Also

Growing winter garlic in three approaches


Garlic is the most popular vegetable crop among different nations. I will turn my attention to growing winter garlic.

Content:

  • Updating garlic with bulbs
  • Soil and lighting
  • Predecessors and successors
  • About garlic arrows
  • Storage

Updating garlic with bulbs

The most common way to grow winter garlic is from chives. But it happens that with this method, it begins to grow smaller every year, in this case, the cultivation of winter garlic should take place in three approaches.

  • 1 year - we take four-tooth heads, select the largest ones and plant them. From the grown heads and seeds from the bulbs on the arrows, we again select the largest ones for the next year.
  • 2 years old - we plant seeds from the first year bulbs on the garden bed, we get round heads (one-toothed ones). The arrows do not appear in this case.
  • 3 years old - we plant one-toothed. They will give full arrow heads.

Winter garlic is usually planted in late September or early October. It is better to plant such garlic in high beds in 2, 3 or 4 rows, 35-40 cm apart.

In the third year, we have one-tooth and bulb seeds. They can be planted immediately on 2-3 beds. Large cloves - for seeds.

Winter garlic should be planted to a depth of five to seven centimeters (cloves and one-toothed), three to five - seeds from bulbs; use the longitudinal grooves. After planting the garlic, fill the grooves with humus from the compost one level with the garden bed, sprinkle it with earth on top.

When planting, it is good to pour a tablespoon of sand into each hole, then put a clove, then add a tablespoon of sand again. Good micro-drainage is created around the heads with the help of the introduced sand, so your future crop will be protected from waterlogging.

In early spring (late April), garlic should be fed with urea. The second feeding one week after the first. The third is in June.

Watering is necessary once a week, provided that there is no rain.

When the fifth leaf appears, the garlic shoots an arrow. Then you should excavate the soil for about half of the bulb. When the arrows turn out to the end (end of July), they need to be cut off. At the same time, the heads of garlic are dug up and placed under a shelter (canopy) until the leaves are completely dry. Then everything is cut off, only the head remains, ready for use.

Soil and lighting

Unlike onions, garlic is a more demanding crop in relation to the soil. He needs cultivated, loose soils with a significant organic content. Garlic is still very sensitive to the acidity of the soil.

In addition, it is more frost-resistant and even drought-resistant than onions, but it needs more light and moisture.

Predecessors and successors

Early harvest crops are good precursors for garlic. These include cucumber, early cabbage, carrots, greens. To avoid damage by pests and diseases, it is not recommended to plant garlic after onions and garlic. Many people plant garlic among strawberry plantations. But this is unlikely to help in the fight against the nematode, most likely on the contrary, these unpleasant pests will appear in the bulbs.

So that the soil does not erode after harvesting the garlic, its place can be planted with spinach, salad, radish. Such planting is also good to do so that weeds do not colonize the free space. If there are already enough such crops in the garden, then sow the garden with white mustard, it perfectly restores the soil and protects it from weathering.

About garlic arrows

There are recommendations for twisting and tying garlic tops to weaken the formation of arrows. It is better not to do this, since the growth of foliage is weakened, photosynthesis decreases, and, consequently, the nutrition of the heads of garlic. In addition, various infections can enter the damaged leaf tissue, leading to diseases. Therefore, when flower arrows appear, they should be broken.

To distill the bulbs, it is enough to leave a couple of peduncles, but then they need to be marked with some kind of peg or tied up with a mark. When the cover on the arrow unfolds and bursts, you need to remove the plant from the garden along with the head, shake off the soil and hang it up to dry with roots. The bulbs are removed after drying. Bulbs are needed to improve the health of garlic and save material for planting.

Storage

Do not store garlic, disassembled into cloves and sprinkled with salt. Salt actively absorbs moisture, and garlic shrivels quickly. You can put the dried garlic in three-liter jars by tying the neck with a cloth. There is no need to store garlic in refrigerated chambers, it deteriorates much faster.

If at the time of cleaning you find any signs of rot or just mold, then it is better to clean the heads of excess scales, and immediately cut off the tops and roots. Then immerse the whole heads of garlic in the Fitosporin solution for about 0.5 hour. Start drying garlic in the attic only after decontamination.

Remember that properly grown garlic will not only add a special taste to your dishes, but also saturate your body with essential vitamins.


Watch the video: Brilliant idea. How to grow Onions u0026 Garlic in Styrofoam Box for beginners (December 2021).