Common lingonberry is a perennial plant, which is an evergreen low shrub. Lingonberry bushes grow from 5 to 25 cm tall, the rhizome of the plant is creeping, and the stems are erect and well-branched.
Lingonberry blooms in May-June with small white-pink flowers, after which rather large berries are tied (about 8 mm in diameter), the taste of the berries is sour.
Beneficial features lingonberries have been known for a long time. Lingonberry leaves and shoots are used in traditional and folk medicine. For the manufacture of medicinal raw materials lingonberry leaves are harvested before flowering - in early spring. Leaves are taken only those that survived the winter, since the young leaves of this year turn black when dried. The second time, the raw materials can be harvested after the end of the flowering of lingonberries in the fall.
Common lingonberry is mainly used as a diuretic, it is used to treat diseases of the bladder and kidneys, kidney stones and urinary incontinence in children.
Also, the beneficial properties of lingonberry have found application in the treatment of rheumatism and gout, diarrhea, and it also has the ability to lower blood sugar levels.
Juice from ripe berries and the berries themselves are useful for vitamin deficiency and high blood pressure. For colds and associated fevers, tea is prepared from the berries.
Although the common lingonberry berries taste sour, the preserves and jams from it are tasty and very healthy. Both fresh berries and soaked berries are eaten. Lingonberry berries can be kept fresh for a long time due to the content of benzoic acid in them.