Looking at immortelle in the photo, we can conclude about the diversity of this plant. And, indeed, its genus numbers from 500 to 600 species!
It belongs to the Astrovye family and is more often perennial, less often annual grasses. This plant is also called cmin.
The immortelle can be found in forest glades, on dry slopes, where sandy soil prevails. The plant reaches a height of 30-50 cm, the stems are pubescent, erect, lignified closer to the soil surface.
It blooms in summer, the immortelle in the photo shows us lemon-yellow flowers, collected in small spherical baskets. As a medicinal raw material, immortelle is harvested at the very beginning of flowering, while the baskets have not yet opened. Raw materials are dried in the shade in the open air.
The immortelle is known in both traditional and folk medicine. It is used for inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder, stones in the gallbladder. The diuretic properties of cmin are used in kidney and bladder diseases.
Cmine has a pronounced choleretic effect, therefore preparations based on it are used for cholecystitis and hepatocholecystitis.
In folk medicine, immortelle herb is used in the form of teas as a choleretic agent, for the treatment of diseases of the bladder, gastritis, as a hemostatic agent.
Tsmin flower baskets contain the natural antibiotic arenarin, so decoctions on immortelle flowers are used as a disinfectant.
Tsmin flowers also contain vitamins C and K, essential oils, carotene, tannins and useful trace elements.