How to distinguish a rose from a wild rose by its shoots?

Rose and rose hips belong to the same family - Rosaceae and have much in common. Still, these plants are different from each other.


  • Studying the differences
  • 4 differences between rose and rosehip shoots
  • Details about rose hips
  • A little about roses

Studying the differences

During the flowering of plants, answer the question: "How to distinguish a rose from a wild rose?" costs nothing, the difference is obvious. It is enough to look at the flowers: roses have many petals, while the rose hips have only five. In addition, the rose hip bears fruit, which cannot be said about the rose. Therefore, at the end of summer, the difference between a rose and a rosehip is on the face, the last plant is distinguished by red or orange bright berries.

But if, when planting, it becomes necessary to distinguish between rose and rosehip shoots? Let us name a few signs by which it becomes clear how to distinguish a rose from a wild rose by its shoots.

4 differences between rose and rosehip shoots

  1. The rose releases red shoots, which then turn green, the rose hips have young shoots immediately green.
  2. The rose has 3 - 5 leaves on a twig, the rose hips have 7 of them, the top has no pair.
  3. The color of the rose leaves is dark green, the leaves are hard, large and glossy, the rosehip has small, light green, matte leaves.
  4. Rose thorns are rare and large, rose hips are frequent and small. Sometimes sepals and even rosehip leaves are covered with thorns.

If cultivated roses are grafted onto a dog rose, then savage shoots often creep from the roots. This situation is unpleasant in that the dog rose draws off all the food and weakens the culture. After all, his growth power is an order of magnitude higher. In this case, the soil layer under the bush is raked to the depth of the shoot growth, and the rose hips are cut flush with the root. Otherwise, on the cut, it will begin to branch, instead of one it will release many shoots.

Details about rose hips

In temperate and cold zones, wild roses, which we call rose hips, usually bloom for a short time - in May-June. And subtropical evergreen wilds bloom almost continuously. Our species bear fruit in August-September. They are very fleshy, juicy. Inside the rose hips there are bristly villi, which, as it were, wrap up the hard nuts.

Free-growing rose hips grow most often as large bushes, up to 2 m tall. Branches are erect, slightly drooping. There are creeping species, the branches of which can cling to the trunks of trees and neighboring plants. So their shoots rise high enough.

There are bushes in the form of pillows, then the growth of their bushes is low, dense. During flowering, they are very decorative. The flowers are distinguished by numerous stamens and pistils, the petals can be white, yellow, pink, red and crimson.

Cultivated rose hips are called park roses in international botanical terminology. They are actively used in landscaping, they have a very successful landscape, close to nature, appearance. One of the elegant rose hips is the wrinkled rose, or Rosa rugosa, and the hybrids created on its basis (Hybrid Rugosa).

It can be recognized by its wrinkled leaves and subulate, dense, straight bristles and thorns along the shoots. Her smell is pleasant, fragrant, but weakly expressed. The flowers are non-double, flowering continues all summer. The bushes are very durable and unpretentious. They are good for curbs and hedges, and can also be planted singly and in groups. The main advantage for our latitudes is frost resistance in winter. In winter, they can be left without any shelter.

A little about roses

Observing roses, which are universally popular, you might not notice that in recent years a lot has changed, and the accumulated changes are already beginning to actively put in order and classify. Separated into special groups of patio roses, ground cover. Climbing miniatures appeared, with unusual small flowers and crumb leaves.

Many articles have been written about new varieties, we will talk a little about the shapes of flowers. According to the shape of the flowers, roses are divided into 9 main types:

  • With a cone-shaped center - buds of a classic shape, characteristic of hybrid tea varieties, in which the petals are curled into a cone.
  • Peony or spherical shape - numerous petals are concave inward, covering the center of the flower.
  • Form with a loose center - loosely closed petals form a core of indefinite outlines.
  • Collapsing form - at the end of flowering, the flower of the initially regular shape loosens, the petals seem to fall out, exposing the stamens.
  • Cup-shaped - numerous rose petals form a cup, the center of the flower is not covered.
  • Square shape - the inner petals create, as it were, four sectors located radially outside the flower.
  • Pompom shape - numerous short petals form a rounded, almost spherical shape of the flower.
  • Flat shape - a flower with numerous petals, slightly concave towards the middle of the flower.
  • Rosette-shaped - the whole flower seems to flow down to the middle, concavity is noted, but its very shape is flat with numerous short petals.

Studying the differences between rose hips and roses, four main differences in shoots are highlighted. A brief description of rose hips is given, and their decorative qualities for the garden are given. In the description of varietal roses, their modern classification is given according to the differences in flower shape. Roses and rose hips are very interesting crops for the backyard economy, it is always pleasant to watch their growth and flowering.

Watch the video: Wild Rose Plant Identification (November 2021).