Over the centuries, breeders have developed a huge variety of violet varieties. And a worthy place among them is occupied by the variety of the goddess of beauty. Today we will learn the history of its creation, talk about the intricacies of care, as well as the main diseases that threaten the plant.
- Breeding Saintpaulia EK-goddess of beauty
- Features of growth and care
- Common diseases of violets
Breeding Saintpaulia EK-goddess of beauty
Saintpaulia or Usambara violet is native to Africa. It grows wild in the mountains of Tanzania and Kenya. Saintpaulia was first discovered in 1892 by the French nobleman Walter von Saint-Paul, who collected the seeds of the Usambara violet and mailed it to his father. He, in turn, passed them on to the botanist, who began plant breeding.
A year later, a new variety of violets was presented to the public. By the early 30s, the selection of Saintpaulias as indoor plants began in America. They gained so much popularity that in 10 years there were already about 100 varieties of indoor violets.
Saintpaulia is a low-growing evergreen plant. By sex, female and male plants differ. The female-type plants have a small light spot on the leaves. In the male type Saintpaulias, the leaves are completely green. The flowers have 5 petals. By the size of the rosette, the sizes of violets-saintpaulias vary from 5 cm to 60 cm.
The variety of violets-saintpaulia EK-goddess of beauty was bred at the beginning of the 2000s by the Togliatti breeder Elena Korshunova. This variety of violets is distinguished by large, up to 9 cm, flowers with velvet wavy petals arranged in the shape of a five-pointed star, lilac-crimson shades with a dark green rosette of leaves.
Variety of violets "EK-goddess of beauty" refers to purely indoor plant varieties. From the very beginning of the presentation of the variety at the exhibition in 2003, these violets have gained immense popularity among indoor crop lovers. This was due to the beautiful flowering and good vitality of the flowers.
Features of growth and care
Blooming violets will also bring a lot of joy to those who love indoor plant growing. Indoor violet blooms almost all year round, more precisely, for about 10 months. At home, the violet prefers bright light without direct sunlight, it does not tolerate drafts.
To maintain long flowering, experienced growers add light to the plants by setting up a spot for a fluorescent lamp above them. On average, a room violet needs a full 12-hour light period per day. If the violet stretches with leaves upwards, then it clearly does not have enough light. For indoor violets, a specialized soil is sold, already saturated with all the necessary fertilizers.
Saintpaulia also grows well in soils with the addition of sod, needles, humus and peat. You need to transplant a violet at least once a year. This is required to avoid disease and mold. The violet should be watered under the root with well-settled water at room temperature.
Violet should never be sprayed in order to avoid leaf rot. Just like the garden varieties of violets, in indoor plant growing, mineral fertilizers are used to feed the plants.
Reproduction of violets is best done by growing a cuttings. When planting in a pot, it is recommended to lay a small layer of expanded clay on the bottom to ensure water drainage.
Common diseases of the violet
Despite the fact that the violet is considered an unpretentious plant, it is often exposed to pests and diseases, such as:
- powdery mildew
- gray rot
- late blight
- falling buds
- With powdery mildew, the entire plant becomes covered with a grayish bloom, followed by the appearance of black spots. This disease leads to the elimination of flowering. It occurs in the aggregate of excess moisture and low temperature. Powdery mildew is treated with fungicidal agents.
- When affected by spotting, the leaves and stems of the violet are covered with spots. The cause of this disease is overflow and ingress of water on the leaves of violets. In addition, the wrong choice of place for violets with direct sunlight can lead to the appearance of yellowness on the leaves.
- With a disease with gray rot, the plant is covered with a gray cobweb, under which putrefactive processes develop. Gray rot is provoked by low illumination of planting sites and an excess of moisture in the soil. This is a fungal disease. The situation can be corrected by removing diseased parts of the plant and treating with antifungal drugs.
- Phytophthora is a fungal disease that causes rotting of the root system in Saintpaulias. At the same time, the leaves begin to dry out. If, with abundant watering, the leaves begin to dry, this is a sure sign of late blight. Often occurs with waterlogged soil and high humidity. Unfortunately, this disease is an indication for the destruction of the plant. The pots must then be sterilized.
- Falling buds are associated with changes in temperature and humidity in the room. Also, the disease can be triggered by an increased content of fertilizers.
According to the reviews of amateur flower growers, the EK-Goddess of Beauty violet variety is rather unobtrusive. This variety does not require frequent watering, it blooms for a long time and beautifully. The variety of shades of this variety and the lush bloom are noted. Caring for indoor Saintpaulias can cause a lot of trouble for plant breeders. But, at the same time, the charm of the violet flowers blooming almost all year round will delight the inhabitants of the house a lot.
An interesting video about the uzumbar violet: