Sowing buckwheat belongs to the buckwheat family. The weed has a short stature, dense branching, wide petiole leaves and small yellow-green flowers, devoid of smell.
- Physiological features of the plant
- Temperature conditions for growing buckwheat
- The choice of land for planting buckwheat
- Application of mineral fertilizers for crops of buckwheat
- Features of growing buckwheat
Physiological features of the plant
Cultivated buckwheat has an erect, slightly colored stem. When fully ripe, the stems of the plant acquire an intense red color. The pith leaves are triangular in shape with a partial green color. The leaves are not pubescent, the lower ones are petiolate, and the upper ones are sessile.
The plant has a tap root system, up to 50 cm long. A characteristic feature is that the weight of the root system is only 10% of the total weight of the plant.
The flowers are five-petal, of all kinds of pink shades. The inflorescence is collected in a brush. There are from 600 to 2000 bisexual flowers in one inflorescence. Buckwheat bloom under favorable weather conditions can last up to 2 months. The plant is remontant. All phases of development and formation can be observed on one plant - from buds to fruits at different stages of ripening. The plant has pronounced sexual dimorphism.
Buckwheat is a cereal crop grown by many farms. Buckwheat groats are in great demand among the population. For its cultivation and harvesting, special agricultural technology is used.
Temperature conditions for growing buckwheat
Buckwheat culture is very sensitive to temperature indicators. Large drops in air temperature have a detrimental effect on it. For seed germination, the soil layer must be well warmed up, and the temperature indicator must be at least + 8C. The growing season enters the active phase at + 15C. Frosts are dangerous, therefore buckwheat is sown at stable positive temperature readings.
The optimum flowering temperature is + 25C. Higher temperatures lead to deterioration of pollination and the death of ovaries.
The choice of land for planting buckwheat
Large and high-quality yields of buckwheat crops are obtained in well-lit areas adjacent to forests. It is these lands that have light aeration soils, and the forest protects crops from strong winds. The proximity of water bodies also plays a positive role in obtaining high-quality and bountiful harvests.
As a rule, hives are installed along the perimeter of the buckwheat field. Buckwheat is an excellent honey plant, and buckwheat honey has special qualities. Bee colonies are able to increase buckwheat yield up to 50, sometimes up to 60 percent. To collect honey, beekeepers simply need to know how buckwheat grows.
Application of mineral fertilizers for crops of buckwheat
Mineral fertilizers are applied for buckwheat sowing throughout the growing season. Buckwheat is especially responsive to potash fertilizers.
Nitrogen and phosphorus, which provide high crop yields, are applied for crops only at the time of flowering in a 1: 1 ratio. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied carefully and accurately calculated so as not to lead to a sharp increase in the vegetative mass of the plant.
Buckwheat is endowed with a large vegetative mass, unlike other cereal crops. A distinctive feature of a plant is its growth. Buckwheat grows constantly - from the beginning of the development of flowers to the full maturation of the grain. Growing a high yield of buckwheat culture is considered an art of the highest among agronomists.
Features of growing buckwheat
Under favorable weather conditions, buckwheat sprouts 6-7 days after sowing. During the next week, the first true leaf is formed, and for another 12 days, the second. In the same period, the formation of branches with an apical bud - buds begins in the leaf axils. The early ripening varieties bloom three weeks after the shoots appear. In late-ripening varieties - in a month.
The duration of flowering of one flower is a day, and the entire brush continues to bloom for almost two months. The flowering period is very extended, as well as the period of fruit formation. The ripening process takes place from bottom to top. As a result, the grains located on the lower tier are the most filled.
In conclusion, we can conclude that all the products that buckwheat culture gives us are unique gifts of nature.
Buckwheat contains lysine - the most important amino acid for building protein bodies. The lysine content in buckwheat is many times higher than any other cereal, which significantly brings the consumption of buckwheat into food to the consumption of animal protein. Buckwheat contains a rich complex of B vitamins (B1, B2, B6), P, PP, E and macronutrients of the blood-forming complex (iron, cobalt, nickel, copper, manganese, chromium).
Buckwheat culture is an excellent honey plant. Buckwheat honey has special healing and disinfecting properties.
In green form, the plant is used almost completely. Infusions are made from leaves and flowers. Grain and straw waste is used as feed for domestic animals and birds.
When burning straw, a particularly valuable ash is obtained, containing a large amount of potash and potassium, which is an excellent soil fertilizer.