Sweet (Bulgarian) pepper is considered one of the most favorite crops among gardeners and gardeners. The variety of varieties of this vegetable allows you to choose an option for every taste, but in order to get a really good harvest, you need to know about some of the nuances of growing and caring for it.
- Planting pepper for seedlings
- Planting pepper in the ground
- Greenhouse Pepper Care
Planting pepper for seedlings
Pepper, which is native to the countries of South America, loves warmth very much. Therefore, in the conditions of our latitudes, the agricultural technology of growing this crop involves preliminary sowing of seeds for seedlings, even for the southern regions. This work begins at different times depending on the climatic conditions of a particular area.
So the most favorable days for planting pepper in the south of Russia is the end of February (on the days of the growth of the moon in accordance with the lunar calendar). For middle latitudes, the best time for these works is considered to be the second half of March and the beginning of April.
In addition, the time of sowing seeds also depends on the conditions in which the peppers will be grown in the future: in a greenhouse or in the open field. It should also be noted that early planting of pepper seeds for seedlings requires additional lighting.
You should not expect quick sprouting of pepper seeds. On average, this may take from 2 to 2.5 weeks. Moreover, the longer the seeds were stored, the longer this period will last. And four-year-old seeds may not work at all.
Good advice! To select the most healthy and full-bodied seeds, they need to be immersed in a weak solution of sodium chloride for 5 minutes. Those seeds that remain floating on the surface should be discarded. The best specimens will sink to the bottom.
Further preparation of seeds for planting consists in soaking for 5 hours, after which they are wrapped in a paper towel and placed in a plastic bag. Place this bag in a warm place and wait for the seeds to germinate.
In order for the seedlings to develop well, they need to create certain conditions. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime - 250C during the day and 150C at night, monitor the humidity of the air (for this, often ventilate and spray the room, protecting the sprouts from drafts). Pepper will not be very happy with too moist soil, but you should not overdry the earthen lump either. Watering should be done with warm water at room temperature.
Planting pepper in the ground
- When the seedlings have 8-10 leaves and stretch up 16-20 cm, they can be transplanted into the ground. By this time, the soil should warm up to 150C. The most favorable days for planting pepper in the ground are late May and early June.
- Before planting in the soil, seedlings should be "accustomed to the sun." If it is transplanted without preliminary hardening, it is possible to achieve complete destruction of the green part. The seedlings will spend at least 2-3 weeks to recover from the roots.
- Experienced gardeners prepare the soil for the pepper a year before growing. The best predecessors of pepper are zucchini, pumpkin, cucumbers, and onions. Peppers should not be planted where eggplant, potatoes, tomatoes, and eggplants were previously planted.
- In autumn, deep into the soil, it is necessary to introduce 50g. phosphorus and potash fertilizers, and in the spring only ammonium nitrate (40 g) is introduced into the topsoil. A week before the planting of seedlings, it is advisable to carry out the procedure for disinfecting the soil with a solution of copper sulfate (1 tbsp. Spoon in a bucket of water).
- Seedlings are planted in the ground according to the 40x40cm scheme, approximately to the same depth at which the seedlings were sitting in the box. In this case, the roots should not remain bare, and the basal neck should not be buried.
The peculiarity of pepper lies in its high ability to pollinate, therefore, for different varieties, you should prepare beds in different parts of your garden (for example, if sweet and bitter peppers are planted nearby, most likely the sweet variety will taste bitter).
Greenhouse Pepper Care
The most favorable days for planting peppers in an unheated greenhouse are early April. For tunnel shelters, this period is shifted until the end of May.
Pepper seedlings are planted in a greenhouse in two rows in a garden bed with a distance of 40 cm between them. If it is not possible to create beds, the seedlings are placed in separate pots with a diameter of at least 25 cm and a depth of 10-15 cm, which is necessary for the normal development of the root system. The seedlings are transplanted very carefully together with an earthen lump. You can plant two plants in one pot.
In order to achieve a high-quality crop in a greenhouse, it is necessary to constantly maintain certain conditions in it:
- First, it is important to observe the temperature regime. Before flowering, this indicator should correspond to a value not lower than 240C, and after flowering, the temperature can be raised to 280C.
- Secondly, it is very desirable to water the plants on time: at least once every 3 days.
- Third, don't underestimate the importance of feeding. This is especially true for those seedlings that grow in pots. You can feed the peppers with an aqueous solution of ready-made fertilizers (ammonium nitrate 20g, superphosphate 30g, calcium chloride 10g), or slurry, or wood ash.
In the process of plant growth, it is fed every 2 weeks. Thus, the plant will receive the required amount of nitrogen and phosphorus in a timely manner, without which it can die.
To rid the pepper of some diseases, the likelihood of which is very high when grown in a greenhouse, it is necessary to periodically loosen the ground.
Fruit formation puts a lot of stress on the stem, so the plant should be tied up. Ordinary wooden sticks can be used as a support. Ripe fruits are by no means plucked, but carefully cut off.
Knowing about all these nuances, and carefully monitoring the health of the plants, you can achieve very good yields of pepper, both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
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