Chili or cayenne pepper is a very ancient plant. In folk medicine, he is revered for his ability to relieve headaches, heal arthritis, platelets, as well as for the prevention of colds and poisoning. Since then, breeders have bred a lot of other varieties of pepper - hot, sweet, pungent and many others. It is surprising that everyone knows about the greenhouse and garden method of growing a plant, but not everyone knows that pepper grows well both on the balcony and on the windowsill in the apartment.
- Preparing pepper seedlings: rules and recommendations
- Planting chili peppers in a permanent location
- Growing chili peppers at home
Preparing pepper seedlings: rules and recommendations
In many ways, chili peppers are no different from all other peppers. Its seeds also need to be germinated. To do this, they should be placed between moistened napkins and left for several days (4-5). Such a procedure will significantly accelerate germination and retain heat. Just a couple of days and the swollen seeds will hatch. After that, they can already be sown. A shallow drawer is suitable as a dish. And what will happen if you ignore the manipulations with the germination of seeds and immediately sow them into the ground? Everything is very simple. The seeds will hatch much longer. Moreover, each individual type of pepper differs in its germination period. Sometimes it can last up to a month. Important tips for planting cayenne pepper seeds:
- The distance between the seeds should be at least 5 cm, otherwise the plant will suffer from a lack of light and, accordingly, will not stretch well.
- The soil should be fertile and with addition of vermiculite.
- The depth of immersion of seeds in the soil should be approximately 0.5 cm.
- It is advisable to end the planting process with soil irrigation.
In addition to the above rules, care should be taken to maintain moisture and access to heat. Each species needs its own temperature regime, but on average, the indicators are near the 22-25 degrees mark. Moreover, this temperature is needed all the time. How quickly the seeds germinate depends not only on the conditions created, but again, on the type of pepper. As soon as green tongues appear from the soil, you need to change the care of the seedlings. So, more light is needed. Its lack will have a negative effect on the length of the vegetable and its color. The best way to illuminate young plants is with artificial light. Moreover, you should take into account the following points:
- the distance from the lamp to the top of the seedlings should be 25-30 cm;
- 18 hours - this is how long the light day lasts for pepper;
- it is advisable to install a timer on the lamp, which will ensure the exact observance of the lighting time.
You can start transplanting as soon as the seedlings are decorated with two pairs of leaves. A vessel with a diameter of 8 to 10 cm is suitable for this. Make sure that it is not deep, otherwise the root system will be more developed than the fruiting top.
Planting chili peppers in a permanent location
When the length of young peppers is 10-15 cm, they are allowed to be transplanted into a large pot or greenhouse. At the same time, wait until the temperature indicators at night reach 10-12 degrees.
Planting cayenne pepper seedlings in open soil
Experts say that pepper develops much better in greenhouse conditions, and not in open ground. This is explained by a controlled temperature regime and a constant level of humidity. So, in a greenhouse, chili peppers can grow up to 1 meter in length and bear a huge amount of massive fruits.
If you create good conditions for cayenne pepper, then after a while you can admire a strong lush bush. If you prefer large fruits over their quantity, then just remove some of the flowers on the plant itself.
As for feeding, the same approval is suitable for this as for tomatoes. Water the pepper in an open greenhouse field with plenty of water and regularly. This makes the roots stronger. A plant grown in a pot also needs frequent watering, and on hot days, twice a day.
Growing chili peppers at home
Growing cayenne peppers is very similar to caring for tomatoes. Not surprising, because these are two related plants. Pepper requires warmth, light, moist, loose soil with good water permeability and air. At the same time, the plant cannot tolerate great heat, stagnant water and low temperatures. To grow cayenne pepper at home, you first need to decide on the type of plant. For growing in a pot on a windowsill, these types of peppers are best suited:
- treasure Island;
- Winnie the Pooh;
- Mysterious Island;
- the firstborn of Siberia.