An unequivocal answer to the question of which varieties of cucumbers are the best is probably impossible to give, because every gardener has his own favorite, reliable, proven variety, which he completely trusts. But still, it is worth knowing which varieties are best suited for pickling or pickling, because barrel cucumbers are still different from universal ones.
- Classification of varieties of cucumbers
- Growing cucumbers according to the characteristics of the varieties
- The most popular varieties of cucumbers
Classification of varieties of cucumbers
All gardeners and gardeners know that there are three types of cucumbers:
- salad - for making salads and eating fresh; These cucumbers are usually covered with white thorns. They are indispensable for a salad - juicy, crispy, but they are not at all suitable for salting - they become soft, tasteless. The yield is high.
- for pickling and salting - for canning and rolling, their skin is thin, and the pulp is elastic and dense;
- universal - suitable for both preservation and salads (such varieties cannot boast of high yields).
Growing cucumbers according to the characteristics of the varieties
Cucumbers can be divided into two types:
- for open cultivation;
- for protected cultivation - in greenhouses and greenhouses.
Cucumbers grown outdoors are much tastier, but the best harvest can be obtained precisely thanks to the closed method.
- watering - only with warm water;
- top dressing - once a week (diluted mullein, bird droppings or fermented grass);
- harvest - every day for gherkins and every other day for others.
The most popular varieties of cucumbers
- “Lilliput” F1 is an early maturing variety, suitable for both open and closed cultivation. Ideal for pickling in small jars - small gherkins look aesthetically pleasing.
- "Graceful" is an early ripening variety: from the time of emergence to the first ripe vegetable, on average, only a little over a month passes. Calmly tolerates cold and is resistant to various diseases. Zelenets is of universal use, characterized by a neat shape and dense thorns.
- “Bully” F1 and “Zadavaka” F1 - shade-tolerant cucumbers, intended for cultivation in regions where there is a high risk of adverse weather conditions. Ripen very early - 40 days, while each bush simultaneously produces 6-7 fruits. The cucumbers are beautiful, have a regular cylindrical shape, there are few thorns, but they are large. Length - up to 10 cm. The taste is juicy and crunchy. The main advantage is not bitter at all! Fruiting until late autumn, resistant to various diseases. Suitable for fresh consumption and preservation.
- Zozulya F1 (F1) - one of the "old" varieties, bred back in the 70s, therefore it is not resistant to powdery mildew. But since it is usually grown in greenhouses, a high yield is harvested before the spread of this disease. Pros - multiple harvest, long and extended fruiting, very rapid growth of shoots.
- Parthenocarpic - early maturing, the main condition for a good harvest is the presence of a large number of bees. Cucumbers differ in length - up to 22 cm and weight - up to 300 grams. Variety - salad, can be grown on a windowsill.
- Emelya F1 (F1) - it is recommended to grow under a film, in a greenhouse. Early ripe, ideal for pickling. Pleases with high yield. Zelentsy are spindle-shaped, reaching a length of up to 15 cm. It does not require pollination, as it is parthenocarpic. Of the minuses, it is very unstable to powdery mildew and root rot, but it is not afraid of olive spot and cucumber mosaic.
- Blizzard F1 (F1) is the earliest of the previously considered varieties - you can crunch a fresh cucumber after 37 days. With good care, vegetables are up to 8 cm, of the correct cylindrical shape with large tubercles. Resistant to powdery mildew.
- “Novgorodets” F1 - the best variety for salting in a barrel. This hybrid variety does not require special attention and care, is resistant to various diseases, calmly tolerates sudden and prolonged cold snaps and rains. Fruiting on the 46th day, before the first frost. The fruits are small in size, have a strong aroma and a dense skin, there are very few tubercles, there are white stripes. Doesn't taste bitter at all.
- White Angel F1 (F1) - medium ripening variety. A characteristic difference is the white color of cucumbers (a cucumber with a light green tint is considered mature). Tastes good, suitable for both fresh salads and pickling. It is the white color that makes this variety both in demand at the same time, and discourages the desire to plant them in your garden.
No matter how many types of cucumber varieties exist, everyone can name their favorite and will not experiment with others.
Video: How to grow cucumbers. Varieties and hybrids.