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Decorative nightshade - growing and care


Decorative nightshade can be found in almost any flower shop, especially often before the New Year. The nightshade bushes look very beautiful and festive thanks to the bright orange-red berries that resemble cherries.

It is worth immediately considering the fact that it is not recommended to start a nightshade at home if you have small children. All parts of this plant are poisonous! It is especially dangerous to eat its fruits.

Content:

  • Nightshade care: temperature, lighting and watering
  • Problems with growing nightshade and its disease
  • How to fertilize nightshade
  • Nightshade transplant rules

Nightshade belongs to the vast family of nightshades, native to South America. In culture, both vegetable representatives of this family and decorative ones are known. In total, there are about 1,500 species. Some of them have medicinal properties. So, the berries of the nightshade pepper are effectively used to treat sore throats.

Nightshade care: temperature, lighting and watering

In the care of nightshade is unpretentious, so even novice growers can handle it. The only thing that can become an obstacle in acquiring this indoor plant is the need to arrange cool wintering for nightshades at 13-15 degrees Celsius.

In the spring-summer period, it is worth sticking to 19-25 degrees above Celsius. Also, regular pruning is a mandatory measure in growing nightshade at home, they are necessary to form a bush and give it a beautiful shape.

Decorative nightshade with a lack of lighting can stretch out, so he needs to find a bright place. Any window sill will do, except for the one located in the northern part of the house. A small amount of light also leads to less abundant flowering of the plant, and, therefore, very few fruits will be tied on it. In the summer, it is useful to expose the nightshade outdoors to fresh air in a slightly shaded place. A balcony, veranda or garden will do.

The soil in a pot with decorative nightshade should be constantly slightly moist, it cannot be overdried.

In summer, the tree needs more abundant watering, in winter - moderate. He loves the plant and spraying very much, so you need to try to maintain high humidity. But the nightshade does not need to arrange a "swamp" in a pot, especially during cold winters. It will be good to put the pot on a pallet with damp expanded clay.

Problems with growing nightshade and its disease

  • If watering is insufficient during the hot period, the foliage may crumble at the plant. In cold weather, nightshade, on the contrary, sheds its leaves when the soil in the pot is too wet.
  • If nightshade berries fall, there is not enough light in the room or low humidity. In this case, you need to find a brighter and cooler place with high humidity.
  • If there are no fruit ovaries on the nightshade after flowering, then, most likely, pollination did not occur. To cause fruiting, it is necessary to rearrange the flowering plant for several days in a well-ventilated place (direct drafts should be avoided, but there should be a constant flow of fresh air) or pollinate yourself with a soft brush.
  • If the ambient temperature is too high, then nightshade is more likely to be attacked by spider mites. It can be found under the underside of the leaves. To combat it, it is necessary to increase the air humidity around the bush and apply acaricidal agents to treat the affected areas.
  • When transferring nightshade to the garden for the summer, you need to make sure that the leaves and tops of the shoots are not damaged by aphids. These areas lose color saturation, and the leaves begin to curl, turn yellow and fall off. In this case, it is urgent to carry out processing with phytoverm, inta - verom or derris.

How to fertilize nightshade

It is very important to regularly feed the plant to ensure effective flowering and mass fruiting.

In the spring and summer, apply fertilizer with watering once a week. If necessary, fertilize the plant no more than once a month during the cold period. Complex mineral fertilizers or special fertilizers for nightshade vegetable crops (for example, for tomatoes and peppers) are suitable for nightshade. During the growing season, any complex designed for flowering plants is also perfect. It is advisable to slightly reduce the recommended dosage.

Nightshade transplant rules

Ornamental nightshade is considered to be an annual plant. However, with periodic transplanting and pruning, it can effectively decorate a home for more than one year.

Nightshade is transplanted annually in late winter - early spring. In February, it is better not to water the plant at all. By this time, the fruits should be fully ripe and begin to crumble, and the leaves are already turning yellow. If the bush has become larger, then you can choose a larger pot for transplanting. The transplant mixture is easy to prepare yourself. To do this, mix turf, peat, humus soil with sand in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 1. The nightshade is heavily pruned (but not more than ½ part) and transplanted into fresh soil.

In general, caring for decorative nightshade does not take much time. The main thing is to choose a warm, bright place and do not forget about regular watering. To extend the life of the plant, transplant once a year, and during the summer, pinch the top for taller branches.


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