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Beautiful rose grafted on a rosehip


Roses are very drought tolerant crops that fit well into any garden landscape. Let's see how difficult it is to vaccinate this plant and what is required for this.

Content:

  • Vaccination technique
  • Standard rose
  • Budding in the butt

Vaccination technique

I want to tell you how I planted my roses on rose hips. I will say right away that there is nothing complicated about it, it just sounds scary! For those who do not know, I will first explain what a rootstock and a scion are. The graft is a part of our rose, which we will graft, respectively, the rootstock is a rosehip, onto which we will graft that very rose.

Spring is the best time for vaccinations and also the middle of summer.

Grafting roses on rose hips is as follows. We prepare the stock. We shovel the earth from the roots and wipe the neck well with a rag. We make a T-shaped incision on the neck, it is better to make it with a special budding knife. It is better not to make the incision from the sunny side of the plant.

It is easiest to choose the right plant for grafting when the buds are in full bloom. Almost all buds on such shoots may be suitable for budding at this time. The leaves are removed from the stem.

The sharpened grafting knife is held below the marked bud. Then, from the bottom up under the kidney, the flap is cut off with a shallow cut along with the tail. So from the shoot of a rose (scion), which we will graft, an eye is cut out with a piece of wood, three to four centimeters long. The cut of the wood must be oblique.

Carefully with a knife we ​​push apart the incised bark on the neck of the rosehip and insert the eye there. Press the remaining pieces of wood tightly to the root collar and wrap with electrical tape. Before winding, the protruding tip of the shield must be carefully cut off. If the tape is made of non-volcanic rubber, it will disintegrate by the time the graft coalesces. Such a tape will not need to be cut off from the plant on purpose: the rapidly developing neck will easily break it over time.

Important! We leave the peephole open! Sprinkle with earth and water a little. We are waiting for about four weeks. If we see that the bud is green during all this time, then the roses were grafted onto the rose hips correctly!

In order for the grafted rose to winter well, before the onset of cold weather, you can dig it in the ground and cover it with foliage.

The bud can grow in the current growing season, but most often its development will go to the beginning of next year. The upper part of the shoot must be cut in the spring just above the bud. This will prevent the possibility of overgrowth (savages) formation.

Standard rose

For the cultivation and formation of standard roses, a wrinkled rose is chosen as a rootstock. She should already have a large single shoot from 1.5 to 2.5 meters. Usually, shoots ready for grafting are planted in a row from autumn. Then a trellis is made of wire or mesh, stretched on posts.

They start budding next summer, when the bark on the plants is well behind. Usually 2-3 eyes are inoculated per scion. They are placed close to each other in a spiral. It is this arrangement that allows you to get a beautiful crown of a classic shape.

The desired stem height determines the budding height. Usually a stem is formed at a height of one meter. There are half-stamped forms - about 80 cm, and sometimes even lower.

Budding in the butt

Budding in the butt is used when the wood at the shoots has matured quite well. It can be carried out during the season at any time, provided that the selected shoots already have formed buds and the temperature is not lower than 10 degrees. Such conditions are necessary for the rapid accretion of parts of the vaccine.

From the plant where the bud comes from, the shoots of the current year are cut off, at the base of which there is a ripe bud. The young top is removed from the cuttings, all the leaves are cut off from the shoot.

At an angle of 45 degrees from top to bottom, a cut of about 6 cm is made on the stem of the stock. And another cut is made above, which must be started 3 cm from the end of the first and lead it down and inward until it intersects with the first. The formed shield is removed.

For grafting, a trunk of the same diameter as the stock is selected from the cuttings. This is necessary to align the scion flap with the previously cut in the rootstock. Then, from this cutting, the same shield is cut out as on the cut of the rootstock. The kidney should be in the middle.

A shield with a kidney is inserted into the socket, and the place of the vaccination is tied with plastic tape. To protect against drying, it is important to tie well the budding site, hermetically closing the edges of the slices.

The strapping tape is removed after a month, when the bud grows together with the stock. The upper part of the rootstock is carefully cut the following spring, taking care not to damage the graft. If budding (inoculation) was carried out in the early stages, then the kidney may start to grow in the current year, and if it is late, then it will begin to grow next year.

As you can see, planting roses is not at all scary. You can graft a kidney into the root collar, you can form a beautiful stem, or you can also graft a butt. These are fun plant propagation methods that any gardener can do. Try it yourself, and you will certainly succeed!


Watch the video: Rosehips The Edible Fruit Of The RoseFacts, Identification, History, Uses u0026 More (January 2022).