The fresh scent of cucumbers stimulates the appetite, making even the most bland dish delicious. But to start teasing yourself with green vegetables as early as possible, you can grow them in a greenhouse. And so that, with a lot of effort, time and money, not to be left without fruit, you need to know how to increase the yield of cucumbers in a greenhouse.
- Yield conditions
- Gardener Secrets
- How to prepare and which seeds to choose?
In the greenhouse, cucumbers should feel great: warmth is provided, high humidity is maintained. In such ideal conditions, yields should simply be record-breaking! But this is often not the case at all.
There are a lot of reasons on which the yield of cucumbers depends. These include:
- correct choice of variety
- correct soil composition
- quality of purchased seeds
- timeliness of disembarkation
- normal planting density
- literacy of feeding
- optimal watering
- greenhouse lighting level
- observance of temperature conditions
- prevention of possible diseases
- correct prevention of pest damage
- timely harvest
For cucumbers, soil preparation is important. Even if the site consists of poor soils, in the greenhouse itself, the soil should be well enriched. To do this, you need to add green manure (green mass of plants), humus, peat, compost and even a little mineral fertilizers to it, not allowing their level to be exceeded.
You can fertilize the soil with a soil mixture. It is poured on top of a heated organic fertilizer, which is a biofuel. First, this is a layer of 15 cm, and then, as the bushes grow, add another 10 centimeters.
It is also important that the soil temperature when sowing plants should be at least 20 ° C. Even at a depth of ten centimeters, the temperature cannot be less than + 18 ° C, because otherwise the seeds will swell, and the planted seedlings will disappear or will hurt for a long time. In this situation, you cannot count on a high yield of cucumbers in a greenhouse.
Moisture is very important for cucumbers. Therefore, you need to water them generously. It is better to do this with warm water at the roots in the evening, and not under the scorching sun. You can not pour the leaves, but the soil needs to be moistened in moderation. You can combine watering cucumbers with fertilizing them with organic or mineral fertilizers.
To prevent the plant from getting sick, you need to tie up its lashes. Indeed, from the contact of the tops with moist soil in a greenhouse, various fungal diseases rapidly develop, from which the yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse is significantly reduced.
For the same reason, it is advisable to grow cucumbers on a trellis. Also, this form of bush formation helps to avoid too much thickening of the lashes, from which the plant begins to drive green mass, losing productivity.
There are many factors on which the yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse depends. But if you lose sight of at least one, then all the work will go to smark. Therefore, it is better to take into account all the details in order to get a luxurious harvest of pimply beauties.
Each gardener has accumulated his own experience in increasing the return of these vegetables. So many believe, for example, that during the fruiting period, cucumbers need to be harvested daily. If you do this periodically, then the plant triggers a signal that its program has been completed and can be "at rest."
In addition to root fertilization, spraying of leaves with nitrogen-containing mixtures can be used. You can resort to another simple way to increase the yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse - air feeding. For this, a container is placed inside the greenhouse in which a mass diluted with water, consisting of organic fertilizers, wanders. They release nitrogen and carbon dioxide into the air, which are very important for plants.
You can stop watering the cucumbers for a short time, and then resume again. During these times of stress, plants begin to emit more female ovary flowers rather than barren flowers.
Timely caring for plants, strict maintenance of temperature conditions and sufficient lighting can increase the productivity of cucumbers. Adequate air and soil moisture is important. Therefore, there is something to work on!
How to prepare and which seeds to choose?
But one of the most important factors in increasing the yield of cucumbers in the greenhouse is considered by most to choose the right variety of cucumbers. According to experienced gardeners, it is important to give preference to parthenocarpics that do not need pollination by bees or wind. This is important, because otherwise the vegetables in a closed room will not be able to tie, which means that they will not wait for the harvest.
Many gardeners like to mix hybrids and bee-pollinated varieties. This form allows you to harvest and collect quality seeds. After all, hybrids by themselves in the second generation do not give a crop, splitting into several subspecies of the variety.
It is better to pay attention to the varieties provided specifically for greenhouse cultivation. Also important are the ripening times and the compliance of the variety with the given climatic conditions, even if softened by the greenhouse. The best way out is to choose several varieties of seeds.
According to practitioners, it is better to give preference to such early varieties and hybrids:
- Moscow greenhouse
- Altai early 166
- VIR 516 and 517
- Gribovsky 2
- Unrelenting 40 and many others
It is believed that the seeds of a cucumber, heated in the sun before sowing, will give the best harvest. And even the best in terms of yield are those seeds that have been stored for about 7 years (of course, in the right conditions).
Video instruction for growing cucumbers in a greenhouse: