Planting a raspberry bush can be done at any time of the year. Basically, these are spring-autumn events, but in the summer, both transplantation and planting of raspberries are possible. In any case, it is necessary not only to plant the plant, but also to carry out the correct pruning of the bush.
- Basic methods of planting raspberries
- The main technological aspects of growing raspberries
- The choice of planting material
- Planting raspberries. Nuances
- Garter of a raspberry bush
Basic methods of planting raspberries
Two methods of planting a raspberry bush are used: in trenches and pits. Today, few people use the method of planting in holes, and it gradually fades into the background. More and more gardeners began to use the method of planting bush raspberries in trenches. This method is good in that all plantings at the same time and in equal proportions receive the amount of moisture and nutrients that are necessary for the plant during the growing season.
The preparation of trenches is carried out in advance, about a month before the planned planting of raspberry seedlings. Trenching work involves some physical stress, but provides good maintenance that results in higher yields of the raspberry crop.
It is advisable to arrange raspberry bushes with the trench planting method at a distance of half a meter from each other. A trench where bush raspberries are planted is one of the planting methods that ensures an annual increase in the number of young shoots. In the fourth year, their number can reach 10-12, if timely and regular cutting of weak shoots from a raspberry bush is made.
The main technological aspects of growing raspberries
- Selection of varieties. Preference is given to varieties with rapid development of shoots, offspring and root system. Cultivars are selected that branch well on their own or as a result of pinching.
- Choosing a site for planting raspberries. The soil under the raspberry tree must be well cultivated. It is recommended to plant 2-3 seedlings at one point to get a full-fledged fruiting bush for the next year. In the center of the future bush, it is necessary to place a support for the stems. Supports are placed in various shapes: in the form of rays, "peacock's tail", or columns.
- Tracking the growth of offspring. The mother bush is capable of producing several offspring at a distance of 2-3 meters. Stronger offspring are used as planting material, and the weaker ones are destroyed.
- Obligatory removal of biennial stems after harvest.
Subject to the rules for carrying out technological aspects, the raspberry bush receives the following:
- full lighting;
- good ventilation, excluding the susceptibility of the bush to fungal diseases;
- isolation of bushes from each other, preventing the spread of diseases.
The choice of planting material
When choosing raspberry seedlings, preference is given to specimens with an average thickness of shoots and a well-developed root system. The preferred number of superficial stems is 2 or 3. Adult bushes with a large number of shoots are not recommended for planting.
After purchasing a raspberry bush and before transporting it to a new location, it is necessary to ensure the viability of the root system. To do this, the roots of the plant should be covered with straw or wrapped in a damp cloth. In place, the bush should be dug in before planting. Prolonged exposure to the open air of the uncovered root system can have a detrimental effect on the further development and vitality of the raspberry bush.
It is not recommended to store the planting material in plastic bags for a long time. As a result of such storage, root rot develops, which leads to a deterioration in the quality of plants.
Planting raspberries. Nuances
It is advisable to strengthen and fertilize the roots of seedlings before planting. To do this, they are dipped in a bucket of mullein and clay with various additives. As additives, you can use various biologically active substances, such as phosphorobacterin, humates, root, etc.
Before planting, shoots of seedlings must be cut to a height of at least 35 cm.
Garter of a raspberry bush
Polypropylene cords are used to tie a raspberry bush during the growing season. They do not rot, do not stretch and firmly hold the stems of plants in an upright position. Along the landings, two stretched cord strands are evenly spaced at a distance of 1 and 1.5 m from the ground. Every 20 cm, the filaments are tied together, forming a light frame that holds the fruiting stems on itself, not allowing them to bend. Outwardly, a raspberry plantation with this garter method resembles an exotic hut.
In conclusion, I would like to say that the raspberry shoot is devoid of dense bark. With the onset of frost, the raspberry can freeze out. In order to avoid the loss of the raspberry plantation, it is necessary to carry out simple agrotechnical work to protect the raspberry bushes from harsh winters.
To do this, the shoots of raspberry bushes are tied and bent to the ground, forming many arcs in the areas. It is desirable that the height of such arcs does not exceed 25 cm from ground level. With this arc height, there is a possibility that the entire plant will be covered with snow. The stems of the bushes are bent to one side in the direction of the trenches.