Pelargonium scented is often described as geranium. You can understand why many beginners and even professional growers confuse these two flowers, pelargonium and geranium belong to the same Geramiaceae family, and it is very difficult to distinguish them in appearance. Their leaves are the same shape, have the same structure, they bloom in a similar way - so what's the difference?
- Pelargonium fragrant
- Growing pelargonium at home
- Reproduction of geraniums
The following genera belong to the Geraniev family:
- Stork (Zhuravelnik)
It turns out geranium and pelargonium are two different kinds. They can be distinguished by the shape of their flowers, in the wild they grow in different territories and express different resistance to cold weather.
Fragrant pelargonium is an evergreen shrub, it has a densely branched stem, reaching a maximum height of 90 cm. At the base, the stem is woody, then pubescent. The lower leaves are located opposite, the upper ones are alternately, petioles are hairy.
Pelargonium is famous for its pleasant aroma of rose oil, it comes from the essential oil contained in the stem and leaves of the plant. Flowers are collected in an umbrella inflorescence, peduncles are long, each flower has 10 stamens and 1 pistil.
The corolla comes in a variety of colors, from white to red. Pelargonium came to us from South Africa, in artificial conditions they began to grow it not so much because of its decorative properties, but in order to obtain essential oil. The flower is unpretentious, easily multiplies and takes root quickly. In a warm climate, pelargonium is grown on an industrial scale.
Applications of pelargonium
Pelargonium belongs to essential oil plants. Essential oil is widely used in soap making, cosmetic and perfumery production. Much less often, the flower is used in folk medicine and cooking. The concentrate released from the essential oil is even used for dyeing leather goods.
So, why is the essential oil of pelargonium and other geraniums so useful? First of all, it increases physical and mental performance. Helps to restore emotional state, works as a sedative.
It is used for psychological and mental disorders, helps to fight the state of anxiety and fear, to cope with chronic fatigue and overwork. In some way, geranium and pelargonium oil is an antidepressant.
Plant oil helps to feel more confident, overcome complexes, stop being sensitive to changes in the surrounding world. After a hard, stressful day, the oil helps to relax and restore a favorable aura.
Using oil in cosmetology, the goal is to combat rashes, flaking, inflammation and other damage, ideal for sensitive skin. Helps fight dry eczema, burns and frostbite, as it has regenerating properties.
Pelargonium helps fight parasites, so its oil is used in the treatment of fungus and head lice. ENT doctors also recommend geranium oil for the treatment of diseases of the middle ear, tonsils and pharynx. The oil is great for relieving headaches and migraines. If aromatherapy is carried out for a long time, it is possible to achieve the normalization of blood pressure and the functions of the heart muscle.
Also, the oil has an analgesic and decongestant effect, lowers blood sugar levels, and helps to stop the growth of tumor cells.
Growing pelargonium at home
If pelargonium has appeared at home, then for its growth and development it will be necessary to provide special conditions:
- good lighting
- proper watering
- lack of spraying
- air temperature not lower than 12 degrees
- pinching, trimming
Pelargonium loves light and warm windowsills, room temperature is suitable for the plant, but in winter it will best tolerate coolness, about 8-10 degrees Celsius.
If there is not enough light, then the plant will stop blooming or will give very small and rare flowers, not so bright. If the plant is at home, then it is better to protect it from direct sunlight, which it will perfectly tolerate when outdoors in the fresh air. Pelargonium loves space, so it is worth taking care that other plants do not interfere with it.
Water the flower should be when the soil dries up. With an excess of water, the roots can rot, which can be understood by the weakened sluggish leaves. In winter, the plant is rarely watered. Pelargonium easily tolerates a lack of water, so it would be better to have little than an excess.
The soil for geraniums should be nutritious; for self-preparation, they use garden soil, peat and sand. A large layer of drainage is laid at the bottom of the pot; from time to time, the soil must be loosened to provide oxygen access to the roots.
It is very important to choose the right pot size, it depends on the size of the root system. It will be better for geraniums if the pot is small. If the pot is spacious, then the plant does not grow so actively and does not bloom so brightly and profusely.
To make the shrub more lush and beautiful in shape, a pinch is done, at which the growth point is removed. The pinching is done in February or March. Pelargonium must be fed. During the period of active growth, it is necessary to apply liquid mineral fertilizers, they should contain a minimum of nitrogen and a maximum of phosphorus.
Reproduction of geraniums
Pelargonium reproduces in two ways: vegetatively and by seed. In the first case, green cuttings are used.
Green cuttings for propagation are taken from March to September. Rooting will occur in 7-14 days. If semi-lignified cuttings are taken, then the sampling period is from August to October, and rooting will last up to 3 weeks. The average cutting length is 5 cm.
With a sharp knife, you need to cut off the stalk, 3 top leaves are left, the rest are removed. Slices need to be treated with charcoal or sulfur to dry the slices, one day in the fresh air will be enough.
Petioles are planted in plastic cups with drainage holes. This is done for a reason, transparent walls allow you to control the level of soil moisture and the appearance of roots. Coconut fiber is placed in a glass and placed in a warm fungicide solution to make the fiber wet, and then we wait one day for it to dry.
The stalk must be set deep so that the edges reach the bottom. At first, the stalk may be lethargic, but after 3-4 days its condition will be restored. The glass should be placed away from the window, but in a bright place. Water is poured only into the sump. The plant will take root faster if the indoor temperature reaches 24 degrees.
Rooted cuttings can be moved into small pots and transferred to greenhouses or windows.
Any plant is much harder to grow from seed, but trying is not torture. The seeds are sown in a container during the winter, from December to February. You can prepare the soil yourself by mixing peat with river sand; clean peat is also suitable. In three weeks, seedlings will already appear. All this time, the soil is regularly moistened. It is necessary to make a greenhouse effect, that is, cover the container with glass or film.
The sprout is transferred to a separate container when at least three leaves appear on it. When more than 6 leaves appear, the plant can be pinched to start branching.
As we can see, it is very easy to grow pelargonium, in every house you can create favorable conditions for it. The essential oil obtained from geranium leaves is very beneficial for all body systems.
How to choose scented pelargonium and how to grow it, see the video: