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Tomato seedlings - proper cultivation and planting in the ground


Not every gardener decides to grow tomatoes. Many either do not have the opportunity to place greenhouses on the site, or they simply do not have enough time and energy to tinker with germinating seeds, growing seedlings, and caring for adult plants.

Content:

  • Preparing seeds for planting
  • How to choose a soil for seedlings
  • Growing seedlings

But those who do plant their own tomatoes, I think, do not regret it at all! After all, self-grown vegetables are always tastier and healthier than purchased ones.

Tomatoes are a vegetable culture that is quite familiar to us; it would seem that everything about it has been known for a long time. But still, many gardeners are faced with the problems of growing it. Therefore, it is necessary to dwell once again on, probably, the main stage of cultivation - this is tomato seedlings. After all, planting tomatoes directly into the ground is possible only in very warm climates, which the middle zone of Russia does not indulge in. Therefore, basically, tomatoes are grown precisely through seedlings.

Preparing seeds for planting

Sow tomato seeds both dry and after soaking. The second method allows the seeds to pre-swell in water, which accelerates the rate of their germination.

Before sowing, you need to carefully inspect the seeds and separate all the defective ones. This can be done in a saline solution: add 30-40 grams of table salt to 1 liter of water and place tomato seeds in it for about ten minutes.

Then you need to throw away all those seeds that have remained floating on the surface, and choose the drowned seeds, rinse with clean water.

After that, the seeds need to create conditions for swelling. This requires:

  • take saucers or plates, place wet paper napkins or cloth in them, spread seeds on top;
  • cover containers with lids so that moisture does not evaporate quickly and put in a warm place for about 10-20 hours;
  • swollen seeds should be sown immediately, and not after a while.

If the seeds are completely fresh, then preparatory soaking may not be carried out, since fresh tomato seeds have a fairly good germination capacity.

How to choose a soil for seedlings

You can grow tomato seedlings in several types of soil. It can be used as a mixture of turf and humus soil, taken in equal proportions, or purchased mixtures intended for vegetables.

In any case, the soil for tomato seedlings should be chosen light and loose. This can be achieved by adding baking powder such as peat or sawdust.

The seedlings are developing very well in the coconut substrate. Shredded coconut fiber is rich in nutrients and rarely rot plants. Seedlings in such conditions grow very strong, develop well, have a healthy and well-developed root system.

Peat tablets also perform well. They are very convenient, because when growing seedlings in them, picking can be avoided, and, therefore, possible damage to the roots, which can lead to the death of plants.

Another undoubted advantage of the tablets is that one can sow a couple at once, or even three or four seeds at once, which significantly saves space for seedlings.

Growing seedlings

If we take into account all the measures for germination, the emergence of seedlings and the like, then sowing tomato seeds for seedlings should be around the middle of March - at 15-20 days.

If you decide to use seedling boxes, then the seeds must be planted in shallow (05, -1.0 cm) holes and sprinkled with earth, after which the box must be covered with foil or some kind of lid.

The timing of seed germination depends on the variety of tomatoes, the observance of the temperature in an impromptu greenhouse and, of course, the quality of the seed. But on average, at +25 degrees, shoots appear within a week.

Immediately after emergence, it is necessary to provide the seedlings with adequate lighting. Without it, the sprouts will be very elongated, they will have frail stems. Tomatoes are very demanding on light, therefore daylight hours should not be less than 12-16 hours a day. It is often even recommended to have round the clock supplementary lighting in the first 2-5 days.

During the day, it is advisable to keep the temperature + 18-20 degrees, and at night to reduce it to + 14-16.

Excessive waterlogging is highly undesirable, since tomato sprouts can rot very quickly. It is often even recommended not to water the seedlings at all until the first leaf appears on them. If the soil is very dry, then you can sprinkle it with water.

In the future, tomato seedlings require watering once a week, and when each plant has at least five true leaves, you can already switch to watering once every three to four days.

Tomato seedlings are afraid of spring temperature drops and frosts, therefore they are planted in open ground when warm weather sets in without a sharp drop in temperature.


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