Many gardeners love hydrangea. Let's take a look at the peculiarities of planting and care.
- Planting and leaving
- Top dressing
- Preparing for winter
- Influence of soil acidity on color
- Landscape design
Planting and leaving
Planting hydrangeas and caring for it have their own characteristics. Unlike most plants, hydrangea loves shade and partial shade, it suffers from direct sunlight, slows down growth and development, its inflorescences become small. It is necessary to plant in the spring, when the soil warms up and the time of night frosts has passed. When planting, organic and mineral fertilizers are applied. The soil must be loose.
Hydrangea also loves moisture very much, so after watering it is better to mulch the soil, so the soil will stay moist longer. As mulch, you can take sawdust, pine needles, peat.
For irrigation, soft water is needed, preferably rainwater, since the plant does not tolerate lime. Tap water needs to be defended, but even this does not always save leaves from chlorosis. Each bush should receive at least two buckets of water per week. Usually watering is carried out in the morning or evening, when there is no hot sun.
Hydrangea needs to be fed twice a month. Ash cannot be used. Fertilizers are suitable for rhododendrons, heathers, azaleas.
You should be very careful about nitrogen fertilization. Overfeeding with nitrogen can lead to poor winter hardiness of hydrangeas, as well as cause plant diseases, as the turgor of the stems is weakened.
Preparing for winter
For the winter, they make a shelter for the hydrangea, covering it with spruce branches and dry leaves, and put a box or box on top. Many types of shelter are not required. The only thing you need to watch out for is the snow melting from the roofs - the shoots of hydrangeas are very fragile.
Influence of soil acidity on color
When the planting of hydrangea and its care is discussed, one cannot fail to mention the property of the plant to change the color of the flowers depending on the acidity of the soil. If you want blue or blue flowers, add iron salts and alum to the soil twice a month. And if you add them only on one side, then you can get a plant with blue and pink flowers at the same time.
Hydrangea gardeners are often propagated by dividing the bush and cuttings. If the bush is large enough, then a dig is made around the bush 15 cm from the stems. It is advisable to dig on wet soil with a pitchfork. Then the bush is carefully tilted and, without removing it from the planting pit, is cut with a sharp knife or shovel.
Cuttings are cooked in the first half of the season. It is good to take those shoots that are cut out during thinning.
They break off the bottom two leaves, then coarse sand is added to the ground, and the cuttings are stuck at a slight angle into the ground. To avoid active evaporation, the top leaves are cut by 2/3.
For rooting, cuttings are covered with the top of a plastic jar or bottle, or with a glass jar. Rooting is carried out in the shade, moisture is constantly monitored. Young hydrangeas are transplanted to a permanent place in the third year. Planting holes are prepared as described here.
Hydrangea responds well to pruning. Faded inflorescences are removed as they dry out during the summer, closer to autumn. Thinning pruning is done in the spring, after the buds have awakened. Weak and frozen shoots, as well as old branches are removed.
Hydrangeas are good for single plantings and in groups. If your entrance is located on the north side, then you can safely plant it at the entrance, in the front garden. But remember that over time, she needs a fairly large place - about one and a half meters.
For mixborders, you need to select plants with similar environmental requirements (moisture, lighting and acidity). Hosts, astilbe, black cohosh, cuffs are well suited for combination. The composition of hydrangea and giant hosta (Andorian, Candy Disch, Impress Wu) will look expressive, which will decrease in layers as other medium-sized plants approach the observer.
For large areas, compositions for a mixborder will be successful, where three or more hydrangea bushes are included in the border. With their natural spreading shape, they create a unique undulating accent in the garden landscape, beautifully emphasizing the scope of the site. Their presence in the mixborder will be a good find with the natural limitation of the garden area from the recreation area. They have just such a height that does not interfere with extending the visual projection deep into the site. But nevertheless, the zoning effect remains.
Hydrangeas are very expressive plants that bring joy with their appearance for many years. They are great for a variety of garden styles. Caring for hydrangeas does not require a lot of effort, with the right choice of place and providing moisture, they are very unpretentious. Plant this wonderful shrub in your area and you will be captivated by its beauty.