Ismena is a beautiful and delicate flower with an original inflorescence shape. You can grow this plant on a windowsill, in the open field, in winter gardens and greenhouses.
- The flower of ischanging (ischanging)
- Growing on a windowsill. Growing in the garden
- Bulb germination and propagation
The flower of ischanging (ischanging)
Ismena is a fairly tall flower and sometimes can reach 80 cm. The leaves are large, up to 50 cm long. The color is bright green. The plant produces several peduncles, about 60 cm high. At the end of each, from 3 to 6 fragrant flowers are formed. In shape, the flowers resemble a wild lily, but inside they are similar to a daffodil.
In the center there is a gramophone, and along the outer edge there are long curled petals. The middle of the gramophone has green streaks. Most often, the flowers are white, but there are varieties with cream, yellow and multi-colored inflorescences. You can also find isme, changing its color as it blooms from white to cream. Some varieties have purple, pink or yellow blotches on the petals.
Depending on the variety, flowering can be amicable or alternate. In the open field, the plant blooms even in cool or cloudy summers. Planting is most often done with bulbs. If the bulb is adult, then at the beginning of summer the plant produces flower stalks. Daughter bulbs bloom for 3 years. The buds are interconnected by a film shell, which breaks as they grow, allowing the flowers to move apart in different directions.
Each blossoming flower can reach up to 15 cm in diameter. With amicable flowering, a fairly large and beautiful ball is formed at the end of the arrow. Some varieties, such as Sufur, are distinguished by alternate opening, the period of which can last up to 3 weeks.
The plant, thanks to its large leaves, is beautiful and decorative even without flowers. In autumn, the leaves turn yellow, and the plant is harvested for winter rest. The bulbs are dug up or left in the ground, depending on the cultivation method.
Growing on a windowsill. Growing in the garden
Cultivation and change in indoor conditions is not difficult. For a flower, choose a spacious pot, fill it with turf soil with the addition of peat and a small amount of sand. There must be drainage and good holes in the bottom. Stagnation of water when caring for bulbous flowers is unacceptable.
The bulb is planted to a depth of about 5 cm. Ismena loves well-lit places, but is afraid of direct sunlight. It grows well at a temperature of 18-25 degrees. During the rest period, the pot is removed to a dark room, the temperature of which is from 10 to 14 degrees. Sometimes, the leaves do not die off, then the temperature is gradually reduced, which provokes yellowing of the foliage and the flower leaves for rest. For the rest period, feeding and watering are completely stopped.
In mid-February, the pot is returned to the windowsill. The bulb will react quickly to heat, watering and light. Green leaves can appear in a week. After regrowth of 5-10 cm, you can make the first mineral dressing. The plant especially needs additional nutrition during flowering. It is also important that the soil does not dry out and is always slightly damp. After the cessation of flowering, closer to autumn, watering is carried out less often and the plant is prepared for rest. They stop completely in October.
Despite the simplicity of agricultural technology, some growers consider the plant to be capricious and cannot create favorable conditions for it. It often happens that a plant pleases in the first year with abundant flowering, and in subsequent years only leaves are formed on it.
Growing in the garden
In the open field, it is grown only in well-lit places with fertile soil. Acidic, clayey soils with stagnant waters are not suitable. The bulbs are lightly moistened with water and left in a warm place to promote bud growth. But it is better to sprout it on purpose. Then, when planting in May and proper care, the change can bloom as early as the end of June.
Two types of cultivation are practiced:
- Directly in the open field
- In containers
- In open ground, the bulbs are planted in a hole to a depth of 3-5 cm.To prepare a suitable soil, a little humus and always river sand are introduced into it. The grounded onion is watered, sprinkled with dry earth on top so that a crust does not form. If the nights are cool, then before germination, the plant can be covered with a plastic bottle, jar or just cardboard. Adequate but moderate watering is important after germination. With a lack of moisture, the leaves become smaller, become lethargic, and lose their elasticity. They feed and change a couple of times a month, alternating universal mineral fertilizers for flower crops with mullein. Watering and feeding is carried out only until the end of flowering. In September, the bulbs are dug up, put in a box, sprinkled with peat. Store in the basement until spring. Sometimes the peat is lightly sprinkled to prevent the bulbs from drying out.
- Growing in containers is used for earlier flowering. Planting is carried out in March. The bulbs are planted so that the tip is at ground level. The containers are kept on the windowsill and looked after, similar to the indoor method. With the arrival of heat, the plants are taken out into the garden. Most often at the end of May, it pleases with flowering. To make the flowering last longer, the bulbs can be planted alternately at weekly intervals. At the end of the season, you can remove the plant to rest immediately in a container, or dig up the bulbs and prepare them for storage in the basement. After flowering, seed pods are formed, which should be removed immediately.
Bulb germination and propagation
- For germination, the bulbs are transferred to a warm place with a temperature of 15 to 20 degrees
- If they are sprinkled with peat, sawdust or sand, then the soil is moistened
- If the bulb is just purchased, then it is placed in a shallow box and covered with peat to the middle.
- Such germination helps to wake up the buds and accelerate the appearance of peduncles.
Propagation and change can be both seeds and bulbs. Seed propagation is long enough and you can get good flowering, at best, only for 5 years. It is more rational to use the method of propagation by daughter bulbs.
In no case should the bulbs be divided in the fall, otherwise they will not overwinter. The bulbs are laid for wintering together with the children, who receive the necessary nutrition for better preservation. In the spring, the bulbs are separated immediately after being transported to a warm place. Germination is carried out similarly to adults, planted, alternating children with mature bulbs.
Top dressing and watering are performed in the same way. With this method, change will delight you with flowering for 3 years. It happens that children do not appear on an adult bulb for several years, then you can divide it into several parts and plant in prepared soil.
For propagation by seeds, they are soaked in a little water. Sowed into prepared soil to a depth of 0.5 cm and grown on a windowsill. Small bulbs appear from the seeds in 3-4 months. Every year they are planted, looked after and sent to rest. A long waiting period for flowering is maintained for all growers, so this method is not very successful.
Ismena is a worthy plant for a home, garden or greenhouse. Beautiful, mesmerizing flowers can be used in single plantings or combined in flower beds with other garden plants. There are also varieties that, in addition to charming flowers, have a wonderful smell similar to vanilla.
A short video about the beautiful flower of ismen: