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Brovallia: features of home cultivation and reproduction


Brovallia belongs to the Solanaceae family and stands on the same step as the petunia. In total, there are 6 types of plants in nature, but only beautiful brovallia is suitable for home cultivation.

Colombia is considered the birthplace of Brovallia, it was from there that it was brought to Europe. Under natural conditions, it is widespread in South and Central America.

Content:

  • Description of the plant
  • Brovallia care
  • Breeding features

Description of the plant

Brovallia is an annual plant; in the wild, it can grow up to 1.5 meters in height. At home, it grows as small bushes. To make them more luxuriant and better branch, periodically pinch the stems. They decorate balconies with Brovallia and simply place them in pots on windowsills.

The main decorative value of brovallia is in its flowering. If you provide her with proper care and good conditions, then during the flowering period the entire shrub will be strewn with bright purple flowers. Depending on the species, the flowers can be white, purple or blue.

The flowering period lasts surprisingly long, while another plant has a flowering period ranging from 3 weeks to 2 months, while brovallia has a flowering period of 16 to 18 months, that is, up to a year and a half. Even in winter, brovallia does not shed flowers and foliage, only the color of the plant may be less bright due to low light.

Home brovallia blooms only once, after which it is considered old. The life cycle lasts only two years, but it can be extended by multiplying the flower.

The most common types of brovallia are:

  • Beautiful (gorgeous)
  • Large-flowered
  • Pubescent
  • Sticky
  • Sapphire
  1. At home, beautiful brovallia is grown. The color can vary from white to purple, the pedicels are long, up to 2.5 cm. The length of the leaves is up to 6 cm, blooms throughout the year.
  2. Large-flowered brovallia is an annual plant, the height of the bush reaches 50 cm, the flowers are white or blue, the flowering period is from November to January.
  3. Brovallia pubescent blooms profusely, flowers are either blue or purple, the diameter of each individual flower reaches 2.5 cm.
  4. Brovallia sticky grows up to 30 cm, the shrub is very dense, the flowers are small, but in large quantities. The name comes from the sticky stem of the flower. The flowering period lasts from November to February.
  5. Brovallia sapphire is so named because of the sapphire color of numerous flowers, the plant height is on average 20-25 cm.

Brovallia care

Brovallia is an unpretentious plant. Caring for it is very simple and consists in the timely removal of dried leaves and faded flowers.

If the cultivation is carried out in the garden, then flowering will last until the frosty days. Periodically, the ends of the shoots can be pinched to shape the plant and to enhance branching.

The plant is poisonous, so all operations must be carried out with gloves, and then wash your hands. The plant loves when old shoots are completely cut off. To make brovallia seem more lush at home, you can plant several bushes in one pot, and in the garden in small groups.

Brovallia loves light areas, but not open ones. It is best to provide her with partial shade so that the rays of the sun do not burn the leaves. Brovallia is not demanding on the soil, it loves moisture. In the summer, it must be provided with abundant watering, but in the winter, stop watering in order to avoid root rot.

The plant does not like hot weather, it is good if the ambient temperature reaches 20 degrees, and in winter 10-15 degrees. If the brovallia is hot, this can be understood by the yellowed, dried leaves, the flower can bloom in such conditions, but the flowering will not be so plentiful, there will be very few buds. If the humidity in the room is too low, then whitefly and spider mites may form on the leaves, sometimes a scabbard appears.

If the room is dry, then the plant can be sprayed, but this is done very carefully so that moisture does not get on the flowers, otherwise stains may appear.

Brovallia needs to be fertilized every two weeks. You can use an all-purpose liquid fertilizer for houseplants. Brovallia is fertilized only during the flowering period.

Brovallia is an annual plant, which means that after flowering it is replaced with a new flower that is grown from cuttings or seeds. It is advisable to plant new plants in soil consisting of sand and humus earth.

Breeding features

Throughout the year, brovallia can be vegetatively propagated, to be more precise by cuttings. The second, less common method is seed propagation. Seeds also do not have clear boundaries, when it is better to plant them, it can be summer or winter.

Depending on when the seeds were sown, the flowering period will also change. For example, in indoor cultivation, so that the plant begins to bloom as early as possible, seeds are sown in August, in garden cultivation in February. The seeds are not covered with earth as they need light to grow. After rooting, the processes need to be pinched.

To grow seedlings from seeds, you need to do the following measures: prepare loose, moist, peaty soil, put it in a bowl, then the seeds are sown at a great distance from each other, you do not need to cover with earth. Every day, the earth is sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle.

The dish is covered with glass or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and left in a well-lit place. Every day, the shelter should be removed for 1-2 hours. If the temperature in the room is kept at the level of 22-25 degrees, then the first shoots will appear in 10 days.

When the seedlings germinate well, they are transplanted one at a time into narrow pots. When constant warm weather sets in in spring, the brovallia can be transplanted to a permanent place in the garden or in pots and containers.

If the seeds are being prepared for growing in the open field, then before sowing they need to be soaked in warm water for several days. This is necessary to increase germination and accelerate the germination process. First, the flowers are provided with a closed greenhouse, then open air is left.

Interesting video about brovallia:


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