This beautiful plant was discovered in China, then it came to England in the middle of the last century. Three-lobed almonds were brought to the territory of the former USSR directly from China and England.
This plant has other names such as "Chinese Terry Plum", "Louisiana" and "Japanese Cherry". The last option is fundamentally incorrect, since this plant has nothing to do with sakura, but got its name from the pink inflorescences.
- External characteristics
- Diseases and pests
- Main varieties
Three-lobed almond looks like a small tree, no more than 3 meters high. The branches of the plant are very sprawling and stick out to the sides. Leaves grow on fruit-bearing branches, which are localized in bunches. They have a fuzzy three-lobed shape. More pronounced lobes are expressed on growth shoots.
Almond flowers grow in pairs, and they differ in a variety of shades - from dark pink to crimson. The flowers are simple in shape and no more than 2 cm in size. In the first half of May, the shrub blooms and continues to bloom for 2.5 weeks. When the leaves bloom, the plant stops blooming.
The fruit of the three-lobed almond has a rounded shape, no more than a centimeter in diameter. The stone is difficult to separate from the fetus, and is characterized by a slightly relief surface. Basically, this beautiful plant is grown only in botanical gardens, and it is almost impossible to find it among amateur gardeners.
Louisiana loves the sun's rays, so it is worth choosing a sufficiently sunny place for planting, while it is worth paying attention so that the future landing site is not open to all winds, since this plant does not really like drafts.
Louisiana is a plant that tolerates frost, but is very susceptible to variable weather. The plant will survive even frosty winters much better than, for example, an unstable winter with regular thaws. Drizzling rains or late frosts.
Three-lobed almonds are quite simple and unpretentious to care for, they tolerate transplanting well, they are not afraid of dry weather, they are resistant to various pests and are not susceptible to diseases.
Regular feeding is very important for this shrub. In the spring, Louisiana is usually fertilized with a solution of mullein, ammonium nitrate and urea (1 kg mullein is taken for 10 liters of water, 20 g of ammonium nitrate, 10 g of urea). In the autumn, 20 grams of potassium sulfate and double superphosphate are allocated for each square meter of soil.
On sandy soil, especially in spring, watering should be abundant enough, and on soils with clay - moderate. With abundant watering, it is worth remembering that you cannot soak the root collar. However, with a lack of moisture, the shrub blooms much less. When the top layer of the earth dries up, 10 liters per shrub can be considered sufficient water for irrigation. And we must not forget to regularly loosen the soil.
The plant is not afraid of pruning, so beautiful shoots are often used in bouquets. A prerequisite is the regular pruning of dry shoots and those that are affected by disease.
In a harsh and snowy winter, the ends of shoots and buds can freeze in Louisiana, and the root collar is also observed to decay.
You can dilute almonds using shoots. But it is worth paying attention to the fact that green shoots take root much better and easier than lignified ones, which are more demanding in care and soil. Reproduction is also possible by grafting, root shoots or layering.
Diseases and pests
The main enemy of Louisiana is aphids. Much less often there are cases of damage to almonds by a plum stalk and a leaf roll. For old plants, the plum bark beetle-sapwood is dangerous. He himself, as such, does not bring harm, but the passages created by insects in the bark can cause the plant to be damaged by fungal diseases.
Therefore, it is worth protecting the plant trunk from this pest in advance by treating it with a lime-clay solution.
At the very end of winter, when buds swell on the shoots of Louisiana, they can become food for the blue tit. Until the onset of spring, the bird can partially or completely peck all the buds from the plant. Therefore, it is worth thinking about feeding the birds, thereby preventing great harm to the plant.
The most common disease of the three-lobed almond is gray rot. It is imperative to get rid of damaged shoots and in no case prevent the formation of sporulation pads.
Plants that are in the shade or have very dense spreading branches can be susceptible to hole spot and plum rust. Under the same conditions, Louisiana can get a monilial burn. In order to avoid these diseases, the distance between the planted plants should be maintained so that the branches can freely ventilate.
- Three-lobed almond - "Captivity". It is a small spreading bush that reaches a height of two meters. The flowers of the plant are pink, 40 mm in diameter. Also, flowers have 40-42 petals and 10 sepals. Pedicel length is 8-10 mm. The plant blooms in early May, and blooms for two weeks. After the leaves bloom, the plant blooms. At the same time, the spectacular appearance of the plant is significantly reduced, since the color of the leaves creates a pale expressionless background. The fruit is a drupe, has a rounded shape, is slightly flattened on the sides, characterized by a deep maroon color. The fruits fall off completely.
- Three-lobed almond - "Kievskaya". This Louisiana variety is characterized by a large shrub size. The tree reaches a height of 3.5 meters. The flowers are slightly darker, unlike the previous species, but also have a pink tint. Flowers 35 mm in diameter have about 10-12 petals and 10 sepals. The peduncle reaches a length of 7 mm. In late April - early May, this plant begins to bloom. It is very colorful and abundant, and lasts for 7 days. At this time, an incredibly pleasant almond aroma spreads near the bush. The opening of flowers on the shoots occurs before the leaves bloom, therefore "Kievskaya" looks more impressive and bright than "Captivity".
- Three-lobed almond "In memory of Makhmet" (This variety got its name in honor of the teacher of the Ukrainian Agricultural Academy BM Makhmet, a characteristic feature of this variety are pale pink flowers)
- Three-bladed almonds "Chinese"
- Three-bladed almonds "Ruslana"
- Three-lobed almond "Vesnyanka"
The subtleties of cutting almonds in the video: