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Planting and caring for Liatrix


From the vast expanses of the fertile valleys of North America, austere and fragrant liatris came to our gardens and backyards. This is an unpretentious perennial of the Asteraceae family, outwardly resembling a large candle.

Content:

  • Flowering features
  • Landing features
  • Care features
  • Common varieties

Flowering features

Liatris blooms quite unusually and long enough. Tubular flowers begin to bloom from top to bottom, gathering in a fluffy inflorescence - a panicle. It begins to fade only when the peduncle blooms entirely. Depending on the type of plant, the flowers have all sorts of shades - from bright purple to boiling white. Various shades of flowering ears in combination with a delicate aroma of vanilla evoke a whole storm of emotions.

The chemical composition of plant sap includes coumarin, a natural flavoring agent used in perfumery to make essential oils. A dried branch of Liatris can retain its natural aroma for a long time.

Liatris combines many characteristics and qualities inherent in other colors separately: aroma, unpretentiousness, originality and beauty. Outwardly, Liatrice resembles a popsicle on a stick. The flowering period begins in the first half of July and ends in the last third of August.

Landing features

Liatris is planted mainly in flower beds. Often used in compositions on alpine slides. Also, the flower is grown "for cutting" and stands in water for a long time.

An open and well-lit place is chosen for planting liatris. Shaded areas play a negative role in the growth, flowering and color of the flower.

The plant prefers loose and well-drained soil. Therefore, planting and caring for liatrix is ​​carried out on dry soils, avoiding the proximity of groundwater. Liatris does not tolerate heavy clay and damp substrates with a low relief, but it feels great in a dry season.

Care features

Caring for a lyatrix is ​​not a big deal. The plant begins to be planted from late April to early May. Planting depth reaches up to 10 cm and depends on the size of the tuber. The main thing in landing is not to confuse the lower and upper parts. The upper part of the tuber has a notch, from which a stem sprouts in early June. Liatris does not like excess moisture, since the tubers are prone to decay. In winter, it does not need special closure. It will be enough to sprinkle the base of the stems with humus or fallen leaves with a layer of up to 15 cm.

Further care for liatrix is ​​watering with small doses of mineral fertilizers. After the plant has faded, the aerial part is carefully cut off.

Liatris easily tolerates a transplant even in a state of flowering. Propagated by dividing the tuber or seeds. It is sown in early spring or autumn directly into the ground. Perfectly planted with seedlings. Young bushes begin to bloom from the age of three.

Common varieties

The most popular varieties of Liatris:

  • Spikelet liatris. The plant reaches 80 cm in height. There are 6 colors of this variety: white, violet, pink, purple, lilac and azure.
  • Liatris is scarious. With a high, up to one meter peduncle, bearing white or bright pink inflorescences.
  • Liatris is rough. The tallest representative of the group of this plant. Peduncles reach a height of up to two meters. The flowers are small, bright purple in color, collected in fluffy inflorescences - panicles.

Liatris roots are nodules that look like flattened bulbs. They are interconnected by thin roots, forming a single plant organism, from which the bush itself grows. In sunny places, Liatris grows very rapidly. Its leaves and flowers are intensely colored. Often, under such conditions, the height of the peduncle can reach 1.5-2 meters.

In conclusion, we can note the fact that the use of liatris in landscape design is very productive. Tall and medium-sized varieties are used to decorate complex mixborders. Low varieties of liatris are used in the formation of alpine slides. In the rose gardens, they are framed by stone candlesticks and fountains. Liatris goes well with other plants: flowering shrubs such as lush hydrangeas. It can often be found surrounded by broadleaf ferns. Liatris gets along well with other aromatic plants, for example, phlox. When forming a flower bed, liatris is planted in a circle, as a result of which a very beautiful bush is obtained.

Liatris is jokingly called "lazy flower" for its unpretentiousness and low susceptibility to pathogens and pests. All types of liatris are excellent honey plants. Liatris rightfully occupies a worthy place in personal plots, both for an experienced florist and for a novice amateur.


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