Highlander - a plant for home, garden and health

Highlander belongs to the few plants that have so many species that are radically different from each other. Annuals, perennials, creepers, creepers, shrubs grow all over the world, and there are more than 300 species. Of these, 20 species have been domesticated, and they delight with their decorativeness.


  • Tall highlander
  • Highlander stunted
  • Highlander - Liana Baldzhuan
  • Healing Highlander

Tall highlander

The tall mountaineer is used for landscaping the banks of reservoirs, hedges and for the manufacture of silage for animals. The most popular of the tall species: Eastern, Sakhalin, Japanese:

  1. Highlander Vostochny is an annual plant that grows up to 2 m in height and has large paniculate inflorescences. The flowers are red, pink, lilac or white. Leaves are green, oval, pointed to the ends. After flowering, black nuts are formed. The Eastern Highlander blooms at the end of summer and until the very frosts. Unpretentious in care, loves nutritious and moist soil. The Eastern Highlander grows both in the wild and in garden plots. In nature, it can be found in forests, steppes and meadows. As an ornamental plant, the East Highlander is actively grown in the Primorsky Territory and China.
  2. Sakhalin Highlander is a tall perennial plant with creeping roots. Height up to 5 m, branches are straight, strong. Leaves are oval, up to 30 cm long and up to 25 cm wide. Flowers are collected in white panicles. Blooms in the second half of summer. The flowering period is up to 45 days. The plant is very winter hardy. In nature, it grows on Sakhalin and Japan. Grows mainly on slopes and hills. In garden plots, it is used to decorate old buildings, artificial reservoirs, hedges. Sakhalin residents add young leaves to salads and soups. The plant is used as feed for cattle. The Sakhalin mountaineer quickly fills the free territory, and many gardeners do not risk planting it on their plots.
  3. Japanese knotweed is a tall bushy plant. The height reaches 5 m. The branches are hollow, geniculate, very similar to bamboo stems. The leaves are green, medium-sized, oval in shape. Frequent veins are located throughout the leaf. The flowers are small, cream-colored, gathered in panicles. Japanese knotweed blooms in early September. This is the fastest growing mountaineer, allows you to create a hedge in a short time and hide the area from prying eyes. Tolerates pruning well. The branches can be used to weave baskets, vases, and other crafts. This highlander grows very quickly and is difficult to remove from the site.

Highlander undersized

Low-growing species of highlander are used for planting in flower beds, decoration of alpine slides and as borders. The most popular of the low-growing plants are: Golovchaty Highlander, Kindred Highlander and Viviparous.

The capitate mountaineer is an annual plant that is able to close the void of the soil in a short time. Height up to 15 cm, branched, creeping. The leaves are small, green with red streaks and spots. Inflorescences are small, in the form of cones, consist of small pinkish - white flowers.

It is used for landscaping flower beds, trimmed borders and filling areas under trees. Grows well both in the open sun and in full shade. Propagated most often by seeds. Undemanding look, easy to clean. Reacts to feeding with abundant flowering. Planting in a pot and use as a houseplant is possible.

A related mountaineer is a stunted perennial native to the Himalayas. Plant height up to 25 cm. Leaves are long, lanceolate, green. Flowers in the form of dense ears.

The color can be pink or red. The length of the inflorescences is 10-12 cm. The related knotweed begins to bloom in May and blooms throughout the summer season. After flowering, the leaves of the plant turn red. Loves temperate shady places, but can grow in the sun. Does not require frequent watering and tolerates drought well. With stagnant water, rhizomes can rot.

High winter hardiness, but it can freeze out in the absence of snow. The related knotweed is very decorative, it is used in flower beds, alpine hills, for landscaping coastal areas, it is well adjacent to other perennials. Grows well and can suppress some plants.

Highlander Viviparous is a perennial plant, up to 45 cm high. Outwardly resembles the Serpentine Highlander, but has a more decorative appearance. Stems are straight, glabrous. Leaves are hard, lanceolate, dark green. The inflorescence is spike, with pale pinkish flowers or red. Blooms all season. In nature, the Viviparous Highlander grows in the tundra, along the banks of rivers and lakes. The roots and flowers are eaten, added to salads, and made into tea.

Highlander - Liana Baldzhuan

The Baldzhuan mountaineer is a perennial liana that grows up to 12-15 meters. Used for vertical gardening of areas. It blooms with small white flowers, which, when the air temperature drops, acquire a pinkish tint. Liana leaves are dark green. The stems of an adult liana grow stiff.

The Baldzhuan highlander loves cool, humid places. Requires regular watering. In direct sunlight, the plant stops growing, the leaves curl and shrink.

To make it decorative, the plant is often cut off and the necessary shapes are made. Also, a haircut stimulates the appearance of peduncles.

Highlander Baldzhuan endures frosts up to 23 degrees. Most often, vines freeze out, the roots quickly recover and give new growth in the spring. This type of mountaineer grows quickly and in a short time is able to add attractiveness to fences, gazebos and walls of structures.

Healing Highlander

In folk medicine, highlander is used to treat eye diseases, gout, heaviness in the stomach and intestines. It has a wound healing, astringent and bactericidal effect. And that's not all the healing properties of the plant. For medicinal purposes, the Serpentine and Alpine mountaineers are most often used.

Highlander Serpentine is also called Veal Tongue, Cancer Necks or Viperweed. A perennial plant with a fisty stem and small flowers. Flowers can be white, pink, crimson, and are collected in an inflorescence - a spikelet.

The Snake Highlander grows in sunny places and on moist soils. In nature, it can be found in meadows, fields, along river banks and on mountain slopes. The height of the plant is from 40 to 100 cm. In folk medicine, all parts of the plant are used: leaves, flowers, roots, seeds.

Raw materials harvested in May bring the maximum benefit. Highlander has a very strong bactericidal effect, quickly stops bleeding and relieves inflammation. Snake Knotweed is used for the treatment of diarrhea, stomach diseases, problems with the intestines, gall bladder, throat and oral cavity diseases, for the treatment of purulent wounds and boils.

Alpine mountaineer is popularly called Taran, mountainous mountaineer, Kislets. It is a very decorative weed. Lush bushes, up to 1.5 m high and up to 2 m in diameter. The stems of the plant are branched, especially in the upper part. The roots are powerful, creeping. Leaves are green, oblong. At the ends of the branches there are panicles of small white flowers.

Alpine Highlander blooms in July. In the wild, it grows in forests, steppes and meadows. It is quite unpretentious and grows quickly. On the site it is used to decorate old buildings and fences. Looks good in cut.

Alpine mountaineer is successfully used in folk medicine for the treatment of stomach diseases, chronic diarrhea, hypertension and dysentery. Contains a lot of vitamin C and is used in the prevention of respiratory diseases.

The variety and diversity has made the mountaineer a unique plant. There are species that have medicinal properties, some have a beautiful decorative appearance, there are valuable forage plants, and there are merciless weeds that are dangerous to plant in the garden. So that after planting there are no unpleasant surprises, when choosing a highlander, you should carefully read the characteristics of each species.

Video about the medicinal properties of the mountaineer:

Watch the video: Your brain on plants: why gardens are good for you (December 2021).