Powerful, large-diameter kumanik trunks, with excessive bending effort, can crack.

Reproduction by layering

Although dewweeds are easily propagated by the ends of the shoots, our gardeners are more likely to propagate blackberry bushes by dividing. But in this case, the root system of the mother blackberry bush is worried, which negatively affects the harvest. Therefore, it is better not to disturb them and grow new bushes with layering.

For this, the earth is prepared around the mother plant. It should be borne in mind that the following conditions contribute to root formation:

  • lack of light in the regeneration area;
  • oxygen supply;
  • constant humidity;
  • enough heat.

Shoot bleaching, that is, stopping the supply of light to the blackberry stem is an important condition for the onset of root formation. The sooner and tighter the shoot is covered, the more powerful the plant's reaction will be. Therefore, to stimulate root growth, it is necessary to spud the stem as quickly and thoroughly as possible. Also, on the lower part of the shoot, which is turned towards the soil, you can cut the bark, pin it with a staple, and then pour it with root formation stimulants (Kornevin, heteroauxin).

When propagating by layers, the soil should be loose, retain moisture well, and provide a good air regime. If the garden land does not meet these requirements, then a small area can be prepared for rooting (naturally, away from the mother's roots).

For this, sand and peat are added to the garden soil. And for the top powder, you can use mature compost, which retains moisture well and is sufficiently breathable.

Heat also promotes root formation, so the site chosen should not be heavily shaded. But it must be remembered that heat will be beneficial if moisture is maintained. Therefore, a plastic bottle with a cut-off bottom can be inserted in the rooting zone. With a heated nail in the area of ​​the lid, we make holes, close the lid, and deepen such a structure by 15 cm in the form of a funnel upside down close to the layering. Now you can pour water into the resulting stationary socket without worrying about blurring the young roots.

The cuttings in the fall must be separated from the uterine blackberry bush so that the resulting bush will adapt to an independent existence. Three weeks later, to stimulate the development of roots, the top of the cut is cut off, then transplanted to a new place. But if there is a fear that by this period the root system has not developed enough, feel free to postpone the transplant until spring.

It is best to use a pitchfork to remove newly rooted layers. To prevent young roots from dying, do not let them dry out. Therefore, prepare the seats in advance according to the scheme described here.

So, for blackberries, many ways of forming bushes have been tried. And if you are passionate about this wonderful berry, then try to propagate it yourself. Do not think that the propagation of blackberries by layering is too laborious a method and is available only to agronomists. Nature itself uses such reproduction, because when the branches bend down during the growing season, phytohormones and nutrients rush there. Therefore, reproduction by layering is carried out not in greenhouses, but directly in the garden, in natural conditions.


Watch the video: 6 Tips for Successful Blackberry Growing - Pruning. Transplant (November 2021).