Chinese ash or how to grow the highest ailanth

In every country, city, estate or just a summer cottage there is a garden filled with a variety of flowers, bushes and trees. One of the most interesting plants is the Chinese ash, it is also the chumak, the highest ailanthus, the Chinese elder, the paradise - the tree and the divine tree.


  • Characteristics of culture
  • Growing Chinese Ash
  • Ailant care for the highest

Characteristics of culture

Chinese ash belongs to the long-livers of the genus Shimarubaceae, which grow and bear fruit for up to a hundred years. The area of ​​growth of ailant is China, North America, Asia, the Caucasus, the South of Russia, Ukraine.

Externally, the luxurious tree reaches a height of 20-30 meters, although the thickness of the cylindrical trunk is not more than 50 centimeters. Ash bark is dark gray, smooth, with rare small notches. Unpaired pinnate - compound palm-shaped leaves. They grow up to 60 centimeters, have a green color and 3 - 4 blunt ends. They are smooth from above, slightly rough on the back. When touched, they emit a not very pleasant pungent smell.

Small flowers of Chinese ash are bisexual and staminate, colored light green. They are located on thin and long panicles, reaching 20 centimeters in length. Flowering peaks in June and August. Sometimes it blooms again in autumn, but the peduncles are very small.

Unlike many ornamental trees, Chinese ash has fruits that are useful for humans, but original in shape. They are flat and irregular rhombic lionfish. They have different colors - from golden to red and brown. The length of the lionfish is up to 5 centimeters. It has a smooth brown grain inside. A medical extract is made from it. Aylanthus grains ripen from the beginning of September to November.

The root system of paradise-tree is very powerful. The tree loves moisture, therefore, it puts a root deep in order to draw a lot of nutrients from the depths. Despite such requirements, it grows well on dry rocky, sandy and gravelly soils, and normally tolerates salinity. However, for better growth and flowering, the tree should be planted on loamy and fairly damp areas of land, where there is a sufficient amount of light and water.

The tree is frost-resistant. The minimum temperature readings are 35 degrees Celsius.

Growing Chinese Ash

The propagation of Chinese ash is carried out in two ways:

  • Seeds;
  • Sapling.

Let's consider the advantages and disadvantages of these two methods.

Planting with seeds is the longest and most painstaking way of growing ash, since there is no guarantee that the seeds will sprout and the offspring will turn out to be strong. In any case, if you decide to plant a tree with seeds, it is worth using seed specimens rather than offspring.

In the spring, the sowing of seeds begins, which will give a new young generation. Before planting, we prepare the soil and the grains themselves. So, we take ash grains and soak them in warm water for 2 - 3 days. Then we choose a place for sowing.

Determining the site for the long life of ash is an important decision, since it is not recommended to replant the tree, even if they are still young. Chinese ash does not tolerate well adapting to new soil and lighting.

For planting, darkened places are ideal, protected from excess sunlight and drafts.

The soil does not have to be rich in nutrients, since you still have to add them yourself.

A plot measuring 3 by 3 meters is well dug up, the rhizomes of weeds are removed and fertilized with a manure solution, sprinkled with ash. The next day, the soaked seeds are sown. The standard sowing rate is 4 kilograms per 1 running meter. The grains are buried to a depth of 5 - 7 centimeters, sprinkled with a ball of earth, watered.

Seedlings appear in 3-4 weeks. A tree can grow up to 1 - 3 meters per year.

Planting a seedling is a quicker way to grow a beautiful decoration in your garden. The seedling does not take root as long as the grain emerges. But in the case of well-chosen soil and timely watering, the adaptation period of the tree is 2 - 3 weeks.

Ailant care for the highest

The basic rules for caring for the highest ailant are reduced to proper watering and fertilization.

It is worth watering the plant sparingly from the beginning of its sowing or planting. Do not use cold water for this. Water well warmed up in the sun will do, rain or river water is even better. In order for the plant to absorb moisture well, the tree should be dug in once every 5 - 6 months.

In addition to watering, Chinese ash loves various kinds of feeding. There are several nuances to consider here.

  1. The first top dressing is carried out immediately after cultivation. For this, mineral and organic substances are used;
  2. The second and subsequent ones are carried out only after 1 year and preferably in the spring.
  3. The choice of fertilizer is determined taking into account the characteristics of the soil.

Experienced gardeners also recommend insulating the tree trunk well. To do this, initially it is wrapped in cardboard, and covered with roofing material, which is not edible to animals and rodents.

Overview of Chinese Ash:

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