Kale is a plant belonging to the cabbage family and is known to many under such names as "gruncol" or "browncol". The main feature of this variety is that the cabbage does not have a so-called head of cabbage.
- Kale cabbage: features of the species
- Benefits of kale
- How to grow kale?
Kale cabbage: features of the species
Visually, it can resemble delicate lettuce leaves. There is an opinion that the kale variety is the closest relative of wild cabbage. Their external similarity also testifies to this. However, where exactly the history of the appearance of this vegetable originates is still not known.
From the beginning of the second year of its life, the plant produces flowers. The leaves themselves take on a greenish or purple color. Cabbage is incredibly resistant to sudden changes. She feels quite normal both at -7 degrees and +27 degrees Celsius. This allows you to grow crops in different climatic zones and latitudes without any problems.
Despite the high content of nutrients and trace elements, this variety of cabbage is not often found in famous restaurant dishes. For use in cooking, in cafes and other catering establishments, Brussels sprouts or broccoli are often used. However, underestimating the benefits of eating kale is simply unforgivable. Its leaves contain a colossal amount of trace elements necessary for the body.
Kale is a special kind of cabbage. The soft and tender leaves of the plant are often used for food. The stem is somewhat harder and coarser, and therefore harder to handle. Also, this variety of cabbage is grown as a forage crop or used purely for decorative purposes, due to its fresh, attractive and original appearance.
Benefits of kale
The benefits of feces for the human body are many times greater than the decorative capabilities of this cabbage variety. In terms of the content of useful microelements, it can be called a leader among vegetables.
- Digestible Protein Contains Many Amino Acids
- Fatty acids OMEGA-3
- Vitamins A and C Needed for the Body
- Highly Bioavailable Calcium
- Magnesium - helps to strengthen the cardiovascular system
- Glucoraphanin is a substance with anticarcinogenic and antibacterial properties
- Indole-3-carbinol - an element known for its multiple health benefits
This variety of cabbage is useful for:
- With insufficient protein intake, low calorie diet, and adherence to a vegetarian diet
- With a calcium deficiency in the body
- Benefits as a Primary Source of Antioxidants
- For the prevention of vision diseases, as well as with high visual loads (working at a computer, reading and filling out documentation, etc.)
- When included in the usual diet, for the purpose of prevention and general strengthening of the body
- With obesity, in order to reduce the total calorie intake
At the moment, the beneficial properties of kale are carefully studied by specialists from multiple scientific institutions and medical institutions. Its effectiveness has already been revealed in the treatment of certain diseases, including vision diseases, chemical and other poisoning, as well as a number of other painful conditions.
How to grow kale?
This variety of cabbage is extremely unpretentious to growing conditions. It is able to grow in almost any climatic conditions and easily adapts to any type of soil. However, cabbage thrives best in sandy, peaty or medium-clay soil that is rich in nutrients. Organic fertilizers and additives are practically not required.
As a rule, cabbage is planted after harvesting other vegetable crops that have already matured by the end of July. Indeed, it is from the beginning of July to the beginning of August that the season lasts most favorable for planting feces. The August landing gives a good result, subject to good weather in September-October.
Seedlings are best grown outdoors. After germination, 2.2% fertilizer is applied to make the shoots stronger and stronger. The best time to sow is 5-6 weeks before transplanting.
A favorable time for harvesting is early February. After all, it acquires its true taste properties only with the beginning of the first frosts. When harvesting, only the upper part of the plant is removed, leaving the roots in the ground.
Kale cabbage is unpretentious and does not require special care. It can be grown even under indoor conditions, in a container sufficient for the full development of the root system.
Video about the beneficial properties and uses of kale: