Begonia is one of the favorite indoor plants of many amateur flower growers. They are appreciated for their beauty and abundant flowering. With proper care, they bloom from spring to December, filling the interior with bright and unique colors.
- Lighting and temperature control
- Watering and feeding
- Soil and reproduction
- Possible difficulties
Lighting and temperature control
Begonia prefers bright, diffused light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, in the summertime it is better to define it on the window sill facing the east or west side. In winter, it will grow well on the south side.
The lack of sunlight or, on the contrary, its abundance can be judged by the appearance of the plant. Due to the lack of light, the stem of the plant stretches, its leaves turn yellow and fall off. Dry, spotted leaves indicate that they are exposed to hot sunlight.
The attitude to the temperature regime in different types of begonias is not the same. However, most of the species of this plant can be considered thermophilic. The optimum summer temperature for good plant growth is + 20- + 23 ° C, winter temperature is + 16- + 18 ° C. It is important to remember that none of the begonias can tolerate even the slightest frost. Therefore, if the plant grows on the balcony, it is advisable to move it to a warmer room for the winter period.
Watering and feeding
All begonias are considered moisture-loving plants. But at the same time, they cannot stand an excess of moisture - their roots and shoots begin to rot, powdery mildew appears on the leaves.
In the warm season, the plant needs frequent watering - 2 times a week, in hot weather it is advisable to water it daily. Watering should be moderate, the soil should be moist, but not wet. The presence of water in the pan of the pot indicates an excess of moisture.
Starting from the second half of autumn, the intensity of watering should decrease, and in winter it should be minimal, since at this time the plant is at rest. The humidity in the room where the begonia is located should be high. To increase humidity, you can spray the air around the plant with a spray bottle, or use a humidifier.
The flower needs feeding during the growing season - from March to September. Twice a month it is necessary to apply complex fertilizers suitable for a certain type of plant to the soil. In winter, begonia does not need additional nutrition.
Soil and reproduction
Most begonias are very demanding on the soil. For tuberous begonias, nutritious loose soil with neutral acidity is the best option. Heterotic begonias are less demanding, they can also be planted in dense soil.
Begonias grow and bloom well in a soil mixture, which consists of fertile humus soil, peat and sand, combined in a ratio of 1: 1: 2, respectively.
Begonias have a small root system, so for planting them, you can purchase shallow, but wide containers with a drainage hole.
- leafy cuttings
- stem cuttings
Begonia seeds are quite small, but with proper care they can get quite a lot of planting material. For example, from 0.2 grams of seeds, you can get about 1000 pieces of plants.
Sowing seeds is carried out in late January - early February. This allows the plants to gain strength until the fall. For sowing seeds, take a container filled with a homogeneous soil mixture from light soil, peat, sand. The soil is slightly moistened and seeds are sown on its surface. The container is covered in order to avoid rapid evaporation of moisture and placed in a room where the air temperature is 22-25 ° C.
The first shoots can be seen 7-14 days after sowing. After the first leaves appear on the shoots, they are dived into hotel containers.
Vegetative reproduction involves division by children. To do this, cut off the top of the rhizome of the plant, plant it in a separate container, which is placed on the windowsill. After 4 weeks, new shoots will appear.
When dividing the tubers, the flower is carefully taken out of the pot along with an earthen lump and placed in a dark, dry place. The leaves gradually dry out and after about 30-40 days the aerial part of the plant dies off.
The tuber is left in the soil for a few more weeks, after which it is carefully removed and placed in a container with peat for 2-3 months. All this time, the tuber should be at rest, only occasionally it is worth watering it. After that, it is removed from the ground, divided into several parts, which are seated in separate pots.
If a large amount of planting material is required, you can use the sheet propagation method. To do this, a large leaf is cut off from an adult healthy plant, cut into square cuttings about 2 cm long and planted vertically or placed on the soil surface. After rooting, the cuttings are seated in separate containers.
For propagation by stem cuttings, a cutting with 1-3 buds is cut off, planted in the soil and covered with a transparent vessel or film. It is ventilated once every 2-3 days. Strengthening of the cutting occurs in 14-21 days. This means that it can be transplanted into nutrient soil.
The most common problem that growers face when growing begonias is gray mold and powdery mildew, affecting plant leaves:
- Gray rot affects the plant if it is in a damp, cold room, powdery mildew - with insufficient watering. In these cases, you should cut off the affected leaves and create favorable conditions for the flower for growth and development. With a significant defeat of begonia, it should be treated with a special preparation.
- Yellow leaves indicate a lack of light, and brown leaves indicate sunburn. Leaf spot can also develop with regular exposure to water.
- Drying of the buds, falling of buds occurs with a lack of nutrients or sharp temperature fluctuations. In these cases, the plant should be moved to a different location with appropriate conditions for normal growth.
- Of the pests, the plant is most often affected by aphids and red mites. In this case, the plant should be treated with special preparations.
In general, as practice shows, caring for begonia is not particularly difficult. With proper care, the plant is rarely affected by pests and does not get sick, but pleases with its lush colorful flowering.
See the features of begonia care in the video: