Since time immemorial, people have discovered a wonderful useful plant - the common wild rose. Even in the time of Hippocrates, its fruits were actively used as a folk way to combat ailments. And until now, decoctions from its roots and fruits remain the most popular methods for relieving the symptoms of many diseases.
- Description of the plant
- Application and healing properties
- Folk recipes for decoctions
- Rosehip for weight loss
Description of the plant
The common rose hip, or as it is also called the dog rose, is a shrub from the Rosaceae family. An adult plant reaches a height of 2 m. The bush consists of numerous thin twig-like branches with a shiny crimson-red bark.
A characteristic feature of the Rosaceae plant is the presence of curved thorns located at the base of the leaves. The leaves themselves are oblong with short petioles. The inflorescences are large, solitary and usually reach 3-5 cm in diameter.
Sometimes you can find double or triple flowers. The inflorescences of wild rose are scarlet-red, framed by a green calyx and have numerous stamens and pistils. The wild rose blooms from mid-May to July. As a result, oval fruits are formed, resembling small acorns in shape. The color of the fruit depends on the growing climate of the shrub and ranges from pale orange to bright red.
Usually the fruits are small, but individual berries reach 1.5 cm in size. The harvest period is August, September. You can pick the fruits after the onset of the first frost, however, this worsens their useful properties. After frost, the content of ascorbic acid in fruits drops somewhat.
Harvested by hand, trying not to crumple, as if the skin is damaged, they quickly grow moldy. Before drying, the raw materials are sorted out, damaged or unripe fruits are thrown away. If the fruits are picked frozen, then they should not be thawed under any circumstances, as this will harm the quality.
They are put in the oven frozen for drying, and during the process they are constantly turned over so that the fruits do not burn. Dried rose hips are dark red in color and are ready for long-term storage - up to two years. In general, it is not recommended to start drying fruits immediately after harvest.
Rosehip is found almost everywhere on the territory of our country. The main place of its growth is the European part, but it can often be found in the Urals and Siberia. The shrub is unpretentious, therefore, it is found along river floodplains, and in flooded meadows, in clearings and ravines, in open glades and along the edges of forests.
Recently, it is often found in personal plots. People love wild rose for its beautiful inflorescences and useful fruits, therefore they cultivate it as an ornamental medicinal and vitamin plant.
Application and healing properties
Rosehip fruits have medicinal uses. Their pulp contains beneficial vitamins and minerals such as:
- Vitamins C, B2, K, P
- Provitamin A
- Citric and malic acids
The fruits of the plant are used in cooking. They are added to dishes for fortification. They are used to prepare mashed potatoes and pasta. Some confectionery factories add rose hips to the production of marmalade and candy. But more often they are used in the preparation of compotes, jelly, fruit drinks and kvass.
It is known that extracts from wild rose hips accelerate the separation of bile. Therefore, the rosehip extract is used pharmacologically and in folk medicine for the prevention and treatment of inflammation of the liver and gallbladder. Fruit extracts are designed to reduce various bleeding disorders such as hemophilic and hemorrhagic.
Rosehip is useful for those who have undergone surgery, as well as with prolonged physical exertion and stress. Doctors advise pregnant and lactating women to take medications or infusions containing rosehip extracts, and anyone who suffers from atherosclerosis, inflammation of the bronchi, lungs and tuberculosis.
In addition, rosehip is indispensable for gastritis and ulcers, bowel disorders and inflammatory processes of the duodenum. Since the rosehip stimulates the kidneys, it is prescribed for the corresponding diseases of the genitourinary system. Often with disorders of the digestive tract, doctors prescribe to take an aqueous extract of the leaves. It is believed to stimulate the stomach and relieve pain.
Rosehip leaves contain phytoncides, which have a disinfecting effect. Therefore, compresses from the leaves are applied to the skin with purulent wounds. It has been proven that the rosehip leaf infusion has a beneficial effect on the skin, therefore it is actively used in cosmetology for toning procedures.
In medicine, preparations based on rosehip extracts, obtained not only from fruits and leaves, but also from plant roots, are prescribed for viral diseases such as malaria. It turns out that the roots contain tannins, which, when ingested, bind and remove toxins.
Rosehip seeds are also used. Oil is squeezed out of them, which is rich in fatty acids and vitamins. Oil compresses are applied to open wounds or purulent ulcers. It is useful for burns and frostbite. Rosehip oil heals small wounds and cuts well and is also actively used in dentistry to relieve gum inflammation.
Thus, the well-known and widespread plant, without exaggeration, turns out to be a real storehouse of vitamins and minerals. Rosehip is a time-tested remedy in the fight against numerous ailments.
Folk recipes for decoctions
All kinds of pills, extracts, extracts and water infusions from rose hips are used to treat and prevent various disorders that occur in the body due to a lack of vitamins (mainly of group C), which leads to exhaustion and anemia.
An infusion is a convenient dosage form that can be easily prepared at home.
Today there are a lot of cooking recipes. You can brew not only fruits, but also leaves, shoots and roots. The essence of all recipes boils down to the fact that a certain amount of prepared plant material is poured with boiling water and left for a while:
- Recipe number 1. A couple of tablespoons or 20 g of dry rose hips pour 1 glass of boiling water. Boil the mixture in a covered enamel pot for 10 minutes. Let it brew for 24 hours. Strain the broth through double cheesecloth, and squeeze the fruits. The drink is ready, taken orally twice a day for 1/2 cup.
- Recipe No. 2. Grind 20-40 g of dried rose hips in a mortar or blender. Brew with boiling water (2 cups) and strain everything into a thermos. Insist for about 10-12 hours, then take half a glass twice a day before meals. Such an infusion can be given to children, if desired, adding syrup to it.
- Recipe number 3. Decoction of rosehip roots: 1 tablespoon of chopped roots in 1 cup of boiling water. Boil for no more than 15 minutes over low heat. Insist for several hours, but do not cool and strain. Be sure to drink warm, so it is better to keep the infusion in a thermos.
- Recipe No. 4. Rosehip liqueur: 1 glass of fruit for 1.5 glasses of sugar and 3 glasses of vodka. Mix everything and leave in the sun for a few days. After 5 days, pour 2 glasses of vodka there. Leave on for another 5 days. Filter the composition with gauze and squeeze the fruits, then take 15-20 g every day after meals.
Decoctions and infusions are very good at helping with various ailments, improve overall health, and also have a pleasant sour taste. In addition, the process of making them does not represent anything complicated, and if you wish, you can improve the taste of the drink with sugar or honey.
Rosehip for weight loss
It has been proven that the wild rose contains organic acids that accelerate metabolism and promote the burning of fatty deposits. Therefore, recently, rosehip decoctions have been actively used to maintain normal weight and fight the hated kilograms.
Of course, you should not rely only on the wonderful properties of rose hips. It's just that the weight won't go away. Additionally, you need to monitor the amount of calories consumed and perform at least minimal physical exercise for all muscle groups. Without physical activity, the skin will stretch and sag, as the extra pounds will go away.
For weight loss, not only rose hips are used, but also leaves, petals and roots. How to use rose hips to get rid of fat reserves? The answer is simple: prepare decoctions and infusions. You can drink them neat, or you can add them to tea or compote. The main thing is to drink a freshly prepared broth every day before each meal. You can't drink yesterday's drink!
There is a rosehip diet developed by leading nutritionists specifically for those who urgently need to lose weight. The menu is quite tough and involves the exclusion of all fatty foods and "goodies". For 10 days, you will need to constantly drink rosehip decoction without adding sugar and honey.
It is believed that in ten days of such a diet, you can lose 10 extra pounds. However, such a dramatic weight loss can adversely affect your well-being. Therefore, doctors strongly recommend repeating the rosehip diet no earlier than a year later.
In addition, for some people, taking a large amount of rosehip decoction is contraindicated. In the presence of certain diseases, the substances contained in the broth are capable of provoking their exacerbation. The rosehip diet should be abandoned if there are diseases of the heart and blood vessels, a chronic form of gastritis or kidney dysfunction.
In the case of a competent approach in the fight against excess weight, the reception of decoctions and infusions of rosehip has the desired effect. Do not forget that good physical shape directly depends on a balanced diet and an active, healthy lifestyle.
Obviously, common rose hips are a real storehouse of vitamins and an irreplaceable helper for any ailment. This is the first remedy for minor household injuries, abrasions and cuts, as well as a wonderful preventive and restorative herbal remedy, which would be nice to always have on hand.
All about the benefits of rosehips, see the video: