Very often, a garden shrub with magnificent clusters of snow-white or cream flowers is called jasmine due to its strongly pronounced recognizable aroma. And in the gardens there is a chubushnik, or garden jasmine.
- Types of terry jasmine
- Features of growing jasmine
- Useful properties of garden jasmine
Types of terry jasmine
Today, thanks to the work of breeders, there are sixty species of garden jasmine. Not all species can boast of double flowers, but each of them has a lot of its advantages. The scent of non-double flowers is reminiscent of the scent of real jasmine. Terry varieties of chubushnik have a barely perceptible smell, completely different from the aroma of real jasmine.
Terry varieties include:
- Virginal. Shrub, reaching a height of three meters. The flowers are white, with a pungent sweet aroma, five centimeters in diameter. Repeated flowering in autumn is possible, but much weaker than summer.
- Glacier. Large fragrant flowers are collected in numerous inflorescences on stems reaching one and a half meters in length. It blooms very beautifully. But faded inflorescences should be removed on their own due to their unsightly appearance.
- Anshantman. Late flowering shrub with the most beautiful flowers of all European terry varieties.
- Pyramidal. Late-flowering variety up to three meters high. Large snow-white flowers with a subtle scent.
- Girandol. A drooping shrub about one and a half meters in diameter with double creamy flowers of a mild aroma.
- Schneesturm. White double flowers with a fruity aroma on drooping shoots, reaching a height of three meters. Fast growing shrub.
- Ermine mantle. A short shrub with creamy white double flowers and a subtle strawberry aroma. Surpasses all other varieties in terms of flowering duration.
- Arctic. A variety of Russian selection. A short shrub with delicate small flowers. The aroma is weak.
- Ballet of moths. Russian variety, reaching a height of one and a half meters. The snow-white double flowers resemble the wings of moths.
- Blizzard. The short shrub is distinguished by amazing double flowers, similar to snowflakes, covering all the foliage. Abundantly flowering.
- Junnat. A popular Russian variety with very large double flowers that smell strongly of strawberries.
It is better to breed varieties of Russian selection. Brought from Europe are weakly resistant to the peculiarities of the Russian winter.
Features of growing jasmine
Garden jasmine is an unpretentious plant. It can grow in partial shade, but the flowers become smaller in this case. In dry summers, additional watering is required. Excess moisture can lead to root rot. Therefore, you should not plant it in places where groundwater is too close to the surface. Planting is desirable in well-drained nutrient soil.
Jasmine takes root very quickly. Propagated by basal processes and cuttings. The best time for jasmine to take root is early spring. High survival rate after transplant. Reproduction by layering is often practiced. To do this, before bud break, the annual shoots are bent to the ground and instilled. Such a plant is ready for transplanting in the second year after dropping.
If a hedge is supposed to be made of jasmine, then shrubs should be planted at a distance of at least a meter from each other. They grow very wide in width.
The shrub grows rapidly and requires annual pruning. Pruning should be done immediately after flowering. This forms a bush and provokes the growth of young growth, which will bloom next year. Old, diseased branches should be cut off near the ground, but no more than three in one season. In early spring, sanitary pruning is carried out to remove frozen branches.
Terry jasmine is more capricious than regular jasmine. He is sensitive to severe frosts. If the shrub is small, you can wrap it up for the winter.
Useful properties of garden jasmine
In addition to beautiful fragrant flowers, garden jasmine is famous for its chubuki. That is why they called him a chubushnik. Due to the peculiarity of the structure of the stems of the bush, mouthpieces and shafts for smoking pipes were made from it.
Jasmine is an excellent honey plant, honey from its nectar has a specific aroma and taste. It is useful for overwork and chronic fatigue. Relieves headaches, normalizes sleep.
The aroma of garden jasmine is often used in the manufacture of teas. Jasmine flowers should be picked in hot weather, when the concentration of the scent reaches its maximum. Well dried in a darkened room, they are stored in glass or paper containers. When added to tea, the dry flower straightens its petals, straightens, radiating an amazing summer scent. There is no better antidepressant on cold winter evenings.
Garden jasmine is increasingly gaining the favor of gardeners. Having appreciated its unpretentiousness in care and reproduction, everyone will wish to have such a splendor of aroma and flowers in their garden. From jasmine of various varieties, you can create original compositions that attract the attention of everyone who has seen them at least once.
Watch an interesting video about jasmine: