Genus that includes some species of perennial herbaceous plants, originating from the American continent, Africa and Asia. They have erect stems, slightly arched, of bright purple color, which constitute large bushes, very branched, which reach 3-3.5 meters in height; throughout the summer, until the beginning of autumn, they produce numerous white, star-shaped flowers, gathered in long panicles. The leaves are alternate, oval, pointed, light green. Towards the end of flowering the panicles that bear the flowers are filled with small green berries, which become black or purplish when ripe; sometimes the stems that carry the inflorescences are decombing. All parts of the plant are poisonous, but the young shoots are consumed, but after being cooked.
There pokeweed It is a fairly resistant plant that does not require special care but needs a bright exposure to develop at its best. For this reason it is good to put the shrubs of phytolacca dioica in a sunny place, even in the partial shade; in general it does not fear the cold, even if some species are lively, therefore the aerial part dries up when colds arrive.
The plants of pokeweed they are a rather rustic and resistant species and, for this reason, they are usually satisfied with the rains, even if it is advisable to water them in case of long periods of drought so as to avoid suffering in the plant. Avoid excesses and water stagnation that would compromise health; in spring and during planting it is good to bury a slow release fertilizer or mature manure at the base of the bush.
The phytolacca prefers loose, deep and well-drained soils, but develops without problems in any terrain given its rusticity; before planting one phytolacca dioica It is good to work the growing medium, mixing composting soil and a little sand from the garden soil.
The multiplication of the phytolacca takes place by seed at the end of the winter directly at home; in autumn it is possible to remove some portions of the root, or of the basal shoots, and to bury them directly at home. These plants are easily self-seeding so it is good to check that it does not become a pest in the garden.
Phytolacca - Phytolacca dioica: Pests and diseases
The phytolacca dioica in general, being a very rustic and resistant plant, is not attacked by pests or diseases. If you notice details that could suggest the occurrence of problems, it is possible to intervene with broad-spectrum antiparasitic products that can effectively combat diseases.