The unforgettable aroma of tea with the addition of passion fruit won over many admirers of this drink. In a popular way, this fruit is called passionflower. And its scientific name is edible passionflower.
- Passion flower in nature and at home
- Eating passionfruit
- The healing properties of passion flower
Passion flower in nature and at home
This plant is also known as grenadilla, lilikoi, peshenfruit, passionfruit, sweet bowl, passion flower, cavalier's star and marquise. It came to us from South American countries, and is most actively grown in Sri Lanka, Australia, New Zealand and Israel. Under natural conditions, this plant is a perennial woody vine.
With its specific antennae, it clings and winds along the walls, along the trunks of trees. Climbing in this way, passionflower rises to a height of ten meters.
To protect itself from the rays of the scorching sun, the vine hides under a dense canopy of moist jungle vegetation. Hanging from trees, it creates dense thickets. Of the 400 plant species, the most popular is the edible passionflower.
Description of the plant:
- Liana passion fruit is evergreen. Its leaves are placed alternately, the plate is divided into three dark green lobes connected closer to the bottom, each about 20 centimeters long. The edge of the leaf is cut into small teeth.
- The passionfruit flower is single, about 3 centimeters in diameter. It consists of five sepals, five fleshy petals and five fragile stamens.
- The fruit is spherical, but there are also oblong species. The color is yellow and even dark purple. Ripens a few months after the flower has been pollinated.
At home, passion fruit is grown as an ampelous plant. The growth process of the vine is very fast. She needs a comfortable summer temperature no higher than 26 ° C, otherwise the passionflower leaves will disappear. In autumn, the plant needs cool conditions - within 15 ° C.
Maximum illumination is important for this vine. On the southern windows, it blooms profusely, but in the summer months edible passionflower needs shading. It should be watered abundantly at this time, and rarely in winter.
From spring to autumn, passion fruit should be sprayed. But this is unacceptable when exposed to direct sunlight. You need to feed passionflower twice a month from spring to late summer. It should also be replanted every year.
Until the buds appear, the passion fruit should be cut off by a third of the stem height before transplanting. It propagates by seeds in the spring, and by cuttings of the stems in the summer. Growing passionflower at home is an effortless and even enjoyable process.
Its exotic flowers look very impressive, filling the room with a light aroma, and the resulting fruits will deliver truly heavenly pleasure!
In the rainforest, both people and animals enjoy these amazing fruits. And in order to enjoy them outside the wild, edible passionflower was made a home plant and grown for the sake of delicious fruits.
Breeders, creating new varieties of passion fruit, try to embody in them the most pleasant aroma, large size of fruits, enhance their juiciness, achieve a brighter color, rich sugar content with sourness in taste. They are also working on the abundance of vitamin C, optimal skin thickness, pest and disease resistance.
Here, passionfruit is found mainly as an addition to cake, popsicles or compote. But most often, slices of this exotic fruit come across in tea mixtures.
The tasty yellow jelly-like mass inside the fruit is suitable for consumption raw. But it is also mixed with sugar and diluted with water. This is how aromatic drinks, amber jam, delicious sorbet or amazing jelly are made.
Fruit is also included in puddings, curd mousses and fruit cream cakes. Salads are decorated with slices of fruit, and the effect of rain is made from the crumbs on the surface of cream, jelly or ice cream.
With sweet jam based on this fruit, they make amazing toasts, meat dishes, and include marinades for poultry and fish. Passionflower is best combined with:
- almonds and hazelnuts
- pear and cinnamon
As well as lime combined with all dishes, edible passionflower makes the dishes extremely tasty. But when eating this fruit, you need to be careful: passion fruit is also inedible. Thus, a significant content of cyanide was found in azure passionflower. And in some other species there are many different poisonous substances, although less toxic than in azure.
The healing properties of passion flower
In addition to its extraordinary sweet taste and aroma, passionflower has many beneficial pharmacological properties. They are actively used for medical purposes. The fruits of passionflower have a significant content:
- vitamins A and C
- all B vitamins
- rare vitamin B3 called niacin
Indian tribes have long used the qualities of passion fruit. It is indispensable for them not only as a food product, but also as a medicine. They use the leaves of this plant to soothe and soothe pain. And the fruits heal the heart and get rid of the cough.
Since passionfruit is found in passionfruit, which has a mild sedative effect, in the countries of South America, they try to give juice from this fruit to too excited children before bedtime.
Also, passion fruit leaves healed bruises, kneading them and putting them in place of severe pain. Passionflower was also used for colic, for the treatment of intestinal disorders, for the treatment of dysentery. The plant helped to overcome menstrual irregularities and insomnia.
The peel takes up half the mass of the fruit. But it is also useful for its abundant content of ascorbic acid, proteins and carbohydrates. And the crushed peel waste is used as livestock feed and as fertilizer.
Edible passionflower is able to cope with neuralgia and eye problems. Even the epileptic seizures stopped after a course of passion fruit treatment. If muscle pains were overcome, then they also took this fruit.
In European countries, passion fruit has been cultivated since the 17th century. Since then, her broth has been valued as a sedative and tonic, actively used in modern medicine. According to the chemical composition, passion fruit is rich in glycosides, alkaloids and flavonoids.
Scientists were struck by the fact that the components of the fruit individually do not produce the effect that they can do in the composition of the plant. Passion fruit is especially prized for the sedative effect produced by the flavonoid chrysine. And alkaloids relieve spasms and lower blood pressure.
In addition to the well-known properties of passion fruit, in the course of research, its diuretic effect was also found. And at the beginning of this millennium, passionflower leaves became the basis of the anticash extract. Such properties of the plant can only be compared with codeine.
More recently, scientists have discovered the enhancing effect of passionflower on potency. It also promotes fertilization. Passion flower is also used for medical purposes and as a food product.
Trying to understand the action of edible passionflower, scientists have studied it for a very long time, they do not stop doing it today. Over a century of study, all the properties of passion fruit, which traditional medicine endowed it with, have been confirmed. Therefore, in modern medicine, it is recommended to be taken as a sedative, antispasmodic and anesthetic.
Watch an interesting video about blue passionflower, or passion fruit: