Also

Indoor flowers: balsam - a talisman of home warmth and comfort


The restless sun inspired the balsam to bloom throughout the year. In order for balsam to become a talisman for home warmth and comfort, it must be properly looked after.

Content:

  • Houseplant appearance
  • Conditions of detention and care
  • Reproduction
  • Pests and diseases

Houseplant appearance

Balsam is a fast-growing perennial plant with a height of 40-60 cm with a translucent, branched stem, the color of which ranges from light green to purple. The leaves are 5-10 cm long, located oppositely on the stem. A distinctive feature of balsam is fragile and thin petioles. With their help, the leaves are attached to the stem.

The plant is popularly called "light", as balsam flowers have a different color: from pale colors to bright red. Balsam has won the hearts of flower growers thanks to its beautiful flowering.

Conditions of detention and care

The main factors for the successful maintenance of indoor balsam:

  • Temperature
  • Lighting
  • Watering
  • Air humidity
  • Top dressing
  • Pinching and trimming
  • Transfer
  • Substrate

During the period of active growth, balsam needs a moderate temperature of content, in winter - at least 12 ° C.

The lighting should be intense, with shade from sunlight at midday. In winter, the plant needs to create additional lighting, so the stems will not stretch out and the balsam will remain attractive. In summer, regular and abundant watering is required, in winter - moderate. The main agrotechnical requirement when growing balsams is intensive watering.

The flower needs to be fed 1 time in 2 weeks from spring to autumn with complex fertilizers. Balsams respond well to nitrogen fertilization. For lush and abundant flowering, the plant needs mineral fertilizers. All top dressing should be done only after the soil is moistened in the pot.

In case of insufficient lighting in winter, the plant stretches strongly and loses its decorative effect. To restore the beauty of the balsam, it is necessary to shorten all the stems in half. The plant will soon give new shoots, buds and flowers.

Timely removal and pruning of thickening and weak stems stimulates the formation of new shoots, improves flowering. When the balsam reaches the required height, you need to pinch the top.

It is recommended to transplant balsam as needed: in early spring and late summer. A drainage layer should be laid on the bottom of the pot. But it should be remembered that the plant blooms profusely if it is slightly cramped in the pot.

For good growth and flowering, balsam needs to choose the right soil. The soil should contain turf, humus, leafy earth and sand, taken in equal amounts. Balsams have a strong root system, so a deep planting container should be chosen. The attractiveness of the plant and the abundant flowering will depend on proper care.

Reproduction

For reproduction of balsam and obtaining new copies, 2 methods are used. Propagation by cuttings For propagation by cuttings, the most beautiful and healthy shoots are selected. Chopped cuttings root well at any time of the year.

Stages of work:

  1. A young and healthy shoot is cut at an angle of 45 °.
  2. Most of the leaves and all buds and flowers should be removed.
  3. The stalk is placed in cold boiled water.
  4. After 7-10 days, small roots will appear on the handle.
  5. Prepared cuttings are planted in moistened soil.
  6. In the grown shoots, pinch the top so that the plant begins to branch.

The root system of a young flower will form in 2-3 months, fill the entire space of the pot and the balsam will begin to bloom profusely. Propagation of balsam by cuttings is a quick way to get a new collection.

Seed propagation

Seeds are sown in moist soil. To create a greenhouse effect and retain the moisture needed for these flowers, it is recommended to cover the seed pot with plastic. Seeds germinate in a bright and warm place, so the container should be placed on the windowsill.

Planting seeds in special peat tablets is a guarantee of good germination and intensive plant growth.

After the first shoots appear, and this will happen 10 days after planting the seeds, the greenhouse must be regularly ventilated. You can transplant seedlings into other pots only after the first pair of true leaves appear on them.

Both methods of reproduction are effective, only the seed method is long enough in time.

Pests and diseases

Balsams, like other plants, can be affected by pests and diseases.

Plant pests:

  1. Aphid. If aphids appear on the stems and leaves of the balsam, it is recommended to remove the insects and spray the plant with a weak solution of laundry soap. In this case, the flowers will lose their decorative effect, so they should be removed.
  2. Whitefly is a dangerous pest that leads to the death of a plant. Flower growth slows down, leaves curl, dry and fall off. Signs of whitefly damage: (yellowish or whitish spots on the leaves, discoloration of stems, deformation of plants, falling leaves, buds, flowers, overgrowth of a flower). To get rid of the whitefly, you need to increase the humidity near the plant and spray the bush with insecticides or garlic infusion. Adults can be captured with yellow sticky tape.
  3. Spider mite. This pest is so small that it cannot be seen with the naked eye. Only by the thin web on the underside of the leaf can it be understood that the plant is affected by a spider mite. They get rid of the pest by spraying the plant with soapy water or chemicals.

Timely air humidification, proper care will help prevent the appearance of spider mites, aphids and whiteflies.

Possible maintenance difficulties:

  1. Decay of roots. As a result of waterlogging of the soil, especially at low temperatures and poor lighting, the root system of the plant can rot. In winter, you need to monitor the indoor temperature. If it begins to drop below 15 ° C, water the plant sparingly, only after the earthen coma has dried.
  2. Falling leaves. Prolonged waterlogging or irregular watering and pests can cause foliage to fall.
  3. Weak bloom. Insufficient lighting, low temperatures, premature transplantation and lack of nutrients can affect the abundant flowering of balsam.
  4. Leaves drooped indicate a lack of moisture. After watering the plant, turgor is restored.

With competent and careful care, balsam will become a decoration of the windowsill and will delight with flowering all year round.

An interesting video about growing balsam:


Watch the video: Beautiful Home garden tourHanging plantsIndoor plantsTerrace garden ideasDIY [email protected] koshy (December 2021).