Tigridia are not often used by domestic gardeners and in vain. Compositions of these flowers look spectacular near coniferous plantations, lawns and water bodies.
- Description of the plant and types of tigridia
- Planting and leaving
Description of the plant and types of tigridia
Tigridia flowers have bright colors and unusual patterns. The plant got its name because of the flower pharynx, the color of which resembles tiger.
In nature, there are about 20 species of tigridia, each of them differs in the shape of a flower, a stem and, most importantly, color. For the first time, the plant came to our country from Central and South America.
In the gardens of our country, tigridia is rarely grown, this is due to the fact that its flower blooms only for 8 hours. For a new flower to appear, you will have to wait about 5 days. If a large area of the site is planted with a plant, then a high decorative effect can be achieved due to the fact that each plant blooms at different times. Therefore, the site with tigridium will delight the eye for the entire period from late July to August.
The structure of the tigridia is clearly visible. Outside, it consists of three large petals of a uniform color, and inside there are three small spotted petals. The shape of the leaves of the tigridia is xiphoid, light green in color. Lanceolate leaves have a large number of folds, which also looks attractive.
In garden plots, peacock tigridia is most often grown, or as it is also called pavonia tigridia. The height of an individual individual reaches 50 centimeters. Despite the fact that the plant is exotic, it does not require special growing conditions, all the rules of care are identical to the gladiolus.
Gardeners were also able to cultivate 5 more species of tigridia in our conditions, these are:
- Alba has large white flowers, red in the middle. The size of the opened bud is about 15 cm. Canaryensis is also not a bright color, more muted, inside is red, the size is identical to the alba.
- Auer has yellow flowers, inside they are also red, during the flowering period the bud grows up to 15 cm. Lilicea has pink petals and a bright core.
- Tigridium tubular has a shorter stem in comparison with other species, the leaves are also small and narrow. The color of the flowers is pale pink.
Planting and leaving
Tigridia are grown from bulbs. When purchasing bulbs, you need to carefully inspect for damaged areas, if there are not so many of them, then they are cut off. Then the onion is soaked in the Maxim solution for 2 hours. This is necessary to protect tigridia from fusarium and gray rot.
Drainage is laid out in the pots and nutritious soil is poured. The bulbs are planted at the bottom in several pieces (up to 4 in one pot), sand is poured under the bottom. If the bulb has been soaked, then the moisture received from the solution will be enough for it, if not, then the soil is moistened. After that, the pot is covered with plastic and sent to a warm place.
After 3 days, arrows should appear, this means that the containers with the bulbs can be rearranged on the windowsill, water is poured into the pan.
In the spring, when the weather is warm and the threat of cold snaps blows, tigridia can be transplanted into open ground. The area should not be exposed to direct sunlight, which can damage delicate flowers, but there should be enough light. A landing pit is dug 60 cm in size, drainage and a layer of horse manure are laid out on the bottom, then loose earth can be poured.
When the flowering period is over, wilted flowers and seed boxes are cut off. While the plant is blooming, it needs regular watering, this is done in the evening with warm water, in no case should moisture stagnation be allowed. When the plants are completely blooming, watering stops.
With the onset of autumn, the corms need to be dug up and stored in a cool room. This is done after all the leaves of the tigridia wilt.
The old bulb dies off by autumn, 5 new ones appear instead, the number 5 corresponds to the number of mother scales. The bulbs are washed from the ground and put into the Maxim solution for half an hour, dried. Then they can all be put together in a paper bag and placed in the refrigerator. From time to time they need to be taken out and examined in order to eliminate the spoiled ones.
For a private home, store the bulbs in a sand box in the basement. If the room is too humid and not ventilated, then the bulbs can be hung in a nylon netting.
The soil for growing tigridia needs loose, fertile, moderately moist with moderate acidity. Sandy and loamy soils are best suited. In advance, humus and peat, manure, mineral fertilizers are introduced into it, to reduce acidity, the soil is lime.
Most of all, tigridia does not tolerate return frosts and stagnant moisture. Therefore, the best time for planting is no later than May, and it is advisable to add vermiculite and sand to the soil.
Tigridia reproduces by seeds and corms. To achieve earlier flowering at home, seeds are planted for seedlings. After all, if you plant the bulbs in early or mid-spring, then in the case of a decrease in temperature, they will die off.
Many plants do not recommend growing from seeds, since it is difficult to achieve a high percentage of germination. But this does not apply to tigridia. If tigridia is grown from seeds, then the rules of care are greatly simplified.
Seeds can be planted even in winter, then strong, healthy bulbs will be obtained by autumn. For propagation from seeds, use ordinary planting soil purchased in the store. You can also make it yourself from cultivated sod land, peat and sand.
The planting containers are filled with soil and sowing begins. Seeds are scattered over the surface and a little sprinkled with earth. There should be a distance of about 5-6 cm between the seeds, so in the future it will be much easier to care for the seedlings and then replant them.
The most important thing when growing tigridia from seeds is timely moisture. If everything was done correctly, then seedlings will appear in 3 weeks. To prevent stagnation of water, there should be drainage holes in the seed container. Seedlings are transferred to open ground in May.
An adult plant needs feeding, they are done every two weeks, complex soluble fertilizer is best suited. It is applied at the very root, the intensity of flowering will depend on this. You can also fertilize tigridia on the leaves.
If the weather is windy, the plant is tied up to avoid breaking the fragile stem.
Earlier flowering is achieved by forcing the bulbs. In March, the bulbs are planted in a light substrate, in the near future they need abundant moisture.
If the soil is mulched with peat, dry grass or sawdust, this will allow:
- reduce the frequency of watering
- warm up the soil in spring and autumn
- increase flowering
- protect against drought
- protect against weeds
It is quite simple to propagate, grow and care for tigridia; every gardener can be proud of such an acquisition for his site. Growing tigridia is similar to growing gladioli. There is nothing difficult in this, the main thing is to ensure the safety of the bulbs.
Informative video about tigridia: