We grow ourselves: bearded carnation, or Turkish

The bearded carnation is one of the most ancient plants. In Russia, it grows in the European part, in the Far East, in the Ciscaucasia.

They call it "bearded" for the presence of bracts on each flower, decorated along the edge like cilia.


  • Description of the plant
  • Growing: methods and features
  • Carnation varieties

Description of the plant

The plant is biennial, although it is used as a perennial plant and has the ability to grow up to 10 years in one place. Stems are fleshy, knotty, straight, grow in large numbers from one rosette. The height of the stems ranges from 40 to 60 cm. The green or slightly reddish leaves are located opposite each other. The special charm of the carnation lies in its extraordinary colors: from white and cream to burgundy, in various combinations. Fragrant and incredibly beautiful, in the first year they form a rosette, bloom in the second year.

Flowers are collected in inflorescences with a diameter of 8-12 cm. Starting from about the end of July, blooms for a month. The seeds ripen in August and are flat in shape. Carnation looks good in flower beds and when cut.

Grows well in fertile soils and on the sunny side. At the same time, it can grow in partial shade, on non-acidic loamy soils. Does not tolerate waterlogging. Resistant to cold weather, does not require shelter for the winter. However, in winter it is damaged by mice, which hide in dense dry stems.

Carnation looks good in flower beds and when cut. With the help of carnations, spectacular borders are obtained, they are used to create colorful flower beds, they are planted on alpine hills (carnations also take root and grow on rocky soils). The bearded carnation can act as a ground cover plant and form a lawn. It is used to decorate retaining walls and any stony structures.

Growing: methods and features

One of the ways to propagate a bearded (Turkish) carnation is to grow it from seeds.

Carnation seeds are small, flat, dark brown or black in color. Seeds are planted in a greenhouse in cold ground in early April or already in warm ground on a ridge in late June - early July. Shoots appear in 8-10 days. Without regular watering, the young plant will wither and die - this is the basic rule of growing carnations from seeds. The plant is transplanted to a permanent place of growth in the month of September.

By this time, it will have a well-developed leaf mass and a strong branched root system. It is advisable to plant the planting according to the scheme of 20x25 cm.With this arrangement, the plants will not interfere with each other during the period of active growth, and at the same time they will support the stems in an upright position, preventing them from falling to the ground.

Turkish carnation (bearded) - vegetative propagation

If you don't feel like messing around with seedlings, you can vegetatively breed carnations. In early spring, cuttings can be carried out: young shoots without leaves are dropped into the ground, leave the top with leaves, and watered well. After a while, the carnation will start to grow.

Another way, no less easy. In mid-August, leaves are cut off from young shoots (except for the top), the stems are laid out on the soil around the bush and covered with a layer of fertile soil so that only leafy tips remain at the top. With this method of planting, the carnation will grow in this place for about 10 years, while maintaining the size of the flowers and not thinning out.

Carnation varieties

Turkish carnation in its species diversity is simply impossible to describe. Let's just dwell on some facts.

Scientists are actively involved in breeding work with a bearded carnation. Of the latest developments, it should be noted:

  • Bodestolz Pink Shades
  • Heritage Crimcon variety series (Hiritage Crimcon)

The Dutch company Kieft Seeds has launched a new variety of Noverna carnations. This variety of bearded carnations blooms in the first year. Flowers of various colors, large.

Of the varieties most used in Russia, the following should be named:

  • Coal - very dark, raspberry-violet-black color of flowers, stem height 55-65 cm.
  • Surprise - terry variety mixture of flowers of various colors
  • Mazurka - white non-double carnation
  • Chardash - scarlet, with dense inflorescences
  • Midget is a dwarf variety with dark red flowers

Turkish bearded carnation is a real decoration of any plot or flower bed. When using different varieties, the main thing will be to know exactly which carnation is tall, and which is medium and short, so as not to accidentally plant a dwarf carnation in the center, and a tall one on the curb.

When planting a bearded carnation, it is absolutely not necessary to select them by color: the motley carpet that they form, or a contrasting combination will always be appropriate. After all, the second name - Turkish - was given to the carnation for a reason. Turkey is a sea of ​​light, water and impossible color combinations.

Informative video about Turkish carnation:

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