Marigolds are one of the most common and popular garden plants. After all, how can you do without them in your garden or vegetable garden? The homeland of these flowers is America.
These are the most common flowers that require little maintenance and are not that difficult to grow. Even the most inexperienced person in this matter can cope with them. Fine-leaved marigolds are used in folk medicine, perfumery, cooking and various industries.
- What varieties and types of marigolds are there?
- How is marigold growing?
- When to plant marigolds for seedlings?
What varieties and types of marigolds are there?
Marigolds differ in their inflorescence structure, different sizes and various colors. They are divided into the following groups by varieties:
Also, marigolds are divided into high, medium, low and dwarf. Tall marigolds are about 55-60 cm high, medium marigolds are about 40 cm, low marigolds grow up to 40 cm, and dwarf marigolds up to 20 cm in height.
In general, there are many types of marigolds:
- The most popular is Mexican marigolds, in other words, thin-leaved. The oldest, they have been planted since 1795. The bush is about 20-40cm high. The leaves of this species are small, light green and narrow. They are the ones who need light and warmth. Marigolds can be used as a condiment.
- The second most popular species is French marigolds. Height reaches 30-50 cm, and bloom the longest, until October. The inflorescences are 3-7 cm in diameter. These marigolds grow in absolutely any soil. Also, they easily tolerate cold and rain.
- The third species is African marigolds, or in other words - erect. In this species, the bush is erect, has large inflorescences, double flowers, the diameter of which is about 13 cm. The strong stems of marigolds grow up to 110-130 cm. These flowers do not tolerate rain, as they lose their beautiful appearance and begin to rot the roots.
How is marigold growing?
Professional flower growers know that thin-leaved marigolds are not demanding and unpretentious plants, but they adapt to any conditions of the living environment.
There are even subspecies that live on the tracks, while perfectly tolerating various exhaust gases, dust, bad soil and smog.
Basically, almost all plants love open areas, that is, sunny areas, but this is not necessary for marigolds! They can quite normally take root in a darkened area, or in complete darkness. Even so, they will grow, bloom, delight a person with their appearance and smell.
In order for marigolds to grow strong and large, you need to choose fertile soils, in extreme cases, neutral. The plant will be delighted with the shade, but it will be able to adapt to it quite normally. Only one species, erect marigolds, does not like shade, therefore, they begin to disappear.
Like every plant, marigolds love to be well looked after and cared for. That is why they delight the owner with their long flowering and growth. It is necessary to ensure that the plant grows on fertile lands, therefore it is worth feeding the soil with the help of various dressings about 2-3 times during the entire growing season.
Also, marigolds can be grown at home in pots, bowls and boxes. They can be placed on the balcony or on the windowsill. After all, this is the simplest decorative flower that is simply irreplaceable for decoration.
When should you plant marigolds for seedlings?
If you plant marigolds immediately in open soil, then do not forget that they are sensitive to a drop in temperatures. For example, if the air temperature is minus one, then your beautiful flower may, unfortunately, die.
That is why it is advisable to plant seedlings at home so that the flowers do not die immediately on the first night. It is recommended to do this in March or April, it all depends on the variety of marigolds. If planted on time, you will be able to observe beautiful and lush flowers already at the beginning of summer!
Before planting marigolds, you need to make the earth nutritious, with the help of various minerals, also loose. You need to dig up the ground.
During the growth period, a temperature of 18 to 22 degrees must be observed. You need to water the seedlings once a week, or twice, this does not harm the plant. Transplanting into the ground takes place in late spring, that is, in May. You need to plant the plant 2-4 cm deeper than it was in the box.
If you want to plant marigolds immediately in the soil, then you should do this in early June. It is this time that is considered the most successful for planting. The first shoots of marigolds will appear within 6-10 days. In almost two months, the flowers themselves will appear.
In general, planting thin-leaved marigolds is very easy if you know what time is the most favorable for planting. By the way, the smell of marigolds repels small pests. And for a person, the smell is very useful, as it calms the nerves and relieves stress.
How to care for marigolds, video instruction: