Eustoma (Eustoma), or a bitter flower native to America (southern USA, Mexico and some Caribbean islands). Florists fondly call this flower the French rose.
- Origin and description
- Breeding from seeds and care of seedlings
- Growing on the street
- Growing in pots
- Application in floristry
Origin and description
Eustoma is a bright plant with shiny leaves and large, bud-shaped flowers, usually of a blue hue. Breeders have bred artificial varieties of white, yellow, even red. Some wild species of this exotic plant are listed in the Red Book.
Large-flowered eustoma is the most common and popular species among fans of decorative indoor plants.
Due to its decorative qualities and attractive appearance, eustoma has gained immense popularity among professional florists and amateur gardeners around the world.
Breeding from seeds and care of seedlings
Unfortunately for flower growers, eustoma is not able to reproduce by dividing the bush.
A grown plant painfully suffers a violation of the root system, therefore, delenki children usually do not take root. Unlike roses, eustoma does not propagate by cuttings. Thus, the main and practically the only way of reproduction is only by seeds.
The sowing campaign is usually started in early winter. This is dictated by the fact that eustoma begins to bloom after 2-3 weeks after the first shoots appear.
It is better to sow eustoma seeds in small plastic cups with the addition of slightly moistened peat and sand to ensure the soil is friable. Sowing is carried out superficially up to 5 pieces in each planting container. The cups are closed with foil or glass.
During the first two months after sowing, young eustoma seedlings need good all-round lighting for compact growth (avoid stretching). In early March, as soon as the spring sun begins to warm up, the seedlings need to be placed on the windowsill, where the seedlings grow more actively.
The optimum temperature for seed germination is about 25 grams. C.
Within a month from the moment of sowing, the seedlings are almost not watered, the moisture under the film remains for a long time. Periodically, the bags need to be removed for airing. In the first one and a half, two months, it is necessary to treat the seedlings with drugs that prevent black leg.
Fragile seedlings of eustoma need to be dived into a separate bowl after 30-45 days. After the procedure, the cut seedlings are left alone for 10-14 days.
It is noteworthy that the tiny seedlings adapt perfectly.
In the second decade of May, grown seedlings are planted on a flower bed. It is better to do this in the evening. At first, babies need to be protected from night frosts.
This exotic beauty prefers well-lit, sunny places. Eustoma needs moderate watering as the soil dries out.
Violent flowering of eustoma begins in the second half of July and lasts until October. This plant is easily pollinated, later miniature capsules with small seeds are formed.
Growing in a pot
Eustoma is usually planted in small pots. Before buying a potted plant, pay attention to the overall appearance.
Place the eustoma at home on the sunny side, avoiding direct sunlight. Eustoma feels most comfortable at a temperature of about 25 grams. C.
In the summer, the flower needs abundant watering. Treat once a week with solutions with fertilizers for indoor flowers.
With proper care, eustoma in a pot blooms for 6-8 weeks.
Application in floristry
Cutting eustoma is grown taller than in decorative pots. Stems reach up to 80cm in length. It is great that leading florist companies can now purchase this exotic plant at popular flower auctions throughout the year. You need to choose carefully and it is better to choose those stems on which 3-4 flowers have opened, and all the other buds have acquired a characteristic color.
This delicate plant is susceptible to damage in transit. Cut branches are best stored in a cool, ventilated area. In order for the cut eustoma to stand as long as possible, the ends of the stems must be cut diagonally, after removing the lower leaves. You can add half a teaspoon of universal flower fertilizer to the water. In a flowerpot, they can stand from 8 to 14 days.
Thanks to the effective selection work, many varieties and hybrids of this Atlantic beauty have now been obtained. And deservedly so, eustoma has become a favorite among famous florists and simple amateur gardeners.