In the flowerbed at the foot of the narcissistic tall flowers, who rightly consider themselves an adornment of any garden, discreet purslane modestly lurked. And suddenly, at the very beginning of summer, a bright fireworks display of miniature beautiful flowers flares up above them.
- general information
In Europe, purslane began to grow from the beginning of the nineteenth century. He came to us from Latin America and in our latitudes is known as an annual. Terry purslane is a low-growing plant, the purslane family. It reaches a height of about 20 centimeters.
The fleshy leaves and stems of the purslane give the impression of a very delicate plant. His branches are light green, in places with a purple tint, creeping. Its roots are spindle-shaped, branched.
Terry purslane flower does not form an inflorescence, its diameter reaches almost 7 centimeters. It consists of several balls of petals, therefore, it resembles a tiny rose or peony. This ornamental plant produces a capsule fruit with a huge number of seeds.
Those who decide to breed purslane in their flower garden will not regret it. After all, this plant, undemanding to conditions and care, is distinguished by exquisite beauty.
Clinging to every piece of soil, purslane allows the grower not to worry about the fact that some part of his flower bed is empty. This often happens when a new area allotted for flowers is just settling in: perennials did not have time to grow sufficiently, and annuals for some reason did not take root - because of poor-quality seeds, seedlings or due to lack of moisture.
Terry purslane bloom begins in June and does not stop until frost. Since this plant tolerates drought very persistently, it is often used as a balcony plant, planting in long narrow containers around the perimeter of the balcony or in hanging pots. Alpine slides are decorated with purslane, where their properties are especially appropriate.
Novice growers may be upset because the very first flowers open only for one day, and disappear by the second. But after the beginning of solid flowering, the short period of existence of one flower will become invisible: the flower bed will look extremely elegant throughout the summer.
From mixtures of terry purslane, a variegated flower garden is obtained. Such an abundance of colors is given not to many colors. Some purslane bushes give a porcelain-white bloom, and nearby are its roses with yellow petals. Scattering of red, orange, crimson and pink flowers cause genuine delight. But flowers with spotted petals and variegated stains are already a complete sensation.
In our climatic conditions, the following varieties of double purslane are most common:
- Flamenco - is distinguished by an abundance of shades
- Pun - resembles a rose bush
- Sunglo - the largest flowers
- Mango - coral orange shade of flowers
- Hybrid Cream - creamy flowers, dark in the center, the diameter of which exceeds 4.5 cm.
All the benefits of terry purslane simply cannot be enumerated. All that remains is to start growing it!
The easiest way to dilute purslane is with seeds. They are quite small: about 12 thousand pieces per 1 gram. Therefore, for sowing at the very beginning of spring, they are scattered right over the surface of the soil freed from under the snow. To protect against spring frosts, the sowing is covered with foil.
For growing double purslane in more northern latitudes, the seedling method is used with sowing seeds in pots in February. Seeds can be combined with sand - 1 to 4, so that they are distributed and sprout more evenly.
Glass is placed on top of the pot and placed in a place well-lit by the sun.
The temperature should be moderate, at least 17 °. Under normal conditions, shoots of purslane appear within a week. It is advisable to moisten the soil under tender seedlings with a spray bottle. But waterlogging of the soil should be avoided. To avoid stretching the sprouts and to harden the plants after sprouting at night, the temperature in the room must be lowered.
Seedlings can be dived to give space to the sprouts. The removed plants can be immediately planted in a box with soil, because they will withstand the transplant quite steadily. Purslane seedlings can be placed in a permanent place at the end of April - mid-May, when there is no threat of frost. It is important to adhere to the optimal distance between the shoots - about 15 centimeters.
If it suddenly happens that the first shoots disappear, then you should not despair: you can sow purslane at a later time, even in May, covering the soil with a film. Seedlings will appear very quickly. Half a month after germination, bushes resembling small Christmas trees can be transplanted to a permanent place in a flower garden. At the age of about 6 weeks, strong buds will appear above the developed plants, and after another week they will bloom.
A very common way of breeding a terry purslane is to dig out a part of a flower rug in a flower bed and transplant it to a new place. You can also purchase seedlings of this plant, which will also take root painlessly and will adorn the entire flower garden for a long time.
Moreover, next year there will be a surprise for flower growers: these resistant plants are sown in the ground during the season and sprout together in spring. Not a plant, but a find!
For normal growth, a purslane needs a permanent place, and not an angle for one season. The only important point in caring for him is the removal of weeds. You can break the seedlings a little so that they do not oppress each other and the purslane grows more magnificent.
After sowing purslane, it is important not to miss the moment of emergence of shoots and not to disturb them when loosening the soil. Due to the fact that the first shoots are very tiny, you can simply not notice them and consider that the plant has not risen. However, usually the purslane still rises, and even very amicably.
However, it is important for him to have enough warmth and sun. Therefore, the flower beds or balconies on which the sowing of purslane is planned should be well illuminated by the sun, because it will not be able to fully develop and bloom in a shaded place. At the same time, its branches become thinner, stretched and become unattractive.
Watering purslane needs systematic. This is especially important before sprouting and during dry times. But from excess moisture, purslane can get soaked and completely disappear.
As for the soil, then terry purslane is almost indifferent to it: wherever it is planted, it will grow there. But on heavy wet soils, the plant will develop poorly. Soils too rich in fertilizers lead to the formation of abundant greenery and weakening of flowering. Therefore, purslane is indispensable on sandy soils with a large number of stones of different diameters.
The advantage of purslane is that it is resistant to pests and diseases. It is extremely rare that plants can infect the fungus Albugo portulaceae, from which spots appear on their leaves, and the shoots are deformed. Diseased stems need to be thrown away, and the remaining plants should be sprayed with copper sulfate.
Terry purslane flowering on video: