Almost all gardeners grow sweet bell peppers. Its taste is difficult to confuse with something, it is determined by the small content of the alkaloid capsaicin.
- Benefits of Latino pepper
- How to grow seedlings
- Features of care in the garden
- Diseases and pests
Benefits of Latino pepper
When choosing varieties for planting sweet bell peppers, pay attention to the early maturing sweet hybrid Latino F1. Litera F1 means that if you collect the seeds of the grown vegetable and try to plant it next year, a plant may grow different from the mother. But do not be upset about this, seeds are not that expensive. If you like the hybrid, just buy them again next year. And there is something to like here. Firstly, this hybrid is early maturing, bearing fruit within 100-110 days after sowing. This means that if you sow it for seedlings in March, then in June you can get fresh produce. Secondly, Latino pepper has a high yield.With proper care, it yields up to 16 kg / m2, and the fruits are cuboid, walls up to 1 cm thick and about 12x12 cm in size and bright red in color. In the southern regions, this hybrid can be grown in the open field, in the central, northern and Siberia - it is better in a greenhouse, otherwise the yield will be much smaller, and the fruits themselves, too.
How to grow seedlings
Strong healthy seedlings are the key to a good harvest, therefore, their cultivation should be approached with all responsibility. Bell pepper seeds are tough, so they are soaked in a solution of some growth stimulant before planting. When they swell well (after 2 days), they are planted in peat tablets and slightly sprinkled with moist soil. The tablets, of course, must first be saturated with water so that they begin to resemble barrels in shape and are placed in a container. After sowing, the container is closed with a transparent lid or polyethylene to create a greenhouse effect inside.
After about a week, the seeds will sprout. When they have a couple - three of these leaves, we remove the outer mesh from the tablets and bury them in separate containers with fertile soil. It is important that they are not transparent, the root system must be closed from light. You can choose peat pots or just wrap ordinary plastic glasses with dark paper. If you are planting different varieties, be sure to mark their names. To do this, you can buy plastic knives from the hardware store, sign the name of the pepper or hybrid on them, and stick them in the ground next to it. The seedlings do not require additional feeding, but supplementary lighting is necessary for it. You can use ordinary table lamps by screwing in energy-saving lamps.
Features of care in the garden
Planting of seedlings is carried out in cloudy weather or in the evening and the first few days are covered from direct sunlight. When grown in open ground or in a greenhouse, it is imperative to weed, water a couple of times a week and feed twice a month with full mineral fertilizer, alternating its application with watering mullein infusion. If your pepper grows in a greenhouse, you should provide it with a temperature of 20-25 degrees. In order not to run to open and close the greenhouse, especially if it is located far from the place of residence, it is convenient to install a hydraulic cylinder on a window or door. This unit will open the greenhouse when the set temperature is exceeded and close otherwise. Its work is based on the property of bodies to expand when heated. When heated, the hydraulic cylinder pushes the rod fixed on the window or door and opens it.
The pepper grows to a height of about one meter and usually does not require a garter like tomato bushes, as the trunk is lignified. But if the plant is too strewn with fruits, it is better to tie it up so that it does not break under their weight. Peppers are best harvested at the stage of technical ripeness, when they are dark green in color. They will blush beautifully if you put them in boxes in a dark room, and a grateful bush will tie the next batch of fruits during this time. When autumn frosts are approaching, several shrubs can be transplanted into a pot, and they will bear fruit in your house throughout the next winter.
Diseases and pests
Latino pepper is resistant to the tobacco mosaic virus, but it is not immune from aphids and spider mites. If the plant is damaged, it will have to be sprayed with insecticides. Late blight does not affect peppers as often as tomatoes, but it still happens. In this case, the special means "Barrier" and "Barrier" will help.