There are about 220 species and varieties of clover around the world. Clover is widespread in the temperate and subtropical zones of the entire Northern Hemisphere, in part of the Southern Hemisphere of the Earth, in particular, in South America.
Clover has gained some distribution in Africa, in the area of tropical forests. More than 30 species of this plant are found throughout Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. Any clover is a good honey plant and forage plant.
- General information. Plant history
- Mountain clover
- Content of nutrients
Clover is one of the most common herbal plants. It is found almost everywhere. Anywhere, looking around, you can stumble upon a bunch of clover. Whether it is a field, a meadow, a forest edge, the banks of a reservoir, a park in a city, a courtyard square, vegetation near the wall of a house or a fence - clover grows everywhere. However, this plant is not considered to be a weed.
The ubiquitous clover enriches the soil with nitrogen. It does not empty the soil, but, on the contrary, benefits it. This is only due to the fact that the clover has miniature nodules on its roots. They are home to bacteria that assimilate nitrogen from the atmosphere and modify it into compounds that other plants need.
During the flowering period, which occurs in May-July, plots with clover are immediately striking. The bright flowers of the plant, from bright red to snow-white, are clearly visible on the green carpet of herbs.
Clover belongs to the legume family. All of its species are annual or perennial grasses, often with a woody rhizome. Clover leaves are usually trifoliate, but there are four-leafed types. Flowers are collected by heads in inflorescences, forming visually spherical heads. The common popular name for all types of clover is Kashka.
The scientific Latin name for this plant is Trifolium. Translated into Russian from Latin, it means "shamrock". In almost all varieties of clover, the leaf is 3 leaves.
Since ancient times, the triple leaf of this plant was considered a symbol of the Holy Trinity throughout Europe. The image of a clover is often present in embroidery, ornamentation, architectural structures, and jewelry. The most popular image of a clover in the Gothic. Some European coats of arms of cities in their image have a clover leaf. But the greatest success is considered to be a find - a clover with four leaves. There is a belief that such a clover leaf brings happiness, fulfills wishes.
Often a clover leaf was carried with them in the Middle Ages. It was believed that he protects the owner from failure. Used clover for divination. In some countries, coins have been issued with the image of a clover leaf. So in 1775 the clover thaler was released into use.
- All people are familiar with the suits of playing cards. Initially, these suits were leaf designs. So "spades" are a linden leaf. And "clubs" are a clover leaf. This is how the word "clubs" is translated from French.
- Ireland is a country with centuries-old traditions. The trefoil clover symbol is important to the Irish. Clover became the emblem of Ireland, symbolizing a triple unity: God the Son, God the Father and the Holy Spirit.
- It is believed that the baptism in the land of Ireland was performed by Saint Patrick with the help of a clover leaf.
- Another legend is that St. Patrick drove the snakes from the Irish land with the help of clover (they are not there to this day).
- For the Celts, the clover leaf symbolizes the connection with the world of the dead, uniting in itself birth - death - rebirth.
If we consider the clover leaf as a magical tool, then it is believed that this plant has a warm aura. Clover belongs to the four elements at once, although Mercury has a special effect on it. Often used in witchcraft and folk medicine. It is believed that a clover flower or leaf seen in a dream is a portent of fame, wealth, success.
Mountain clover or white-headed clover is one of the most common types of clover. This species is ubiquitous throughout Belarus, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, throughout Western Siberia, in the foothills of Central Asia, in central Europe. It grows in open areas on dry soils.
Prefers to settle on the slopes of gullies, ravines, hills. During its flowering period from early June to late July, it transforms the entire populated landscape into a white fragrant carpet.
Differs in the slenderness of the stem. Rarely forms thickets. The stem height can reach 70 centimeters in places. The number of stems in one plant can be up to 15 pieces. Mountain clover stems are straight, round, and have an edge. There are few leaves on the stem of this type of clover, usually no more than 4 leaves. Shoots emerge from the axils of the leaves. The leaves of mountain clover, like most species of this plant, are trifoliate.
Basal leaves are located on long cuttings, stem leaves are sessile. The tubules of the flowers are collected in heads, there are from 80 to 280 of them. The flower heads themselves are dense and small, white in color. In terms of their structure, the flowers of mountain clover are identical to the rest of the common species.
Mountain clover has 10 stamens, 9 of them have grown together and only one is free. At the very base, where the ovary is located, nectar is released. Its sugar content often reaches 48%. This makes mountain clover an excellent honey plant.
Mountain clover blooms in a peculiar way: the tubes in each head open gradually, from bottom to top. The whole plant blooms for no more than 30 days, and each head - up to 2 weeks. Flowers open late, not earlier than 11 pm and close early. During the flowering period, bees take nectar until the very last day. After flowering, the flowers turn brown and dry out. The seeds ripen in August and are similar in appearance to all other seeds of other types of clover. The seeds are two-seeded beans.
Content of nutrients
Mountain clover is a medicinal plant where only the ground part is suitable for use.
- B vitamins
- essential oils
- vitamin C
- flavonoids (populin, kaempferol, hyperoside, quercitin, genistein and other compounds)
Mountain clover grass contains more than 15% of various vegetable proteins and almost 3% of vegetable fats.
The mainstream medicine does not use mountain clover, but it is popular in traditional medicine. Among the people, mountain clover is known under the names: squirrel, vyazil, head, white shamrock, white nutlet, mountain amoria, cuckoo, honey cake, horse grass, cat's paw, white quail, catnip, kovriga, white woodpecker.
In folk recipes, this type of clover is used as an anti-inflammatory, expectorant, diuretic and antibacterial agent. Infusions or decoctions are prepared from the herb. They relieve edema, treat lung diseases, relieve abdominal pain. A strong, rich broth of mountain clover heals hernia.
The inflorescences of mountain clover brewed in the form of tea are drunk with a woman's whites. This tea is not only healthy, but also delicious. Mountain clover flower tea is considered an excellent regulator of the gastrointestinal tract. The broth is used for the flu. And the essence of flowers is used for infectious parotitis.
In the form of poultices, decoction of flowers is used externally for abscesses, burns, hemorrhoids. It is an excellent wound healing agent. A decoction is often used for taking bracing baths.
As a fodder plant, this type of clover has not received much distribution. This is due to the fact that the stem of the mountain clover is dense and tough, and has an edge. However, wild animals use it for food.
Clover is listed in the Red Book and is good for health. Watch the video: