Asparagus belongs to the asparagus family and includes over 300 different plant species. A separate type of plant is used for food and is edible.
Due to the increased demand, it is grown on plantations in significant quantities. There are also species that are grown for decoration. With the help of this plant, various flower arrangements are created.
- Distinctive features and types of plants
- How to properly care for a plant
- Major diseases of asparagus and methods of reproduction
Distinctive features and types of plants
Asparagus includes perennial grasses, vines, and shrubs. They have thin and flexible stems. The leaves are like needles. The inflorescences are small and usually light in color. As a result, red fruits appear. The plant does not require special care requirements and can be grown both outdoors and indoors.
It can withstand severe frosts. Before winter, the stems of the plant are lost and revive again by the spring period. Rhizomes are powerful.
The length of shoots in an adult plant can be 40-50 centimeters. In order for the plant to retain its decorative function, it is necessary to remove weeds in time, which prevent their full growth. Flowers feel snug in a basket that hangs upside down or in a properly sized pot.
Asparagus has a huge number of species that are used for food and for decorative purposes. Let's consider the most popular ones:
- Asparagus asparagus. This species came to us from South Africa. The plant curls, its shoots are flexible. It grows in the form of a shrub, the total length of which can reach one meter. The flowers are fragrant and have a green or white hue. As a result of flowering, purple berries are formed. This type is mainly used for decoration of premises. Ideal for creating compositions, as it retains a fresh look for a long time.
- Dense-flowered asparagus. This variety is in great demand among flower growers. It blooms profusely, forming attractive inflorescences. The plant branches well, has dense leaves. With proper care, the length can reach one and a half meters. Flowers are white, sometimes with a slight pink tint. Flowering occurs in spring and autumn. The fruits are bright red in color. The variety is unpretentious and suitable for spaces with dry air. In winter, it is recommended to protect from drafts.
- Asparagus Meyer. Belongs to the asparagus family. Differs in a powerful root system and thin shoots. The plant has green needles with a fairly soft structure. The branches hang down and do not have a curling structure. The plant can reach more than a meter in length. The foliage is small, so they are practically invisible to the plant. In the process of flowering, white inflorescences are formed. The fruits are aromatic. The plant is used for composition and arrangement.
- Asparagus officinalis. It is a popular vegetable crop that is used for human consumption. This product can be used raw, boiled, fried. It is included in many coffee drinks, acting as a surrogate. The plant is cultivated for sale. However, it can also be found in the wild in the Balkans, the Mediterranean, the Caucasus, and central Europe.
- Asparagus is pinnate. The plant is distinguished by its compactness and elegant arrangement of branches. Shoots spread out neatly. During growth, there is a gradual exposure of the shoots to the bottom. The leaves are like little needles. The total length of the species can reach more than one meter. The plant prefers rooms with moderate humidity, poorly tolerates dry soils. It is used for decorative purposes, for landscaping premises.
There are a wide variety of asparagus species, each grower will be able to find the most suitable option among them.
How to properly care for a plant?
The variety is photophilous, therefore it does not like darkened rooms. It is preferable to organize diffused light for it. Except for the feathery look, which is most comfortable in the shade. It is advisable to place the pots in the eastern and western zones. In the summer, it can install the plant outdoors - on the balcony or in the garden.
The plant can withstand temperature extremes with dignity. In spring and summer, the optimum temperature for growing should be - 20-22 degrees. In winter, the plant rests, so it is better to stick to 14-15 degrees. You must try to protect it from possible drafts and hypothermia.
Watering should be moderate. It is not recommended to abuse the excessive accumulation of moisture in the soil, but at the same time, the soil should not be overdried. In winter, the number of waterings decreases. If the room is slightly humid, then periodic spraying is required. In dry air, the leaves begin to turn yellow. It is advisable to place the plant in a place where the tolerance of ultraviolet rays is minimal.
In the spring, asparagus should be fertilized as it grows most rapidly at this time. Fertilization can be carried out using a complex of mineral fertilizers. In the spring, it is advisable to move the plant to a larger container, as it grows very rapidly in growth.
In the process of transplanting, heavily overgrown rhizomes are removed, and the bare parts of the shoots are cut off. Those shoots that have been cut will no longer increase in growth. Younger shoots begin to grow.
With proper care, a plant at home can last for more than ten years. Irregular watering, lack of top dressing significantly shortens the life span.
Major diseases of asparagus and methods of reproduction
Reproduction of the plant can be carried out by cutting off the shoots from the bush. Also, the plant has a powerful rhizome. By separating small areas from the bush, it can multiply the species.
Some varieties can be propagated using seeds that have just been harvested. For this, the seeds are planted in pots, placed in a warm room, systematically watered with a small amount of water.
If the method of propagation by cuttings is chosen, then the freshly cut shoot is placed in slightly damp sand so that the root system begins to grow. After planting, it is advisable to cover the seedling with foil or glass. The plant should give root after a few weeks.
Asparagus is extremely resistant to various diseases and unpretentious content. However, in some cases, fungal infection may be noted. If an infection has occurred, then the plant can be ruined rather quickly, several days after the defeat.
The fungus is recognized by the death of the lateral root collar. With the disease, foliage shedding from the shoots occurs. You can get rid of the fungus if you take all the necessary measures in a timely manner.
Asparagus is often attacked by pests that disrupt the full growth of plants. Pests look like small black bugs called asparagus leaf beetles. Beetles leave behind larvae, which eat foliage at high speed. To get rid of harmful insects, insecticides are used. Thus, regular maintenance and control of the quality of growth will help to extend the life of the plant.
Learn about all types of asparagus from the video: