"Lady yagoda" - this is how the hawthorn is called among the people. Binding "blood red" - for the color of the berries
- Description of blood red hawthorn
- Methods for harvesting blood red hawthorn
- Application of hawthorn
Description of blood red hawthorn
Not a large tree or bush, the height of which reaches 5 meters. Young hawthorn branches and shoots are shiny, have a brown-purple color, hard spines grow on the branches, the length of which is up to 4 centimeters. The leaves of the hawthorn are broadly rhomboid, short petiolate, obovate, or wedge-shaped, the base of which is pointed, and the edges are coarsely toothed and shortly pubescent on both sides. In summer, the hawthorn foliage is dark green; closer to autumn, it changes to a red-orange color. The flowers are quite small, white with a pinkish tinge, the diameter of the leaves in the inflorescences is 4-5 cm, a weak specific smell. Blood-red, sometimes brown or yellow-orange berry in the form of a ball with a diameter of 6 to 10 mm. The berry contains 2-5 seeds, each of which contains 1 seed. Sweet and sour mealy pulp. It tolerates winters well, it is considered a frost-resistant plant. They are mainly planted in squares, parks, residential yards, outside the natural environment. The types of reproduction are varied: by seeds, cuttings, indigenous offspring.
It begins to bear fruit in 10-15 years, but the blood-red hawthorn lives up to 400 years.
Hawthorn usually grows in rare dry forests of various types, in clearings and forest edges, as well as along river banks. It begins to bloom in May-June, and already the fruits ripen in September-October. During budding (at the beginning of flowering), the collection of flowers begins, and the collection of hawthorn fruits after the berries are fully ripe.
Methods for harvesting blood red hawthorn
So that the blanks are successful, the flowers are harvested at the very beginning of flowering, while they have not yet fully opened, cutting off the inflorescences and flowers. Despite the fact that the plant blooms often, it fades just as quickly, and if the weather is hot, it can take 2 - 3 days. Inflorescences are harvested with flowers slightly open, since flowers that have not opened at all dry for a long time and often turn brown. To dry, it is necessary in an hour, a maximum of two after collection, in dryers at a temperature not higher than 40 degrees. As an option, a place for drying is an attic, or a well-ventilated room, while spreading it out in a thin layer and sometimes turning it over.
The room in which the hawthorn is dried must be closed for the night, since the hawthorn flowers have increased hygroscopicity.
Raw materials with a bitter taste and low odor. It can be stored in closed boxes or glass jars for up to 2 years. Hawthorn berries are harvested when they are fully ripe, but before frost. Collect berries in baskets or bags, picking off clusters or individual berries. Drying methods are different: in an oven, in the sun, or in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 40-50 degrees. If dried naturally, you need to scatter 4-5 kg of hawthorn per 1 square meter. Before airing the finished raw materials, the defective berries are selected and the stalks are torn off. If a white bloom has formed on the dried raw material, do not be alarmed, this is crystallized sugar. The berries are bitter, with a slightly sweet sour taste, and a very faint smell. You can eat berries for about 8 years.
Application of hawthorn
Liquid extract and tincture - in such forms this plant is produced by the pharmaceutical industry. The extract is a part of the drug "Cardiovalene", which is used to treat rheumatic heart defects, autonomic neuroses, sclerosis of the cardiac vessels, with cardiovascular insufficiency of the I-II degree.
Sweetish taste, pleasant smell and brown color are hawthorn extract. It should be taken before meals (30 drops three times a day), if prescribed by a doctor!
In folk medicine, infusion, decoction, and tinctures are also used. They treat the following conditions and diseases:
- Hypertonic disease;
- Heart neuroses;
- Heart weakness;
- Heart rhythm disorder;
- For the relief of menopause;
- To improve blood circulation;
- To normalize sleep;
- To increase the amount of milk in nursing mothers;
- As a sedative;
- As an anti-stress agent;
- For the rejuvenation of the body.
Jelly and jam are cooked from the fruits, added to dishes for a pleasant smell, and they are also used for dyeing fabrics. The plant itself can often be seen as a hedge in summer cottages.
The hawthorn did not go unnoticed in veterinary medicine - with its help they regulate blood circulation in animals. But bees collect sweet nectar from hawthorn and this honey is considered especially useful.