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Ampel fuchsia: popular varieties, features of cultivation and reproduction


The beautiful long stems of plants hanging from a hanging planter have recently become popular. Their name comes from the German word for a hanging flower vase. One of them is ampelous fuchsia.

Content:

  • The history of the appearance of fuchsia, its types
  • Growing ampelous fuchsia
  • Diseases and pests

The history of the appearance of fuchsia, its types

Accustomed to the magnificent fuchsia flowers growing on the windowsills, we do not even admit that the well-known herbs ivan-tea, fireweed and even nondescript circe are its close relatives. Decorative fuchsia came to us from the tropical forests of Central and South America. Its fruits were used as food by the ancient Aztecs. She came to us through England just two hundred years ago.

Ampel fuchsia was bred not so long ago. There are terry, semi-double and simple types. Common colors of her colors:

  • red
  • pink
  • white
  • purple
  • Holly's Beauty white, Pink Galore and Southgate pink
  • red Bicentennial and Marinka
  • white and pink Bella Rosella and Sir Matt Busby,
  • red-purple Maori Maid and Dark Eyes,
  • red and white Swingtime

Growing ampelous fuchsia

The pickiness of fuchsia allows even a novice amateur florist to grow it. She loves moderate sunlight and feels comfortable even in partial shade. The shade affects only the abundance of its flowering, but not at all on health. The plant loves average room temperature and the absence of drafts. Often ampelous fuchsia is grown to decorate the facades of buildings and summer cottages.

She is very supportive of the fresh air. The only thing that the plant does not accept and does not tolerate well is the slightest interference with its dormancy during flowering. Fuchsia is undesirable to transfer from place to place, outweigh, transplant and just twirl relative to the light source. Otherwise, she will be offended and drop her flowers.

Ampel fuchsia care

  • A more unpretentious plant is difficult to find. Ampel fuchsia will adapt to any microclimate, watering and lighting. When caring for her, you must adhere to several rules:
  • exclude direct sunlight
  • exclude any movement of the plant during flowering
  • create the most acceptable temperature in winter, 8-10 degrees, in summer - 20;
  • watering in combination with spraying
  • regular feeding with complex fertilizers every two weeks during flowering
  • remove withered flowers to provoke further budding
  • regular rejuvenating pruning, avoiding exposing the stems
  • timely detection and control of pests and diseases

Reproduction of ampelous fuchsia

Florists prefer fuchsia propagation by cuttings. Growing flowers from seeds is possible, but it is a very laborious process and is only used for breeding purposes. Young, non-lignified plant stems are suitable for propagation by cuttings. The stalk is placed in water, after removing the leaves to exclude their rotting.

To avoid premature depletion of the cuttings caused by lack of moisture, the remaining leaves are pruned to reduce moisture loss. It is better to take thawed or rainwater for rooting. As a last resort, tap water must be defended or filtered. On average, the root formation process takes about two weeks.

You can immediately plant the prepared stalk in the ground, without waiting for the roots to appear in the water. In this case, cover the pot with cellophane for two weeks. Fuchsia, although an undemanding plant, is best reproduced in the spring. In hot summer weather, this process can be delayed.

Diseases and pests

With low air humidity, fuchsia does not feel very comfortable. A weakened plant can be affected by spider mites, aphids. But most often it is attacked by the whitefly. It is dangerous not only because it sucks the juices from the plant. She is a carrier of viral diseases.

To prevent and control a small amount of all pests, a soap solution can be used. Spider mites do not like spraying with plain warm water. It is necessary to spray the leaves of the plants on both sides. In case of mass defeat, the help of insecticides will be required.

Yellow leaves of ampelous fuchsia may indicate a violation of photosynthesis in the plant. This could be due to overflow or a lack of minerals. With good drainage and regular feeding, this disease is excluded.

Healthy fuchsia roots should be white. Brown indicates overflow. The plant cannot be treated, it must be thrown away. Having picked up several types of ampelous fuchsia, you can create magnificent original ensembles that will delight the owners and arouse the admiration of their guests. This plant is ideal in its beauty and pickiness for any, even the most demanding, aesthete.

The subtleties of fuchsia care, see the video:


Watch the video: The Northern BFS Fuchsia Show 2017 (January 2022).