Roses are whimsical and delicate plants, but armed with the necessary knowledge about how to reproduce and grow them, it is easy to fulfill any fantasy: plant a rose garden of the varieties you like and even plant a rose, which is hard for the heart to part with.
The article describes in detail a method for propagating roses by cuttings. Gardeners find it more successful and effective than grafting. In addition, pink cuttings can be rooted regardless of the season: in winter, a decanter of water or an ordinary pot of earth is suitable for these purposes.
- How to prepare herbaceous summer cuttings
- Planting summer cuttings in open ground
- Autumn cuttings
How to prepare herbaceous summer cuttings
Propagation of roses by cuttings is more suitable for climbing, polyana and hybrid-polyana varieties.
Summer cuttings are desirable for propagation. Roses, like other woody plants, root better when the cuttings are still young and soft. It is better to start breeding at the moment when the buds are poured, immediately before flowering - at this time the shoot begins to lignify. In terms of timing, such a period falls on the first two summer months and depends on the type of climate and the selected variety of roses.
When sorting cuttings, relatively thin branches should be preferred. Cuttings are cut into three buds in order to get full-blooded plants that tolerate cold well in a year.
- The cut of the cutting is performed obliquely directly under the kidney, at a distance of 2 mm.
- The upper cut is made straight 10 mm above the kidney.
- To prevent the shoots from drying out, remove the excess leaves from the bottom and shorten the upper ones by 1/3.
- Remove thorns.
- In order for the cuttings to take root, they are tied and dipped in water or a special solution.
- Root buds in the form of white balls appear in 2-3 weeks. All this time, every 2-3 days it is necessary to change the water under the cuttings. Water should be boiled and cooled to room temperature.
After the emergence of root embryos, you can leave the cuttings in water for further root growth, or you can immediately transplant them into soil or a pot of soil. It is more expedient to plant the cutting in the prepared soil, since the long stay of the roots in the water deprives the plant of oxygen - the root will soon begin to rot.
Planting summer cuttings in open ground
Before transplanting the cuttings for further rooting in pots, they are treated with a manganese solution. Drainage or pebbles are placed at the bottom of the pots. The middle of the pot - the place where the root system of the plant will develop, should be filled with turf soil or special soil for roses. From above, with a layer of 3 fingers, the turf is covered with fine river sand.
The stalk is placed in the sand so that it does not touch the turf with its lower cut, otherwise it may die. Gardeners recommend planting each stalk separately.
If you plan to plant several cuttings at once in one box, you must maintain a gap of at least 8 cm between them.
Caring for planted summer cuttings
The planted cuttings of roses are covered with plastic bottles, having previously irrigated with water. Seedlings are placed in a warm room, excluding direct sunlight. The room temperature should be maintained between 23 and 25 degrees. To maintain the required moisture level, the bottles are periodically removed and the plants are sprayed with water, and they also make sure that the soil in the pots does not dry out.
The rooting period of pink cuttings depends on many factors, including the variety of roses. On average, successful rooting can be judged within a month after planting. At this time, you can begin to remove plastic bottles, allowing young plants to harden in the fresh air.
In the first year after breeding, it is not recommended to leave the plants overwintering in an open space. For the period of cold weather, the seedlings are again placed in the room and the necessary humidity is maintained and only in the spring of next year, with the onset of warm weather, they are planted in a flower garden on open ground.
The described method of growing roses is quite laborious, but the experience gained as a result of such cultivation will be useful for a long time.
Roses can be propagated in the fall. During the preparation of adult plants for wintering, the tops of the shoots are cut off. These shoots will act as future cuttings.
- The shoots on the mother plant should be no thicker than a pencil - this will provide the cuttings with good survival.
- The tools with which the sections will be performed must be pre-sharpened and disinfected with an alcohol solution and boiling water.
- Cuttings are selected with 3-5 developed buds.
- Shoots should be cut straight at the top and oblique at the bottom.
- The leaves provide oxygen to the cutting. If the plant is planned to be planted soon, you do not need to pick off the leaves.
- It is preferable to plant the cutting in a permanent place so that it does not have to take root twice.
- The cutting is planted so that it is located at an angle of 45% to the soil surface. A third of the cutting should remain above the ground.
- The planted plant is covered with a cut plastic bottle on top, in which ventilation holes should be made. If a harsh winter is expected, the bottle should be sprinkled with foliage or covered with lutrasil.
Wintering cuttings in the soil
For successful wintering of the cutting in the soil, it is necessary to make a hole 15 cm deep, the bottom of which is covered with a piece of cotton cloth. To make it easy to find the stalk in the spring, the landing site is fenced with small pegs. Leaves from the cuttings must be cut and laid out evenly on the bottom of the hole. After spreading, the branches are covered with a cloth and sprinkled with soil.
In the spring, when the soil thaws, the wintering sites for the cuttings are found guided by the pegs. A successfully overwintered stalk will have a thick build-up - a sign of suitability for planting.
Now everything is ready for planting on open ground or "cuttings". For a while, you can place the cuttings in a humid environment and add the growth stimulator Epin. Cellophane bags with holes for air circulation will help planted young plants to maintain the necessary moisture. In this form, the cuttings can be transported.
The subtleties of cuttings roses, see the video: