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Chrysanthemum in a pot: care and cultivation in indoor conditions


Chrysanthemum is considered a rather beautiful and unpretentious perennial plant to care for. These flowers can be grown not only on a personal plot, but also at home using pots for this purpose.

Content:

  • Basic care
  • Reproduction of indoor chrysanthemums
  • The subtleties of autumn flower care

Basic care

Chrysanthemum is quite unpretentious to care for. These flowers are very fond of fresh air and coolness, so the balcony is considered the best place to grow them. If flowers are grown in a room, it is necessary to ventilate the room more often. Chrysanthemums tolerate cold well, but do not freeze them.

Increased temperature affects chrysanthemums destructively, the flower stops blooming and begins to fade before our eyes, therefore, when growing chrysanthemums at home, it is recommended to observe a temperature regime not exceeding + 15 ° C. It is necessary to shade the flower from the sun, but do not completely isolate it from the sunlight, which is necessary for the buds to open.

Chrysanthemum is a moisture-loving plant, from which it follows that the soil must be moist, but do not overdo it, do not allow the soil to become damp. It is enough to water the flowers twice a week in the evening, so that the leaves have time to dry before sunrise. You can refresh the plant with a spray bottle. This method is one of the highlights in the care of potted chrysanthemums. It is recommended to remove (cut off) the faded stems.

When caring for a chrysanthemum at home, do not forget about transplanting a flower. It is recommended to replant young plants once a year, and older ones once every two years.

There is no need to select a special soil composition for growing chrysanthemums. It is enough to mix sand, humus and sod (sand makes up no more than 20% of the total mass). To improve flowering, it is recommended to add bird droppings to the ground.

Reproduction of indoor chrysanthemums

Reproduction of chrysanthemums in room conditions occurs in two ways:

  • By dividing
  • By cuttings

The first method is considered to be the simplest. From the moment when the shoots have entered the stage of active growth, division can begin. In spring, up to 6 young shoots can be obtained from one chrysanthemum bush. To separate the shoots, you need to remove the plant from the pot, carefully separate the shoots (each must have a root) and transplant them into pots filled with fertile soil. After transplanting, the plants must be watered.

Cutting is considered a more time-consuming process that requires additional labor costs. Cuttings about 10 cm long are separated from the main bush, which are planted in the soil. It is recommended to root the cuttings in the shade, having previously covered them with glass or film. Do not allow the room temperature to rise above 20 ° C. After the roots appear, the cuttings can be transplanted from disposable cups into pots. The volume of the pot should not exceed 200 grams.

Before planting in pots, the cuttings must be dipped in powder from wood ash or coal, you do not need to spray. To form a bush, it is recommended to pinch the plant.

During the period of flower growth, it is recommended to periodically water and spray them. If the plant does not branch, it is recommended to pin the top. After this manipulation, the plant will begin to give lateral shoots. It is recommended to support the plant by tying them to stakes. After the flowers have taken root, there is no need to spray them, because they tolerate dry room air without any problems.

The subtleties of autumn flower care

Since autumn, chrysanthemums need feeding. First of all, treatment with an organophosphate insecticide is recommended. Treatment must be carried out three times with an interval of 4 days. After that, you can make top dressing in the form of phosphorus and potassium (once every 10 days). Flowers do not need frequent watering. It is enough to water it once every few days after the topsoil has dried (2 cm).

It is recommended to carry out transshipment at the end of September. To do this, it is necessary, without breaking the main earthen coma, to slightly shake off the ground so that the ends of the roots are bare. After that, you can safely transplant flowers into pots, the volume of which is 1 liter. It is worth noting the fact that drainage in pots is required.

In the autumn period, special attention should be paid to the inspection of the bushes. Like all chrysanthemum plants, they are susceptible to diseases and pest attacks. At this time of the year, aphids can enter the room through the window. You can get rid of ticks and aphids with a solution of feverfew and soapy water.

For its preparation, it is necessary to dissolve 200 g of pyrethrum powder in 10 liters of water. This solution must be infused for at least 12 hours. You can also use drugs designed specifically to kill these pests.

Chrysanthemum bushes bloom in October and can last until mid-January. It is recommended to remove withered flowers. After the first wave of flowering has ended, the flowers need rest. For this, it is recommended to place the plant in a dark, cool place.

A basement can serve as an ideal solution to this issue. It is in such a room that you can leave the plant so that it can gain strength. Remember to water the plant so it doesn't dry out. At this time, the chrysanthemum will be preparing for the spring period and gaining strength for active reproduction. After a while, you can cut new cuttings.

Chrysanthemums may start blooming again in February. At the same time, the shoots formed from the roots begin to grow.

By following these easy rules, you can be confident that your favorite flowers will grow and bloom normally.

Indoor chrysanthemum care video:


Watch the video: How to Care for Potted Mums Indoors (January 2022).